Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

Henry III of England

Male 1207 - 1272  (65 years)


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  • Name Henry III of England 
    Born 1 Oct 1207  Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Nov 1272  Bury Saint Edmunds, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7162  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 27 May 2021 

    Father John "Lackland" of England,   b. Abt 27 Dec 1166, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years) 
    Mother Isabel of Angoulême,   b. 1188,   d. 4 Jun 1246, Fontevrault-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Aug 1200  Bordeaux, , France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2950  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “HENRY III OF ENGLAND, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitaine, son and heir, born at Winchester 1 October 1207. He ascended the throne 19 October 1216, and was crowned at Gloucester 28 October 1216, again at Westminster Abbey 17 May 1220. Sometime prior to 19 October 1216, he contracted to marry Yolande of Brittany [see LUSIGNAN 6], daughter of Pierre de Braine, Knt., Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, Henry agreeing to obtain a dispensation from the Pope for that purpose. This contract was eventually voided. In 1226 he released all his right in the city and county of Angoulême, the city of Saintonge, and the castles of Cognac and Merpins to his mother and step-father. Henry assumed personal rule when he declared himself to be of full age in Jan. 1227. He married (1st) by proxy in 1235 JEANNE DE DAMMARTIN, daughter and co-heiress of Simon de Dammartin, Count of Ponthieu and Montreuil [see DAMMARTIN 4], which marriage was annulled without consummation 27 April 1236, on grounds that they were related in the 4th degree of kindred. He married (2nd) at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent 14 Jan. 1236 ELEANOR OF PROVENCE, 2nd daughter and co-heiress of Raymond Berenger V, Count and Marquis of Provence, Count of Forcalquier, by Beatrice, daughter of Thomas (or Tomniaso) I, Count of Savoy, Marquis in Italy. They had nine children (see below). Henry's personal rule in the direction of royal finances without the participation of the barons provoked discontent. The barons were further repelled by the influence over his government by his Queen's Savoyard kinsmen. His Lusignan half-brothers involved him in a disastrous foray in France. Henry's need for financial support compelled him in 1258 to agree to the creation of a privy council of barons to advise him and to oversee the administration of government. In 1259 he gave up his claim to Normandy and other hereditary possessions of the crown in France, in return for some territories in Gascony which had been lost. His major baronial opponent by 1263 was his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester [see LEICESTER 10]. In the ensuing civil war, Montfort captured Henry and his eldest son, Edward, at the Battle of Lewes in Sussex 14 May 1264. Montfort ruled England in Henry's name until he was defeated and killed at the Battle of Evesham 4 August 1265. By the treaty of Montgomery in 1267, Henry III recognized Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Prince of Wales and Snowdon, following Llywelyn's establishment of control over Gwynedd Uwch Conwy and Perfeddwlad, and supremacy over the other Welsh rulers. HENRY III OF ENGLAND, King of England, died testate at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk 16 Nov. 1272, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His widow, Eleanor, entered Amesbury Priory, Wiltshire, where she was veiled 7 July 1286. She gave five pounds of silver every Friday to the poor in reverence for the five wounds of Christ. In 1290 she requested a commission of oyer and terrniner from the king to enquire into trespasses committed by her stewards or bailiffs throughout her lands. Eleanor, Queen of England, died testate at Amesbury Priory 24 June 1291, and was buried in the Convent Church there 10 Sept. 1291. In 1292 Henry's heart was delivered by the Abbot of Winchester to the Abbess of Fontrevault, to whom the king promised it when he visited her house in 1254.
      Godwin De Præsulibus Angliæ Commentarius (?1616): 641 (Godfrey Giffard, Bishop of Worcester styled "Regi sanguine propinquus" [i.e., near kinsman to King Henry III of England) (see also Foss Judges of England 3 (1851): 93; Bund Reg. of Godfrey Giffard 1 (1902): xxiii, footnote 4). Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 87-94. Martene & Durand Veterum Scriptorum et Monumentorum 1 (1724): 1363-1366 (letter of Eleanor of Provence, Queen of England, and her son, King Edward I). Nichols Coll. Of All the Wills (1780): 15-17 (will of King Henry II). Rymer Fædora 1 (1816): 156 (King Henry III styled "kinsman" by Philippe Auguste, King of France), 179 (Raymond VII, Duke of Narbonne, Count of Toulouse, etc., styled "kinsman"), 194 (Otto, Duke of Brunswick, styled "kinsman"), 222 (B. de Mastak' [Matha] styled "kinsman"), 259,489 (instances of Marguerite, Countess of Flanders and Hainault styled "kinswoman"), 301 (King Henry III styled "kinsman" by Alfonso X, King of Castile), 389-390, 392 (instances of King Henry III styled "kinsman" [consobrino, consanguineo] by Louis IX, King of France), 470 (Albert, Duke of Brunswick, styled "kinsman" by King Henry III, Alice [Alaisiam, Alesiam] de Monte Ferrato (Monferrato]] styled "kinswoman" [neptem] of Queen Eleanor of Provence), 475 (Peter of Savoy styled "uncle"). Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum 2 (1819): 334,338. Nicolas Testamenta Vetusta 1 (1826): 5-7 (will of King Henry III). Champollion-Figeac Lettres de Rois, Reines et autres Personages des Cours de France et d’Angleterre 1 (1839): 41-42 (Blanche [of Castile], Queen of France, styled "kinswoman" [consanguinea] by King Henry III in letter dated 1233), 53 (T., Treasurer of Tours, styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by King Henry III in letter dated 1247). Coll. Top. et Gen. 6 (1840): 245-261. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Sessional Papers in Session 1845: Vol. 38 Rpts. from the Commissioners (1845): 89 (Raymund de Landon styled "cousin" by Queen Eleanor [of Provence] in undated letter to her son, King Edward I). Huillard-Bréholles Hist. Diplomatica Friderica Secundi 3 (1852): 372 ([Agnes of Saxony], wife of [Otto], son of Ludwig I, Duke of Bavaria, styled "kinswoman" [consanguineam] by King Henry III of England in 1227). Giles Matthew Paris's English Hist. 2 (1853): 274-276 (sub 1248: "In the month of December in this year, [Stephen de Charron] the prior of Thetford, a Savoyard by birth, and a monk of Clugny, who declared himself to be a relation or kinsman of the queen, and had assumed airs of pride from that circumstance, invited his brothers, Bernard, a knight, and Guiscard, a beastly clerk, to come to his house at Thetford."). Stevenson Church Historians of England 4(1) (1856): 168 (Chron. of Melrose: "A.D. 1217. Upon the kalends of June [1st June] a battle was fought at Lincoln, between the supporters of Louis, the son of the king of France, and those who held with Henry [III], the new king of England. With the former sided the larger part of the whole knighthood of England and France, of whom the following were the most illustrious: The marshal of France, with his retainers; [Thomas] the earl of Perches, who is said to have been the uncle of this Louis, and a kinsman to each of the two kings, (of England, namely, and of France,) with his retainers..."). Shirley Royal & Other Hist. Letters Ill. of King Henry III 1 (1862) (Rolls Ser. 27): 107-108 (Philippe Auguste, King of France styled "kinsman" by King Henry III of England), 295-296 (reference to commit to marry Yolande of Brittany), 482 (Joan, Countess of Flanders and Hainault, styled "kinswoman”): 2 (Rolls Ser. 27) (1866): 42-43 & 101-102 (letters of Queen Eleanor of Provence), 240-242 (instances of Reyrnundus de Bonisvilla [Raymond de Bouville] styled "kinsman"), 273-274, 279, 281-282, 339 (instances of Marguerite, Countess of Flanders and Hainault styled "kinswoman" to King Henry III), 304-305 (Louis IX, King of France styled "kinsman" to King Henry III). Luard Annales Monastici 4 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1869): 492 (Annals of Worcester sub A.D. 1286- "Nonis Julii Flianora mater regis suscepit habitum sanctmonialis apud Ambrebure."), 506 (Annals of Worcester sub AD. 1291 - "Quinto kal. Julii [27 June] regina Elianora mater regis apud Ambrebure obiit sanctimonialis; et quarto idus Septembris [10 Sept.] rege presente et multis prælatis Anglia ibidem sepulta fuerat cum honore."). Boutaric Saint Louis et Alfonso de Poitiers (1870): 105 (Marguerite of Provence, Queen of France, styled "sister" [soror] by Eleanor of Provence, Queen of England in 1263), 105-106 (Eleanor of Provence, Queen of England, styled "sister" [soror] by Marguerite of Provence, Queen of France). Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Matthew of Paris Chronica Mejora 6 (Rolls Ser. 57) (1882): 186-187 (Albert, parish priest of Campilio, styled 'kinsman" [consanguineus] of [Eleanor of Provence], Queen of England, in letter of Pope Innnocent IV dated 1249). Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 19 (1880): 231 (Ex Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ "Idelfonsus autem Comes Provinciæ factus Gersendem neptem Comitis Folcalquerii in uxorem duxit, ex qua Berengarium-Raitnundus ultimum Comitem Catalonum habuit, qui in uxorem habuit filiam ducis Sabaudi, in cujus Berengarii minibus Nicentini juramentum fidelitatum præstitenint sub anno MCCXXIX, die nona mensis novembris. Et hic Berengarius fuit famosus pulchritudine quatuor filiarum suarem, videlicit Helionoræ secundo genitæ, quam Henrico III Anglorum Regi declit, de quibus meminit Hostiensis in Summa, in titulum de clandestina desponsatione, quid igitur si tota patria."). Birch Cat. Seals in the British Museum 1(1887): 98-99 (seal of Queen Eleanor of Provence dated 1235-1236 - Obverse. Figure of Queen on corbel, full length, crowned, draped in loose dress girded at waist and reaching in graceful folds below feet, in loose cloak, buckled at neck and reaching almost to the ground. In right hand a long cross or sceptre surmounted by cross and floreated, in left hand a similar sceptre ensigned with orb and dove. Beneath corbel a lion sejant guardant. Legend: ALIA[NORA DE]I : GRACIA : REG[IN]A : ANGLIE : DOMINA : HYBERNI[E]. Reverse. Suspended by strap, from richly designed tree of three branches, a shield of arms: ENGLAND. Legend: [A]LIANO[RA :] DVCISSA : NORMANNIE : [ET: A]QVITANIE : COMITIS[SA : ANDEGAVRE].). Papal Regs.: Letters 1 (1893): 201, 224 [instances of Guy de Roussillon styled "king's clerk and kinsman" - see C.P.R 1232-1247 (1906): 418; list of Diplomatic Docs., Scottish Docs. & Papal Bulls (PRO Lists and Indexes 49) (1923): 242 (Guy was Archdeacon of Lyons in 1254)], 249, 252 (instances of Albert, curate of Campilio, papal chaplain, styled "kinsman" of [Eleanor], Queen of England), 283, 311 (instances of Raymond/Remund de Bonisvilla [Bouville], papal chaplain, "styled "king's kinsman"), 260, 266 (instances of Aymer de Lezigniaco [Lusignan], papal chaplain, styled "kinsman" of the king of England' "). C.P.R. 1216-1225 (1901): 53 (Robert de Courtenay of Okehampton styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by King Henry III in 1217). C.P.R. 1225-1232 (1903): 98. Genealogist n.s. 21(1905): 4-11 [Peter de Genève (died 1249) and Ebles de Genève (died 1259), identified as near kinsmen of Eleanor of Provence; see C.P. 5 (1926): 629 (sub Geneville), footnote e; Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 11(1986): 158 (sub Genf)]. C.C.R. 1231-1234 (1905): 340 (William de Mastac [Matha] styled "king's kinsman"). C.P.R. 1232-1247 (1906): 122(J[oan], Countess of Flanders, styled "kinswoman"), 190 (Robert le Clerc, son of Robert de Curtenay, styled "king's kinsman"), 242, 251, 355 (instances of Thomas of Savoy, Count of Flanders and Hainault, styled "king's uncle"), 251, 253, 266 (instances of Peter of Savoy styled "king's uncle"), 382 (Albret styled "king's kinsman"), 412 (Fink de Castro Novo styled "king's kinsman"). Auvray Regs. de Gregoire IX 2 (1907): 380-381. C.C.R. 1234-1237 (1908): 340 (B[oson] de Mastak' [Matha], count of Bigorre, styled "kinsman") (see article on Matha family at website www.ifrance.com/poitou/Chatel.htm.). C.P.R. 1247-1258 (1908): 9 (A[madeus] Count of Savoy styled "king's uncle" by King Henry III of England in 1248), 34, 48 (instances of Peter de Sabaudia [Savoy] styled "king's uncle"), 36 (Thibaut I, King of Navarre, Count Palatine of Champagne & Brie, styled "kinsman"), 222, 406 & 563 (Robert son of the Count of Burgundy styled "king's kinsman" in 1253, 1255, and 1257), 313-314, 385, 415, 468, 532 (instances of Isabel de Croun [Craon] styled "king's sister"), 344 (instances of Count Thomas of Sabaudia [Savoy], styled "king's uncle" in 1254), 399 (Eschivat de Chabbeneys [Chabanais], count of Bigorre, styled "king's kinsman"), 424, 429 (instances of Master Simon de Rupe Cauardi [Rochechouart] styled "king's kinsman" [see Clay York Minster Fasti 2 (Yorkshire Arch. Soc. Recs. 124) (1959): 51, 490 (Geoffrey Martel styled "king's kinsman" [see Cuttino Gaston Reg. A 2 (1975): 527]). D.N.B. 6 (1908): 597-598 (biog. of Eleanor of Provence: "... The extreme unpopularity of Queen Eleanor is reflected in nearly all the contemporary annalists"); 9 (1908): 463-482 (biog. of Henry III: "... He had a refined mind and cultivated tastes... He was sincerely religious... His life was moral... Though obstinate, he was infirm of purpose, and no dependence could be placed on him... shifty and false... He had no talent for administration... his campaigns were disgracefully managed"). C.P.R. 1258-1266 (1910): 86 (Raymond de Bevill [Bouville] and Bertrand his brother, sons of Bernard de Bevill [Bouville], styled "kinsmen of the king"), 158, 241-242, 245-246 (instances of Raymond de Bovis Villa [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman"), 208 (Alfonse, Count of Toulouse and Poitiers, styled "king's kinsman"), 277 ([Alice] sister of [Guillermo] marquis of Monferrato styled "king's niece" in 1263), 283, 293 (instances of "A[lbert], Duke of Brunswick, styled "king's kinsman"), 350, 398, 659 (instances of Marguerite, Countess of Flanders, styled "king's kinswoman"), 494, 528, 567 (instances of Bertram de Boyvill (or Bovis Villa) [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman"), 527, 541-542, 544 (instances of Geoffrey de Leziniaco [Lusignan] styled "king's brother"), 532 (Guy de Marchia [Marche] styled "king's nephew"), 554 (Aymer [de Lusignan], bishop elect of Winchester styled "king's late brother'), 666, 668 (instances of Peter, count of Savoy, styled "king's uncle"). C.P.R. 1266-1272 (1913): 3 (Albert, Duke of Brunswick, styled "king's kinsman"; his wife, Alice de Monte Ferrato [Monferrato] styled "niece of Queen Eleanor"), 64, 606, 618-619 (instances of Bertram de Bovisvilla [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman"), 197, 304 (instances of Philip de Sabaudia [Savoy], count of Burgundy, styled "king's uncle"), 310 (Peter de Sabaudia [Savoy] (deceased) styled "queen's uncle"), 318, 622 (Elisenta, wife of Matthew de Loveyn, styled "king's kinswoman"), 336 ([Alice], wife of [Albert], Duke of Brunswick, styled "king's niece"), 455 (Maurice, lord of Craon, styled "king's nephew"). C.P. 3 (1913): 320, footnote c (Margaret of Savoy, wife of Baldwin de Reviers, 7th Earl of Devon, styled "king's kinswoman"). Cal. Liberate Rolls 1 (1916): 195 (Alpesia, nun of Amesbury, styled "king's cousin"), 323 (Robert de Courtenay, son of Robert, styled "king's kinsman"), 486 (Ferrandus [Fernando], son of the King of Portugal, styled "king's cousin"); 2 (1930): 23 (Ségur styled "king's cousin"); 3 (1937): 128 (Gwidona, wife of Hugh Chaceporc, styled "king's kinswoman" [see C.P.R. 1232-1247 (1906): 502-Gwydona styled "king's kinwoman" (cognata) D, 130, 218, 278, 330, 335, 357 (Peter de Abuzun styled "king's kinsman") [see also C/270/26/1 (Peter de Aubenzun styled "royal kinsman"); C.P.R. 1247-1258 (1908): 88, 143, 459], 152, 189 (Fulk de Castro Novo [Châteauneuf] styled "king's cousin") [see C.C.R. 1242-1247 (1916): 498; Genealogist n.s. 21(1905): 8 (footnote 22), 242], 220, 242 (Alice de Blois, Abbess of Fontevrault, styled "king's kinswoman"), 240, 242 (Hugh Anselmi (or Anselmes) styled "king's kinsman"), 302 (Odo [Otto], Duke of Brunswick, styled "king's kinsman" - C.C.R. 1227-1231 (1902): 95, 233-234), 330 (William de Chabeneis [Chabanais] styled "king's kinsman" [see C.P.R. 1247-1258 (1908): 119, 174, 257 (Segur de Castro Novo [Châteauneuf] styled "king's kinsman") [see Genealogist n.s. 2] (1905): 8, footnote 22; C.P.R. 1247-1258 (1908): 5, 257; Castaigne Chron. de l'Abbaye de la Couronne (1864): 131; Cuttino Gascon Reg. A 2 (1975): 578 (Ségur de Chateu Nou [Castelnau] styled "mon coysi" by Raimond Viger d'Archiac)], 327 (Arnold de Bovine [Bouville], clerk, styled "of his [the king's] "kinship') [see C.C.R. 1256-1259 (1932): 45 (Arnald de Bevyle [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman")], 561, 567 (Henry of Castile brother of King of Castile styled "king's kinsman"); 6 (1964): 116 (Bertram de Bovisvilla [Boville] styled "king's yeoman and kinsman"). