Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

Eleanor of England

Female 1215 - 1275  (60 years)


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  • Name Eleanor of England 
    Born 1215  Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 13 Apr 1275  Convent of the Sisters of Saint-Dominique, Montargis, Loiret, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6697  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 27 May 2021 

    Father John "Lackland" of England,   b. Abt 27 Dec 1166, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years) 
    Mother Isabel of Angoulême,   b. 1188,   d. 4 Jun 1246, Fontevrault-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Aug 1200  Bordeaux, , France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2950  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family William Marshal,   b. Abt 1190, , Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1231  (Age ~ 41 years) 
    Married 23 Apr 1224 
    Last Modified 28 May 2021 
    Family ID F2949  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      "JOHN OF ENGLAND (nicknamed Lackland), King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, ...
      Children of John of England, by Isabel of Angoulême...
      v. ELEANOR OF ENGLAND, married (1st) WILLIAM MARSHAL, Knt., 5th Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal [see MARSHAL 3.i]; (2nd) SIMON DE MONTFORT, Knt., Earl of Leicester [see LEICESTER 10].
      Illegitimate child of John of England, when a single man, by a mistress, CLEMENCE ___, an unmarried woman [see Luard Annales Monastici 1 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1864): 101 (Tewkesbury Annals sub 1234: "Obiit Johanna domina Walliæ, uxor Lewelini, filia regis Johannis et reginæ Clemenciæ, in. kal. Aprilis [30 March]; unpublished Register of Honorius III [Reg. Vat. 13, fol. 122])*:
      (* Note: The identity of Clemence, mother of King John's illegitimate daughter, Joan, is presently unknown. She is perhaps the same person as Clemence le Boteler, wife of Nicholas de Verdun, Knt (died 1231), of Brandon (in Wolston), Warwickshire, Alton, Staffordshire, etc. In 1228 Nicholas and his wife, Clemence, were granted custody of the king's niece, Susanna, daughter of Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales, and his wife, Joan [see C.P.R. 1225-1232 (1903): 230; VCH Warwick 6 (1951): 273-280; Hagger Fortunes of a Norman Fam. (2001): 16 (chart), 68-69, 761. If Clemence was Susanna's grandmother, it would explain her inclusion in the grant of Susanna's custody. Regardless, stronger evidence is needed before any firm conclusion can be drawn about a possible relationship between these families.) ..."