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Henricus Tertius]"). C.C.R. 1247-1251 (1922): 389, 507 (Raymond de Bovis Villa [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman") [see also C.C.R. 1254-1256 (1931): 258, 289 (Raymond de Beyvyle [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman")]. List of Diplomatic Docs., Scottish Docs. & Papal Bulls (PRO Lists and Indexes 49) (1923): 229. VCH Berkshire 4 (1924): 162-168. Benoit Recueil des Actes des Comtes de Provence Appartenant à la Maison de Barcelone 1 (1925): table facing XXXVL C.C.R. 1261-1264 (1936): 170 (A[lbert], Duke of Brunswick, styled "kinsman"), 282 (Raymond de Bovisville [Bouville] styled "king's kinsman")]. C.C.R. 1253-1254 (1929): 225 (William de Bovill [Bouville]' styled "king's kinsman"), 246 (Emerico de Rupe Cauard' [Amaury de Rochechouart] styled "king's kinsman"). Tout Chapters in the Administratve Hist. of Mediaval England 5 (1930): 232-235. Powicke King Henry III & the Lord Edward (1947). Hatton Book of Seals (1950): 45-46 (John de Caux styled "kinsman" of Queen Eleanor). Jour. British Arch. Assoc. 3rd Ser. 16 (1953): 25-40. Sanders English Baronies (1960): 120-121, 131-132, 136-137, 140-141, 148-149. Powicke Handbook of British Chron. (1961): 34-35. Coat of Arms 7 (1962): 18-24, 92 (arms of Henry III: Gales, three lions passant gardent in pale or). Chaplais Diplomatic Docs. 1 (1964): 154-155 (King Henry III styled "kinsman" [affini/consanguineo] by Berenguela, Queen of Castile and Toledo, in letters dated c.1217-1230), 181-182 (King Henry III styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by Alfonso X, King of Castile in letter dated 1254), 267-268 (Charles, Count of Anjou, styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by King Henry III of England in letter dated 1264). Tremlett et al. Rolls of Arms Henry III (H.S.P. 113-4) (1967): 30, 71 (Fulk de Châteauneuf styled "king's cousin" [consoblinus] by Matthew Paris). Cox Eagles of Savoy (1974). Cuttino Gascon Reg. A 2 (1975): 531-532 (King Henry III styled "kinsman" by King Louis IX of France). Paget Lineage & Anc. of Prince Charles 1 (1977): 17-18. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 2 (1984): 70 (sub Aragon, Barcelona, and Provence), 83 (sub England). Fryde Handbook of British Chron. (1986): 37-38. Carpenter Minority of Henry III (1990). Williamson Kings & Queens of Britain (1991): 69-70 (biog. of Henry III: "... What Henry lacked in statesmanship was largely compensated by a cultivated mind and a patronage of literature and the arts... His rebuilding of Westminster Abbey... was his greatest achievement"), 70-71 (biog. of Eleanor of Provence: "... strong-willed, avaricious and pleasure-loving, but she was a loyal wife and mother"). Howell "Children of King Henry III" (13th Cent. England 4) (1992): 57-72. Mortimer Angevin England 1154-1258 (1994). Brault Rolls of Arms Edward I 2 (1997): 153 (arms of Eleanor of Provence: Gules, three lions passant guardant or, impaling paly or and gules, both dimidiated). Howell Eleanor of Provence (1998): 53, 108 (Alice, wife of Richard de Burgh [died 1248], probable kinswoman of Queen Eleanor [see C.P. 12(2) (1959): 171, footnote e (sub Ulster)]; Matthew of Paris Matthai Parisiensis Monachi Sancti Aibani Historia Anglorum 3 (Rolls Ser. 44) (1869): 25], 168 (Isabel wife of Ingram de Fiennes styled "queen's kinswoman" [cognata regine], citing E101/349/26 mm. 1-2 [Date: 41-47 Henry III (1256-63)]). Sayer Original Papal Docs. in England & Wales (1198-1304) (1999): 97-99, 159-160, 184-185, 203. Church King John: New Interpretations (1999): 175, footnote 31. Kerr Religious Life for Women, c.1100-c.1350: Fontevraud in England (1999): 99, 109-110, 113, 115, 119, 144, 185, 240. Tyerman Who's Who in Early Medieval England 1066-1272 (2001): 301-311 (biog. of Henry III: "Henry was fond of insisting on the majesty of his office, and keen to accuse those he disliked of treason. His concept of his office was grand but his use of the prerogative bounded by practical limits."). English Hist. Rev. 120 (2005): 987-1013.
      Children of Henry III of England, by Eleanor of Provence:
      i. EDWARD I OF ENGLAND [see next].
      ii. MARGARET (or MARGERY) OF ENGLAND, married ALEXANDER III, King of Scots [see SCOTLAND 6].
      iii. BEATRICE (or BEATRICE) OF ENGLAND, married JEAN (or JOHN) II OF BRITTANY, Knt., Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond [see BRITTANY 9].
      iv. EDMUND OF ENGLAND, Knt., Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, and Derby, married (1st) AVELINE DE FORZ [see LANCASTER 7]; (2nd) BLANCHE OF ARTOIS [see LANCASTER 7; BLOIS 7].
      v. RICHARD OF ENGLAND, born about 1247, died 29 August 1250, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 92. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Stevenson Rental of all the Houses in Gloucester, A.D. 1455(1890): 121 (ped. in Hist. of the Kings of England dated c.1470). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Ricardus qui jacet apud Westmonasto").
      vi. JOHN OF ENGLAND, born at Advent 1250, died 31 August 1252, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 92. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Stevenson Rental of all the Houses in Gloucester, AD. 1455 (1890): 121 (ped. in Hist. of the Kings of England dated c.1470). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Johannes qui jacet Westmio").
      vii. KATHERINE OF ENGLAND, born at London 25 Nov. 1253, died at Windsor Castle 3 May 1257. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 94. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Green Lives of the Princesses of England 2 (1857): 270-274. Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Matthew of Paris Cbronica Mejora 5 (Rolls Ser. 57) (1880): 632 (sub A.D. 1257- "Obiit Katerina ftlia domini regis. Et circa Inventionem sancta Crucis [3 May], obiit filia domini rgeis Katerina, muta et inutilis, sed facie pulcherrirna. Regina autem mater ejus dolore concepto infirmitate quasi irremediabiliter occupabatur, nec potuit ei phisica vel humana consolatio suffragari."). Stevenson Rental of all the Houses in Gloucester, A.D. 1455(1890): 121 (ped. in Hist. of the Kings of England dated c.1470). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Katrina qui cito obiit"). Jour. British Arch. Assoc. 3rd Ser. 16 (1953): 25-40.
      viii. WILLIAM OF ENGLAND, died 1259, and was buried at New Temple. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 92. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Stevenson Rental of all the Houses in Gloucester, AD. 1455(1890): 121 (ped. in Hist. of the Kings of England dated c.1470). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Willelmus qui sepultus est in templo").
      ix. HENRY OF ENGLAND, born May 1260, died 10 October 1260, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 93. Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 20-21. Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Stevenson Rental of all the Houses in Gloucester, A.D. 1455(1890): 121 (ped. in Hist. of the Kings of England dated c.1470). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Henricus qui jacet Westmio").”

      2. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      "JOHN OF ENGLAND (nicknamed Lackland), King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, youngest son, born at Oxford about 27 Dec. 1166. In 1173 he was contracted to marry Alice of Maurienne, eldest daughter of Humbert III, Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Marquis of Italy. This marriage scheme failed when his older brother, Henry, as count of Anjou, refused their father's proposal to give John the castles of Chinon, Loudun, and Mirebeau. In 1174 it was agreed that John should have Nottingham and Marlborough Castles in England and certain castles and rents in France. In 1177 his father declared him King of Ireland, and arranged his succession to the earldom of Gloucester. In March 1185 his father knighted him at Windsor, and sent him to govern Ireland. John treated the Irishmen with such insolence, they deserted the English cause and kept the Kings of Limerick, Cork, and Connacht from coming to do fealty to him. He was recalled from Ireland by his father in Sept. 1185. His father's continued favor to him contributed to the rebellion of John's older brother, Richard, though at the end of Henry's reign, John deserted his father to support Richard. On Richard's accession as king in 1189, he made John Count of Mortain in Normandy, and granted him the castles and honours of Marlborough, Ludgershall, Lancaster, Bolsover, and the Peak, the town of Nottingham, the honours of Tickhill and Wallingford, and the county of Derby, with the honour of Peverel. John married (1st) at Marlborough, Wiltshire 29 August 1189 ISABEL OF GLOUCESTER, Countess of Gloucester, lady of Glamorgan, youngest daughter and co-heiress of William Fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester, by Hawise, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester [see GLOUCESTER 4 for her ancestry]. Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, protested against the marriage, John and Isabel being related in the 3rd degree of kindred. They had no issue. He was present at the Coronation of his brother, King Richard I, in Sept. 1189. By the end of 1189, John was further granted the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall, with all rights of jurisdiction. In 1191, while Richard was on crusade, John broke his promise not to enter England during Richard's absence, and, on learning of Richard's imprisonment in Germany, attempted unsuccessfully to seize control of England. On Richard's return in 1193, John was deprived of his English lands and excommunicated. In May 1193 Richard and John were reconciled by the mediation of the queen- mother. In 1195 Richard granted him the county of Mortain, the honour of Eye, and earldom of Gloucester. In the beginning of April 1199, as Richard was dying, he named John his successor in England and all his dominions. On the death of Richard, 6 April 1199, John ascended the throne and was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey 27 May 1199. In 1199 he obtained a divorce from his wife, Isabel, on grounds of consanguinity. She was subsequently kept a state prisoner until 1214.* John married (2nd) at Bordeaux 24 August 1200 ISABEL OF ANGOULÊME, daughter and heiress of Adémar (or Aitnar) Ill Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alice (or Alaïs, Alaidis), daughter of Pierre of France, seigneur of Courtenay, Montargis, and Châteaurenard (younger son of Louis VI, King of France). She was born in 1188, and was previously contracted to marry Hugues IX le Brun (died Nov. 1219), Count of La Marche, seigneur of Lusignan and Couhé. She was crowned queen 8 October 1200. They had five children (see below). By various mistresses, King John had a large number of illegitimate children, including nine sons, Richard, Knt., Oliver, John, Geoffrey, Henry, Knt., Osbert Giffard, Eudes (or Ives), Bartholomew (clerk), and possibly Philip, and four daughters, Joan, ___, Maud [Abbess of Barking], and allegedly Isabel. War with France followed John's refusal to appear in 1202 before King Philippe Auguste of France concerning the grievance of the Lusignans. At first John was successful in defending his French lands, capturing his nephew, Arthur of Brittany, in August 1202, but, in 1204, he lost Normandy, Anjou, Maine, and Touraine to the French king. For the next ten years, John resided almost permanently in England (the first such Angevin king) and attempted to restore his finances for further warfare in France by determined taxation and exploitation of his feudal prerogatives (later the basis for the charge of tyranny). In 1205 he began a quarrel with the Church when he refused to accept Pope Innocent III's nomination of Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury. His intransigence in the matter led the Pope to impose an interdict on England in 1208, suspending all religious services, and excommunicating King John. In 1210 he went to Ireland, where he took Carrickfergus, seized the lands of the Lacys and banished the Earl of Ulster, built several fortresses, appointed sheriffs and other officers to carry out the English system of law, and coined new money. He arrested all the Jews in England, and made them pay 66,000 marks. In 1211 he made an expedition into North Wales, compelled the submission of Llywelyn, and raised fortresses. In 1213, after five years of amassing the revenues of vacant or appropriated sees and abbeys, John agreed to become a vassal to the Pope for an annual tribute of one thousand marks, with absolution from excommunication and the lifting of the interdict. In 1214 John conducted another campaign in France, and suffered a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Bouvines on the river Margne. An alliance of barons took advantage of this defeat to launch a rebellion which was successful in forcing John to agree to a comprehensive and humiliating agreement at Runnymede near Windsor 19 June 1215 called the Magna Carta [Great Charter]. This defined the rights of the Church, barons, and the people. John soon repudiated the charter, claiming he acted under duress, and civil war ensued. JOHN, King of England, died testate suddenly at the Bishop of Lincoln's castle at Newark 19 October 1216, and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. His widow, Isabel, returned to France in 1217, to take up residence in her native city of Angoulême. She reasserted her control over Cognac, and entered into prolonged and violent disputes with Reginald de Pons over the castle of Merpins, and with Bartholomew le Puy. She married (2nd) 10 May 1220 HUGUES [X] LE BRUN (otherwise known as HUGUES DE LUSIGNAN), Count of La Marche, seigneur of Lusignan, Château-Larcher, Montreuil-Bonnin, and la Mothe-Saint-Heray, and, in right of his wife, Count of Angoulême, son and heir of Hugues [IX] le Brun, Count of La Marche, seigneur of Lusignan and Couhe, by his 1st wife, Agatha, daughter of Pierre de Montrabel, seigneur of Preuilly. They had five sons, Hugh le Brun (XI) [Count of La Marche and Angoulême], Guy (or Gui), Chev. [seigneur of Couhe, Cognac, Merpins, etc.], Geoffrey, Chev. [seigneur of Jarnac, Châteauneuf, Château-Larcher, etc.], William de Valence, Knt. [Lord (or Earl) of Pembroke], and Aymer [Bishop elect of Winchester], and four daughters, Agnes (wife of Goillaume de Chauvigiy, seigneur of Châteauroux), Alice (or Alix) (wife of John de Warenne, Knt., 7th Earl of Surrey [see WARENNE 9]), Isabelle (wife of Maurice IV de Craon), and Marguerite (wife successively of Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse [see ENGLAND 4.vii.a above], Amaury IX, Vicomte of Thouars, and Geoffroi V, seigneur of Châteaubriant). In 1224 Hugues de Lusignan defected to King Louis VIII of France during the Capetian invasion of Poitou, with Louis promising Isabel 2000 lives Parisis annually in return for her dower lands forfeit in England, and the annual revenues of Langeais near Tours in exchange for rights that she claimed as dower at Saumur in Anjou. In 1230 they entered into alliance with King Louis IX of France, who granted Isabel an annual pension of 5000 livres Tours in return for resignation of her dower rights she daimed in England, Normandy, and Anjou. In 1242 she and her husband, Hugues, rebelled against the French. In return for a pardon from King Louis IX, they were forced to relinquish the pensions paid to them since 1224 and to abandon their claim to Saintes. Isabel was subsequently implicated in a plot to poison King Louis IX and his brother, Alphonse, Count of Poitiers. Isabel, dowager Queen of England, Countess of La Marche and Angoulême, subsequently took refuge in Fontevrault Abbey, where she died testate 4 June 1246. She was initially buried in the common graveyard of the Abbey, but at her son, King Henry III's request, her remains were moved in 1254 to the choir of the Abbey Church. Hugues [X] de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Angoulême, went on crusade to Holy Land in 1248. He was mortally wounded at the capture of Damietta 6 June 1249. He left a will dated 8 August 1248.
      (* Note: In 1207 Isabel of Gloucester, former wife of King John, was lodged in Sherborne Castle [see Hardy Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum 1 (1833): 92; Hardy Rotali Iitterarum Patentium (1835): 77; C.P. 5 (1926): 689-692 (sub Gloucester)]. Early in 1214, she was in Bristol Castle, apparently closely guarded (ibid., p. 108b), and was brought thence to be given in marriage to Geoffrey de Mandeville [see Hardy Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum 1 (1833): 162b, 163b, 209b; Hardy Rotuli Litterarum Patentium' (1835): 109b; English Hist. Rev. 61(1946): 294, footnote 11. She married (2nd) 16/26 Jan. 1213/4 (as his 2nd wife) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Knt., Earl of Essex [see ESSEX 2.i], Constable of the Tower of London, 1213, joint Marshal of the Army of the Barons, 1215, and, in right of his wife, Earl of Gloucester [see Palgrave Antient Kalendars & Invs. of the Treasury of His Majesty's Exchequer 1 (1836): 90 (Isabel, wife of Geoffrey de Mandeville, styled "kinswoman" [cognatam] of King John; Luard Annales Monastici 2 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1865): 282 (Annals of Waverley sub A.D. 1215: "Obiit Gaufridus de Mandevilla comes de Essexia."); Doyle Official Baronage of England 1 (1886): 685 (sub Essex); Doyle Official Baronage of England 2 (1886): 12-13 (sub Gloucester); C.P. 5 (1926): 126-130 (sub Essex); Holt Magna Calla (1992): 206-2101. They had no issue. He died 23 Feb. 1215/6, and was buried in Trinity Priory within Aldgate Nee Luard Annales Monartici 2 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1865): 282 (Annals of Waverley sub A.D. 1215: "Obiit Gaufiidus de Mandevilla comes de Essexia.").]. Isabel married (3rd) c.17 Sept. 1217 (as his 2nd wife) Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent [see BARDOLF 8; SCOTLAND 4.iii]. They had no issue. Isabel, Countess of Gloucester and Essex, died 14 October 1217, and was buried in Canterbury Cathedral Church [see Luard Annales Monastici 2 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1865): 289 (Annales de Waverleia sub A.D. 1217: "Obiit Isabel comitissa Gloucestriæ"); Meyer Culture of Christendom (1993): 142 ( Canterbury Obituary Lists: "14 October [2 Id. Oct] Obierunt Ysabel comitissa Gouernie, soror et benefactrix nostra")]. Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, died 12 May 1243, and was buried in church of the Black Friars in Holborn [see Thorpe Florentii Wigorniensis Monachi Chronicon Ex Chronicle 2 (1849): 179 (sub 1243: "Hubertus de Burgo, comes Cantiæ, obiit III. id. Maii [13 Maii]"); English Hist. Rev. 19 (1904): 707-711; C.P. 7 (1929): 133-142 (sub Kent); English Hist. Rev. 50 (1935): 418-432]. See also Clark Land of Morgan (1883): 64-92; University of Toronto Deed Research Project, #00810076, 00810114, 00810140, 00810141, 00810142, 00810143, 00810144, 00810145, 00810146, 00810147, 00810150, 01400342 (charters of Isabel, Countess of Gloucester and Essex, dated variously 1214-1217) (available at http:// res.deeds_utoronto.ca:49838/research).)
      Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 49,81-87. Anselme Hist. de la Maison Royale de France 1 (1725): 474 (sub Courtenay); 3 (1728): 75-81 (sub Lezignem). Rymer Fædera 1(1) (1745): 41 ([Raoul] Vicomte of Beaumont styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by King John in 1202). Nichols Coll. of All the Wills (1780): 13-14 (will of King John). Rymer Fædera 1(1) (1816): 91 (Reynold, King of Man, styled "kinsman" by King John). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 315-321. Nicolas Testamenta Vetusta 1 (1826): 5 (will of King John). Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum 6(3) (1830): 1169. Hardy Rotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londiensi Asservati (1835): 71b (Queen Isabel of Angoulême styled "sister" [i.e., half-sister] to Pierre, Count of Joigny). Hardy Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Loncunensi asservad 1(1) (1837): 20-21 (Constance de Toeni daughter of Richard Vicomte de Beaumont styled "kinswoman" [consanguinee] by King John in charter dated 1199), 34 (Adam Simla [of Stapley (in Odiham), Hampshire] styled "kinsman" [cognato] by King John in charter dated 1200), 126 (Henr' de Puteaco [Henry du Puiset] styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by King John in charter dated 1204), 150 (Mary, Abbess of Shaftesbury styled "aunt" [amita] by King John in charter dated 1205). Fonteneau Tables des Manuscrits 1 (Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de l'Ouest 4) (1839): 195, 197, 202-205, 208, 211-213, 215, 217, 221, 224, 229, 230. Reiffenberg Monuments pour servir a l'Histoire des Provinces de Namur; de Hainaut et de Luxembourg 1 (1844): 324-325 (Philippe, Count of Namur, styled "kinsman" by John, lord of Ireland, Count of Mortain, in 1193). Hawley Regal Fam. of England (1851): 18-20. Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Charles 4th Ser. 2 (1856): 537-545. BuIL Son Arch. & Hist. de la Charente 2nd Ser. 1 (1856): 116-252. Wurstemberger Peter der Zweite, Graf von Savoyen, Markgraf in Italien 4 (1858): 8-12 (marriage contract dated 1173 between John, son of King Henry II, and Alice, daughter of Humbert, Count of Maurienne). Shirley Royal & Other Hist. Letters Ill. of King Henry III 1 (1862) (Rolls Ser. 27): 22-23, 32-34, 114-115, 536 (letters of Queen Isabel of Angoulême). Douet d'Arcq Coll. de Sceaux des Archives de l'Empire 1(1) (1863): 397-398 (seal of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224-Sceau equestre. Le comte à cheval, en costume de chasse, le cor au cou et tenant à la main un petit chien pose sur la croupe du cheval. Légende: * SIGILL' : HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : ENGOLISME; Revers. Ecu burelé. Le champ à arabesques. Légende: + SIGILL’ : HVGONIS : DE: LEZINIACO : COMITIS : MARCHIE.) Docs. Hist. sur l'Angorimois 1 (1864): 131-133 (charter of Hugues de Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and his wife, Isabel ["Hysabella'], Countess of La Marche and Angoulême, dated 1226). Button Chronica Monasterii de Melsa 1 (1866): 246 (sub A.D. 1189: "Post coronationem autem suam, rex Ricardus Johanni fratri suo, præter id quod ex dono paterno in Hibernia et Normannia habuerat, provincias Cornubiæ, Devoniæ, Notyngamiæ et Lancastriæ, contulit. Sed et filiam comitis Glovemiae, in tertio gradu consanguineam suam, cum integritate paterni juris, eidem copulavit."). Teulet Layettes du Trésor des Chartes 2 (1866): 38-39, 68, 121, 140, 175-176, 182-183, 241, 313, 453, 457, 476-477, 498-499, 513, 571-572, 574-576, 622-624. Delisle "Chronologie Hist. des Comtes de la Marche" (Bull. Société Archéologique et Hist. de la Charente) 4th Ser. 4 (1867): 3-16. Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 13 (1869): 309 (Ex Roberti Abbatis Appendice ad Sigebertum: "Anno MCLXVII (1167) Natus est Johannes filius Regis Anglorum"). Luard Annales Monastici 4 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1869): 407 (Annals of Worcester sub A.D. 1216 - "Johannes rex Angliæ obiit apud Newewerke in crastino Sancti Lucæ; et sepultus est in cathedrali ecclesia de Wygorniæ coram magnum altari inter Sanctos Oswaldum et Wistanum"). Duval Cartulaire de l'Abbaye royale de Notre-Dame des Châteluers (1872): 56 (charter of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1232), 80-81 (charters of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248), 82-85 (testament of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248). Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 18 (1879): 549 (Baldwin, Count of Flanders & Hainault (died 1205), styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by John, lord of Ireland, Count of Mortain [afterwards King John in 1196; see also Reiffenberg Monuments pour servir a l'Histoire des Provinces de Namur, de Hainaut et de Luxembourg 1 (1844): 323-324). Bain Cal. Docs. Rel. Scotland 1 (1881): 81-82 (Dunecanus de Karric [i.e., Duncan, Earl of Carrick] styled "our friend and cousin of Galloway" [amicus et consanguineus noster de Galweia] by King John in 1210) (see also Scots Peerage 2 (1905): 422-425 [sub Ancient Earls of Carrick]; Loengard Magna Carta & the England of King John (2010): 168-173). Demay Inv. des Sceaux de la Normandie (1881): 8 (equestrian seal of John, Earl of Mortain [Later King of England] dated about 1189 - casque à nasal à timbre arrondi, bouclier portant deux lions ? passant, étrivière en chainette. Counterseal: Intaille représentant une tête de nymphe ? à gauche). Clark Land of Morgan (1883): 64-92. Inventaire Sommaire des Archives departmentales antérieures à 1790: Haute Vienne, Serie H. Supp. (1884-7): 58 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1247). Doyle Official Baronage of England 1 (1886): 435 (sub Cornwall), 685 (sub Essex); 2 (1886): 11 (sub Gloucester), 308 (sub Lancaster). La Porta Les Gens de Quailté en Basse-Marche 1(2) (1886): 1-60 (Généalogie de Lusignan). Richard Chartes et Docs. pour servir a l'Hist. de l'Abbaye de Saint-Maixent (Archives Hist. du Poitou 18) (1886): 38-39, 45-46 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1221), 46-47 (charter of Hugues X le Brun dated 1222), 59-60 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1233), 65-66 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1235), 79-80 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1248). Roger de Wendover Flowers of Hist. 1 (Rolls Ser.) (1886): 173 ("Per idem tempus Johannes, frater regis, coram legato et episcopis gravem deposuit querelam, quod archiepiscopus, post appellationem ad sedem apostolicam factam, total terrram suam posuerat sub interdict°, quia filiam comitis Glovernin, in tertio gradu consanguineam suam, duxerat in uxorem ..."). Birch Cat. Seals in the British Museum 1 (1887): 15 (seal of King John - Obverse. King enthroned; open crown; sword, and orb ensigned with ornamental cross; draped with loose dress and girdle; throne with cushion and footboard. Legend: + IOHANNES : DEI : GRA[CjIA : REX : ANGLIE : DOMINVS : HIBERNIE. Reverse: King on a horse to the right; hauberk of mail, with surcoat, flat helmet, broad sword, goad spear, and shield of arms of ENGLAND suspended close to his body. Legend: IOH'S : : DVX : NORMANNIE : ET : AQVITANNIE [:ET:] COMES ANDEG[AVIE].). Round Ancient Charters Royal & Private Prior to A.D. 1200 (Pipe Roll Soc. 10) (1888): 110-111 (charter of John, Count of Mortain, later King John). Broussillon Maison de Craon, 1050-1480 1(1893): 173-177 (seal of Hugues X de Lusignan: au centre, le comte à cheval, en costume de chasse, tête nue. le cor suspendu au cou et tenant de la main gauche un chien posé sur la croupe du cheval; celui-ci galope, son harnachement est bien détaillé. Legend: + SIGILL. : HVGONIS : DE LEZINIACO : COMITIS ENGOLISME. Le contre-sceau est de la même grandeur. L'écu triangulaire remplit le champ orné d'arabesques très finement gravées; II porte un burelé de dix-huit pieces: + SIGIL. : HVGONIS : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : MARCHIE.), 177-178 (seal of Isabel of Angoulême: C'est le numéro 10,010 des Archives; l'empreinte de encore appendue à la charte de mars 1227 publiée in extenso sous le numero 1924 des Layettes du Trésor des Chartes et par laquelle la reine, devenue l'epouse de Hugues X, dent le roi de France quitte de tout ce qu'elle pouvait reclamer pour son douaire. Le sceau represente la reine debout at couronnée, avec in légende: YSABEL DI GR... REGIN ANGLIE DN ...ERNIE. Au revers la légende porte: [IS]ABEL DUCISSA NORM …OR AQ...MANDEGAVORUM.). Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 23 (1894): 472 (Ex Obituariis Lirensis Monasterii: Ysabellis, mater regis Henrici 1111 Angliæ."), 474 (Ex Obituariis Lirensis Monasterii: "18 October. Johannes, rex Anglorum."), 578 (Notæ Monasterii Montis Sancti Michaelis: "4 Jun. [Obiit] Isabel quondam regina Anglorum, mater Henrici regis."), 580 (Nom Monasterii Montis Sancti Michaelis: "18 Oct. [Oblit] Johannes, rex Anglorum."). Genealogist n.s. 13 (1896): 98. Wyckoff Feudal Relations Between the Kings of England & Scotland Under the
      Early Plantagenets (1897): 110, footnote 2 (Alan [Fitz Roland, lord] of Galloway styled "faithful cousin" by King John of England in 1212, cites Bain Cal. Docs. Rel Scotland 1 (1881)). Round Cal. Docs. Preserved in France 1 (1899): 473 (André de Chauvigny styled "kinsman" by Eleanor [of Aquitaine], Queen of England, and her son, King John, in letter dated 1199), 495 (Baldwin, Count of Flanders and Hainault, and his brother, Philippe, Count of Namur, both styled "cousin" by John, Count of Mortain [afterwards King John of England] in 1196). Desc. Cat. Ancient Deeds 4 (1902): 69 (grant by "John, count of Moretain, brother of the King" dated 1198). C.Ch.R. 1 (1903): 393 (Ayquelm-Guilhem, lord of Lesparre [Gironde], styled "kinsman" [cogriato] by King John in charter dated 1202). Genealogist n.s. 21 (1905): 78-82. Métais Chartes Vendômoises (1910): 163 (Louis, Count of Blois & Clermont, styled "nephew" [nepos] by John, Count of Mortain [afterwards King John of England] in 1193). D.N.B. 10 (1908): 500-501 (biog. of Isabella of Angoulême: "... a beautiful and mischievious woman... hated by both English and Poitevins; John's marriage with her led to the loss of nearly all his continental possessions"), 839-854 (biog. of John, king of England: "... All the vices of his house appear in his character unredeemed by any greatness. He was mean, false, vindictive, and abominably cruel… greedy and extravagant... He had a violent temper, and a stubborn disposition… at heart a coward... self-indulgent and scandalously immoral"). Clark Cartæ et Alia Munimenta de Glamorgancia 5 (1910): 1785-1786. English Hist. Rev. 27 (1912): 106-117 (William the Lion, King of Scots styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by King John in 1207); 61 (1946): 289-314; 63 (1948): 83-89; 65 (1950): 360-371; 67 (1952): 233-235. C.P. 3 (1913): 429 (sub Cornwall); 5 (1926): 689-692 (sub Gloucester); 12(1) (1953): 768, footnote j (Constance de Beaumont, wife of Roger IV de Tony, styled "kinswoman"). Arch. Aeliana 3rd Ser. 17 (1920): 265, 282-286 (seal of King John bore two lions passant). Pertz Chronica ævi Suevici (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 23) (1874): 874 (Chron. of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines: "que domna Petro de Cortenaio, regis Philippi patruo, peperit comitem Petrum Comitem Autissiodorensem et Robertum de Cortenaio et quendam Guilelmum et sorores comm. Una Alaydis comiti Guilelmo Ioviniaci peperit comitem Petrum, et post Engolismensi comiti peperit Isabellam modernam Anglie reginam ..."). Ede Cathedral Church of Christ & the Blessed Virgin Mary of Worcester (1925): 31-38. Thomas Cartulaire des Comtes de la Marche et d'Angoulême (1934). Landon Itinerary of King Richard I (Pipe Roll Soc. n.s. 13) (1935): 3-4. Painter Reign of King John (1949): 238 ("... cruel, lecherous, and deceitful… his mind was always seething with jealousy and suspicion"). Snellgrove Lusignans in England (1950). Speculum 30 (1955): 374-384. Metropolitan Museum of Art Bull n.s. 18(1) (1959): 18-27. Sanders English Baronies (1960): 14. Archives 5 (1961): 88-89. Warren King John (1961). VCH Wiltshire 6 (1962): 8-9. Coat ofArms 7 (1962): 18-24 (arms of John as Lord of Ireland: Two lions passant; arms of John as King: Three lions passant guardant in pale); n.s. 5 (1983): 153-156. Holt King John (1963). Archivum Heraldicum 79 (1965): 19-23. Barrow Robert Bruce & Scotland (1965): 36. Cuttino Gascon Reg. A 2(1975): 499 (letters of Hugh X de Lusignan dated 1227), 509 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224), 510. Paget Lineage & Anc. of Prince Charles 1 (1977): 15-17. London Cartulary of Bradenstoke Priory (Wiltshire Rec. Soc. 35) (1979): 191 (charter dated 1189/99 of Isabel, Countess of Gloucester and Mortain, 1st wife of King John). Adams Select Cases from Eccl. Courts of Canterbury (Selden Soc. 95) (1981): 106,112 (Sylvius de Cresto [Crofto], clerk, styled "king's kinsman" in 1202). Debord Cartulaire de Saint-Amand-de-Boixe (1982): 271-272 (charters of Hugh de Lusignan and his wife, Isabel, Queen of England, dated 1224 and 1225), 300. Recueil des Docs. de l’Abbaye de Fontaine-le-Comte (Société des Archives Historiques du Poitou 61) (1982): 64, 82 (will of Hugues [X] de Lusignan), 87 (another will of Hugues [X] de Lusignan). Sayers Papal Government & England during the Pontificate of Honorius 111 (1216-1227) (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life & Thought 3rd Ser. 21) (1984): 232. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 2 (1984): 83 (sub England), 190 (sub Savoy); 3(2) (1983): 354; n.s. 3(4) (1989): 816 (sub Lusignan), 725 (sub Preuilly), 774 (sub Brosse), 818 (sub Angoulême). Fryde Handbook of British Chron. (1986): 37. Williamson Kings & Queens of England (1991): 66-67 (biog. of John Lackland: "... has always been regarded as the archetype 'bad' king; yet he had some redeeming features... his good looks and charm induced many of those he wronged to forgive him... [he] grew up a dandy, gourmet, and womanizer, dedicated to a sybaritic existence and entirely unprincipled... [his] personality was a complex one... He was cruel and avaricious, but possessed a sense of humor and could occasionally show acts of mercy and generosity"), 67-68 (biog. of Isabella of Angoulême). Turner King John (1994). Mortimer Angevin England 1154-1258 (1994). Church King John: New Interpretations (1999): 165-220 (pg. 184 author states that King John rewarded Reginald [or Renaud], prévôt de Chartres, a kinsman of his mother-in-law, Countess Alice, in August 1201). Sayers Original Papal Docs. in England & Wales (1999): 44. Nottingham Medieval Studies 44 (2000): 82-103. Van Kerrebrouck Les Capétians 987-1328 (2000): 452-456. Wheeler Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord & Lady (2003): 159-175 (revises previously accepted birth date of King John). Seel King John: An Underrated King (2012).
      Children of John of England, by Isabel of Angoulême:
      i. HENRY III OF ENGLAND [see next].
      ii. RICHARD OF ENGLAND, Knt., Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, King of the Romans (or King of Almain), married (1st) ISABEL MARSHAL [see CORNWALL 6]; (2nd) SANCHE (or SANCHIA) OF PROVENCE [see CORNWALL 6]; (3rd) BEATRICE DE FALKENBURG [see CORNWALL 6].
      iii. JOAN OF ENGLAND, married ALEXANDER II, King of Scots [see SCOTLAND 5].
      iv. ISABEL OF ENGLAND, born at Gloucester in 1214 (aged 21 in 1235). She married at Worms 15, 20, or 25 July 1235 (as his 4th wife) FRIEDRICH (or FREDERICK) II, King of the Romans, 1212-20, Holy Roman Emperor, 1220-50, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, Duke of Apulia, Prince of Capua, son and heir of Heinrich VI, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Sicily, by Constance, daughter of Roger II, King of Sicily. He was born at Jesi 26 Dec. 1194. They had two children (see below). His wife, Empress Isabel, died in childbirth at Foggia 1 Dec. 1241, and was buried at Andria Cathedral. On 30 April 1242 King Henry III of England paid Brother John, his almoner, £208 6s. 8d. to feed the poor for the soul of the Empress, formerly his sister. Emperor FREDERICK II died at Fiorentino Castle in Lucera 13 Dec. 1250, and was buried at Monreale in Palermo. He left a will dated 10 Dec. 1250. Sandford Gen. Hist. of the Kings of England (1677): 87-88. Neugart Codex diplomaticus Alemanniæ et Burgundiæ Trans-Ivranæ 2 (1795): 133-135 ([Berthold] Margrave of Ronsberg styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Friedrich II, King of the Romans and King of Sicily, in 1213). Rymer Fædera 1 (1816): 220, 225-227. Devon Issues of the Exchequer (1837): 19. Huillard-Bréholles Grande Chron. de Matthieu Paris 8 (1840): 491-499. Pertz Chronica et Annales avi Salici (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 9) (1851): 786 (Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses sub A.D. 1235: "Imperator colloquim in Augusta celebrans, multos malefactores Bawarie et castxa proscripsit, et filiam regis Anglie uxorem duxit ..."), 787 (Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses sub A.D. 1241: "Imperatrix defuncta est, soror regis Anglie."), 791 (Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses sub A.D. 1250: "Imperator in Apulia positus °Nit."). Hawley Royal Fam. of England (1851): 19-20. Giles Matthew Paris's English Hist.: From the Year 1235 to 1273 1 (1852): 392-393 (letter of Emperor Friedrich II to King Henry III of England dated 30 Jan. 1242, reporting the death of his wife, Empress Isabel, the king's sister, which Isabel was survived by two children who are not named that she would live to us and you in the memory of her two children."]). Huillard-Bréholles Hist. Dolomatica Friderica Secundi 1(1) (1852): 62-63 (Adelasia, late Countess, styled “kinswoman" [consanguinea] by Friedrich, King of Sicily, in 1200), 221-223 (Friedrich, Duke of Lorraine, styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1212), 251-252 (Friedrich, late Duke of Rotenburg, styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Friedrich, King of the Romans and of Sicily, in 1213), 249-251 (Friedrich, Bishop of Tridentinum styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by Friedrich, King of the Romans, in 1213), 263-265 (Margrave of Ruomesperch styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Friedrich, King of the Romans, in 1213); 3 (1852): 22-23 (Hermann, son of the late Ludwig, Landgrave of Thuringia, Count Palatine of Saxony, styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1227), 37-48 (Otto of Saxony [former Emperor Otto IV] styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1227), 57-60 (Otto [IV], late Emperor, styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1228); 4(1) (1854): 380 (Raymond Berenger, Count and Marquis of Provence, styled "kinsman" [affinis] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1232), 515-516, 522-524, 541-542; 4(2) (1855): 754-757 (Otto de Luneburg styled "kinsman" [consanguineum] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1235), 799-802 (instances of Raymond, Count of Toulouse, styled "kinsman" [affini/affinis] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1235); 5(1) (1857): 113-114 (G. Gonfanonerio "civi Brixie" styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1237), 370-371 ((Fernando III], King of Castile, styled "kinsman" [affinis] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1239), 380-382 (Bonifacio [II], Marquis of Monferrato, styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1239), 536-537 (Berthold [IV], Margrave of Hohenburg, styled "kinsman" [consanguineo] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1239), 541-543 (Raymond, Count of Toulouse, styled "kinsman" [affinis] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1239); 5(2) (1859): 1096-1097 (Berthold [LV], Margrave of Hohenburg, styled "kinsman" [consanguinei] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1241); Preface & Introduction (1859): ccxxxii (Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia, styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1243); 6(2) (1861): 555-557, 569-571 (instances of A[madeo], Count of Savoy styled "kinsman" [affinis/consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1247), 658-660 (Thomas, Count of Savoy, styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1248), 666-667 ([Guigues], Dauphin de Viennois, styled "kinsman" [consanguinei] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1248), 669-670 (B[erthold IV], Margrave of Hohenburg, styled "kinsman" [consanguineus] by Emperor Friedrich II in 1248), 670-672 (charter of Emperor Friedrich II dated 1248 witnessed by Manfred, Marquis of Lancia, who is styled "our beloved kinsman" [dilectus affinis noster]), 805-810 (will of Emperor Friedrich II dated 1250), 906 (Isabel [of England] "late Empress" styled "sister" [sororis] by King Henry III of England in 1243), 907 (Emperor Friedrich II styled "brother-in-law" [sororio] by King Henry III of England in 1243). Green Lives of the Princesses of England 2 (1857): 1-48 (biog. of Isabel of England: "As far as can be traced, her leading characteristics appear to have been gentleness and beauty."). Pertz Annales avi Suevici (Monuments Germaniæ Historica, Scriptures 16) (1859): 30 (Annales Ephordenses sub A.D. 1235: "Itaque 17 Kalend. Augusti [16 July] imperator sororem regis Anglie ibidem Wormatie imperiali matrimonio sibi sollempniter copulavit"), 362 (Annales Stadenses sub A.D. 1235: "Imperator duxit sororem regise Angliæ et medio Augusto curiam Moguntiæ celebravit."). Archivio Storico Italiano n.s. 13(1) (1861): 78-83. Kingston Hist. of Frederick the Second Emperor of the Romans (1862). Ennen & Eckertz Quellen zur Geschichte tier Stadt Köln 1 (1863): 159-162, 165. Schirrmacher Kaiser Friderich der Zweite (1864): 558-563. Pertz Annales ævi Suevici (Monuments Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 19) (1866): 373 (Ryccardus de S. Germano sub A.D. 1235: "Mense Iulii imperator filia regis Anglie duxit uxorem, quam apud Guarmaciam magnifice desponsavit."), 374 (Ryccardus de S. Germano sub A.D. 1237: "Mense Februarii littere imperialis lecte sunt in Sancto Germano de captione Vincentie, et de nova imperatoris prole feminea de nova consorte suscepta."), 382 (Ryccardus de S. Germano sub A.D. 1241: "Mense Decembris imperatrix aput Fogiam obiit, et aput Andriam sepelitur."), 497 (Annales Siculi sub A.D. 1235: "none indictionis domnus imperator Fredericus secundus accepit uxorem sororem regis Angliæ."), 698 Canonici Sambiensis Annales sub A.D. 1235: "Federicus imperator duxit filiam regis Angliæ in uxorem."). Shirley Royal & Other Hist. Letters Ill. of King Henry III 2 (Rolls Ser. 27) (1866): 8-10 (instances of Emperor Frederick styled "brother" [fratri] by King Henry III of England), 25-29. Teulet Layettes du Trésor des Chartes 2 (1866): 300-302, 537 (instances of Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, styled "dilectus affinis et fidelis nostri" by Emperor Frederick II in 1235 and 1244). Luard Annales Monastici 4 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1869): 99 (Annals of Oseney sub A.D. 1250 - "Obiit Fredericus imperator Alemanniæ."). Wright Feudal Manuals of English Hist. (1872). Demay Inv. des Sceaux de la Flandre 1 (1873): 4-5 (seals of Frederick II). Pertz Chronica avi Suevici (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 23) (1874): 949 (sub A.D. 1241: "Comes Richardus reversus est, cuius soror imperatrix paulo post mortua est, tribus, ut dicitur, liberis relictis."). George Gen. Tables Ill. of Modern Hist. (1875): Table XIII (The Saxon, Franconian, and Hohenstaufen Imperial Houses), Table XIX (The House of Wettin in Thuringia and Saxony). Waltz Annales ævi Suevici (Supp. XVI et XVII). Gesta sæc. XII, XIII. (Supp. tomorom XX-XXIII) (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 24) (1879): 219 (Chronica Pontificum et Imperatorum Mantuana: "[Emperor Friedrich II:] Prima eius uxor domina Constantia, filia regis Aragonum, fuit; ex qua genuit regem Henricum. Qua defuncta, conscilio domini pape Honorii et cardinalium dominam Ysabellam, filiam Iohannis regis Ierosolimitani, una cum eodem regno accepit; de qua Conradum, qui rex Romanorum electus fuit et heres Ierusalem, genuit. Qua etiam defuncta, alteram dominam Ysabellam, filiam regis Anglie, accepit; de qua filium et filiam suscepit."), 366, 403. Waltz Gesta sæc. XIII. (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 25) (1880): 134 (Gesta Episcoporum Leodiensium Abbreviata: "Anno Domini 1235. imperator ducit filiam regis Anglie et magnam curiam in Wormatia tenet"), 700 (Sifridi de Balnhusin Compendium Historiarum: "[Friedrich II] - Ipse plures filios habuit, quos reges constituit super diversa regna, videlicet Conradum, Meinfridum et alios, et filiam Margaretam, de quibus dicetur infra."). Böhmer Regesta Archioiscoporum Maguntinensium. Regesten zur Geschichte der Mainzer Erzbischöfe 2 (1883): 238. Archives de l'Orient Latin 2 (1884): 150-153 (charters of Emperor Friedrich II dated at Acre 1228), 166-167 (charter of Emperor Friedrich II dated at Acre 1229), 199 (letter of Friedrich II to the Sicilians dated at Nocera 1246). Röhricht Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (1893). Delaville le Roulx Carlulaire General de l'Ordre des Hospitaliers de S. Jean de Jérusalem 2 (1897): 59-60, 86, 110-111, 114, 138-139, 173-174, 177-178, 183, 191-192, 282-283, 312, 329, 356-357, 410-411, 567-568, 605-606. Carlo Troia, vita pubblica e privata, studi opere (1899): lxv-lxxii. Holder-Egger Monumenta Erphesfurtensia Sæc. XII, XIII, XIV. (Monumenta Germania Historica, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum 42) (1899): 90 (Annales Erphord, Fratrum Prædicatorum sub A.D. 1235: "Itaque XVII. Kal. Augusti [16 July] imperator sororem regis Anglie ibidem Wormatie imperiali matrimonio sibi sollemniter copulavit."). C.P.R. 1232-1247 (1906): 219 (F[rederick], emperor of the Romans, styled "king's brother" by King Henry III of England). Bloch Annales marbacenses qui dicuntur (Scriptores rerum Germanicarum 9) (1907): 97 (sub A.D. 1235: Transacta curia imperator apud Wormatiam celebravit nuptias cum sorore regis Anglie, quam sibi adduxerat archiepiscopus Coloniensis et alii magnates."). D.N.B. 10 (1908): 499-500 (biog. of Isabella: "... a very winning as well as beautiful woman"... lamented in death by Matthew Paris as the "glory and hope of England"). Lane Royal Daughters of England 1 (1910): 97-106. Cal. Liberate Rolls 1 (1916): 269, 275 (instances of Isabel styled "Empress of Almain"). Wall Handbook of the Maude Roll (1919) unpaginated (ped. dated c.1461-85: "Isabella imperatrix uxor Frederici"). Einstein Emperor Frederick 11 (1949). Kantorowicz Frederick the Second 1194-1250 (1957). Coat of Arms 7 (1962): 94. Tremlett et al. Rolls of Arms Henry III (H.S.P. 113-4) (1967): 64 (arms of Frederick II: Or, a double eagle sable). Van Cleve the Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (1972). Treharne & Sanders Docs. of the Baronial Movement of Reform & Rebellion 1258-1267 (Oxford Medieval Texts) (1973): 194-195. Decker-Hauff "Das staufische Haus" in Die Zeit der Staufer: Geschichte - Kunst - Kultur 3 (1977): 358-359, 366. Camden Misc. 27 (Camden Soc. 40 Ser. 22) (1979): 1-47. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 1 (1980): 42 (sub Wettin); 1(1) (1998): 15 (sub Staufer); 2 (1984): 83 (sub England). Kantorowicz Kaiser Friedrich 11 (1985-1986). Abulafia Frederick II (1988). Jones & Vale England & Her Neighbours 1066-1453: Essays in Honour of Pierre Chaplais 1989): 48. Sayer Original Papal Docs. in England & Wales (1198-1304) (1999): 90. Stürner Friedrich II (1992-2000). Crawford Templar of Tyre': Pt. III of the 'Deeds of the Cypriots' (Crusade Texts in Translation 6) 2003). Zimmermann Thomas Ebendoer, Chronica Regum Romanorum 2 (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum n.s. 18(2)) (2003): 767-768. Online resources: www.maltagenealogy.com/libro%20d'Oro/nobilityA.htm; www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/deutschland_koenige_2/isabella_deutsche_koenigin_1241_plantagenet_staufer/isabella_von_england_deutsche_koenigin_+_1241.html.
      Children of Isabel of England, by Emperor Frederick (or Friedrich) II:
      a. MARGARETHA OF HOHENSTAUFEN, born in Feb. 1237. She married before Feb. 1254 (by contract dated 1245) (as his 1st wife) ALBRECHT II OF MEISSEN (nicknamed "The Degenerate”), Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringen, son and heir of Heinrich, Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringen, by his 1st wife, Constanze, daughter of Leopold VI, Duke of Austria and Styria. He was born in 1240. They had three sons, Heinrich, Friedrich (I) [Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringen], and Dietrich (or Dietzmann), and two daughters, Margaretha and Agnes (wife of Heinrich I, Duke of Braunschweig-Grübenhagen). In 1262 his father made a division of his territories, by which Thuringen and the Saxon palatinate were allotted to Albrecht. In consequence of this arrangement, Albrecht was called Landgrave of Thuringen until the death of his father in 1288, and under this title, he is more frequrntly mentioned in history than under that of Margrave of Meissen. He distinguished himself early by valour and military skill in the war of succession in which his father was involved for his lands in Thiiringen. His wife, Margaretha, died at Frankfurt 8 August 1270, and was buried in Frankfurt. ALBRECHT II, Landgrave of Thuringen, died at Erfurt 13 Nov. 1315. Descendants include Erik of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway [see LANCASTER 9.vii] and the later Electors and Kings of Saxony. Huillard-Bréholles Grande Chron. de Matthieu Paris 8 (1840): 491-499. Biog. Dict. of the Soc. for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge 1(2) (1842): 737-738 (biog. of Albrecht the Degenerate (Degener), landgrave of Thüringen). Green Lives of the Princesses of England 2 (1857): 46, footn