      2. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “WILLIAM MARSHAL, Knt., hereditary Marshal of England, Sheriff of Gloucestershire...
      Children of William Marshal, Knt., by Isabel de Clare:
      i. WILLIAM MARSHAL, Knt., 5th Earl of Pembroke, hereditary Master Marshal, hereditary Steward of Leinster, of Hampstead Marshall, Berkshire, Silchester, Hampshire, Hinxworth, Hertfordshire, Great Bedwyn, Wexcombe (in Great Bedwyn), and Wootton Rivers, Wiltshire, etc., joint Warden of Bamborough Castle, 1212, Constable (or Keeper) of Caerleon, Carmarthen, Cardigan, Ludgarshall, and Marlborough Castles, Receiver of the Exchange of all of England, 1217-21, Justiciar of Ireland, 1224-6, son and heir, born about 1190, in Normandy. In 1205 his father gave him to King John as a hostage for his loyalty; he was released in 1212. He married (1st) in 1214 ALICE DE BETHUNE, daughter of Baldwin de Bethune, Count of Aumale, by Hawise, daughter of William, Count of Aumale. They had no issue. Her dowry included the manor of Wantage, Berkshire. He joined the baronial opposition, and in Feb. 1214/5 he was present at the meeting of the barons at Stamford. In June he was elected one of the 25 Barons to ensure the execution of the provisions of Magna Carta. He was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope 11 Dec. 1215. His wife, Alice, was living Sept. 1215. She died probably about 1216, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, London. In the period, 1215-19, he confirmed the legacy left by his former wife, Alice de Bethun, of 100s. from her manor of Luton, Bedfordshire to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, London for the foundation of a chantry in the church of St. Paul's. In the same period, he also gave a rent of 20s. from his mill at Brache (in Luton), Bedfordshire to the church of St. Paul, London for the celebration of the obit of his wife, and for a light for her tomb. In April 1216 he had letters of safe conduct to go to his father. In May 1216 he was one of the Barons who joined Louis of France and did homage to him. In July 1216 he seized Worcester for Louis, but retreated when the Earl of Chester approached. In the autumn he deserted Louis and retired to Wales. In March 1216/7 he joined William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury in a revolt at Rye against Louis, who was only saved by the arrival of a French fleet. With Salisbury he besieged and took the Castles of Winchester and Southampton, after which he besieged and captured Marlborough Castle. He fought at the Battle of Lincoln 20 May 1217. In May 1219 he succeeded his father in the Earldom and estates, but he ceded the Norman lands to his brother Richard 20 May 1220. In 1223 he sailed from Ireland with a large force to fight the Welsh, recaputured his castles, defeated Llywelyn and compelled him to come to terms. He married (2nd) by betrothal dated 23 April 1224 ELEANOR OF ENGLAND, daughter of John, King of England, by his 2nd wife, Isabel, daughter and heiress of Ademar (or Aimar) III Taillefer, Count of Angoulême [see ENGLAND 5 for her ancestry]. She was born at Gloucester in 1215. Her maritagium included the manors of Brabourne and Sutton, Kent. They had no issue. In 1224 he wrote Hubert de Burgh the justiciar requesting justice for John Marshal his kinsman. Sometime before 1224 he enfeoffed Fulk Fitz Warin with the manor of Wantage, Berkshire. He was appointed one of the executors in the 1225 will of William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury. He was appointed joint Ambassador to France in 1225 and joint Ambassador to the German Congress at Antwerp in 1227. In 1229 Roger de Dauntsey, Knt., and his wife, Maud de Mandeville, Countess of Essex and Hereford, sold him one moiety of the manor of Long Compton, Warwickshire, except the capital messuage. In 1230 he accompanied the king on his fruitless march to Bordeaux. He founded the house of Friars Preachers at Kilkenny, and was a benefactor to the abbeys of Tintern and Mottisfont, the priory of Inistioge, St. Paul's Cathedral, and the hospital of St. Mary Rounceval. SIR WILLIAM MARSHALL, 5th Earl of Pembroke, died 6 April 1231, and was buried 15 April 1231 in the Temple Church, London. His widow, Eleanor, married (2nd) in the King's chapel at Westminster 7 Jan. 1237/8 SIMON DE MONTFORT, Knt., Earl of Leicester, High Steward of England, Governor of Gascony [see LEICESTER 10], 3rd son of Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, seigneur of Montfort, by Alice, daughter of Bouchard de Montmorency, seigneur of Montmorency, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Heronville, and Ecouen. He was born about 1208. They had five sons, Henry, Knt., Simon, Knt., Amaury (clerk), Guy [Count of Nola], and Richard, and two daughters, including Eleanor (wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales, lord of Snowdon). In 1229 his older brother, Amaury de Montfort, surrendered to him all their father's inheritance in England. In August 1231 King Henry III restored him in his father's lands in England. In 1236 he served as High Steward at Queen Eleanor's coronation. In 1240 he embarked on a Crusade to the Holy Land and returned to Europe in Spring 1242. He took part in King Henry III's unsuccessful expedition to Poitou in 1242. In 1253 he and his wife, Eleanor, were granted Kenilworth castle, Warwickshire, and the manor of Odiham, Hampshire for life. In 1254 he was sent to Scotland on a secret mission for the king. In 1263 Parliament denounced the king as "false to his oath" and declared war on all violators of the "Provisions." In July 1263 Earl Simon and the barons entered London, where he made the king ratify his concessions. In 1264 a decisive battle was fought at Lewes, where the King and his son Edward were captured. Simon subsequently carried on the government under the King's name and seal, including the summoning of a Parliament in London in Jan. 1265. SIR SIMON DE MONTFORT, Earl of Leicester, was slain at the Battle of Evesham 4 August 1265, and was buried at Evesham Abbey. His tomb at Evesham at once became a shrine at which miracles were wrought. He left a will dated 1 Jan. 1259. His widow, Eleanor, went into exile about Nov. 1265. She retired to the convent of the sisters of Saint-Dominique near Montargis in France, where she died testate 13 April 1275. Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum 5 (1825): 267-269 (charter of William Marshal, Marshal of England, Earl of Pembroke); 6(2) (1830): 843 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, dated 1206; charter names his wife, Eleanor). Bentley Excetpta Historica (1833): 341-343 (will of William Longespée). Addison Temple Church (1843): 103-119. Lipscomb Hist. & Antiqs. of Buckingham 1 (1847): 200-201 (Clare ped.). Arch. Cambrensis 3rd Ser. 8 (1862): 278 (Chronicle of the 13th Cent.: "mccxxiiijo. [A.D. 1224] - Sororem Henrici Regis nupsit Willielmus Marescallus."), 278 (Chron. of the 13th Cent.: "mccxxxo. [A.D. 1230] - Obierunt Willielmus junior Comes de Pembroc."). Shirley Royal & Other Historical Letters illustrative of the Reign of King Henry III 1 (1862) (Rolls Ser. 27): 47-48, 70-71, 143-145, 150, 170-171, 175-176, 178-179, 222, 369, 500-503 (letters of William le Marshal, Earl of Pembroke). Gilbert Chartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey, Dublin 2 (Rolls Ser. 80) (1884): 315 (Annals of Ireland sub A.D. 1231: "Obiit Willelmus Mareshallus, junior, Comes Mareschallus et Pembrochie, qui sepelitur in choro Fratrum Predicatorum Kylkennie."). Gilbert Reg. of the Abbey of St. Thomas, Dublin ((Rolls Ser.) (1889): 118-119 (confirmation charter charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated c.1219-31, names Basilia, daughter of Earl Gilbert; charter witnessed by John Marshal), 137 & 357 (confirmation charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke). Owen Desc. of Penbrokshire (Cymmrodorion Rec. Ser. 1) (1892): 16-25. Wrottesley Peds. from the Plea Rolls (1905): 100. C.P.R. 1232-1247 (1906): 125-126. VCH Hampshire 4 (1911): 51-56, 608-609. Phillimore Rotuli Hugonis de Welles, Episcopi Lincolniensis 1209-1235 3 (Lincoln Rec. Soc. 9) (1914): 6-7. Fowler Cal. of Feet of Fines for Bedfordshire (Pubs Bedfordshire Hist. Soc. 6 (1919): 66. Fowler & Hughes Cal. of the Pipe Rolls of the Reign of Richard I for Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, 1189-1199 (Pubs. Bedfordshire Hist. Rec. Soc. 7) (1923): 210 (chart). VCH Berkshire 4 (1924): 178-183,321 (Marshal arms: Party or and vett a lion gules). G.H. Fowler 'The Disseisins by Falk de Breaute at Luton' in Pubs. Bedfordshire Hist. Rec. Soc. 9 (1925): 51-60, 183. C.P. 7 (1929): 543-547 (sub Leicester); 10 (1945): 365-368 (sub Pembroke). VCH Hertford 3 (1912): 232-240. Leys Sandford Cartulary 1 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 19) (1938): 99-100 (charter of John Fitz Hugh to John Marshal dated c.1217; charter witnessed by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Sir William the earl's son, and Sir Alan Basset); 9 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 22) (1941): 189-490 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated 1224-31; charter names his wife, Eleanor, and his father, William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke). Gibbs Early Charters of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul (Camden Soc. 3rd Ser. 58) (1939): 34-39, 92-93, 175-177 (charters of William Marshal, son of William Marshal Earl of Pembroke Willelmus Marescallus filius Willelmi Marescalli comitis Penbroch"). Leys Sandford Cartulary 2 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 22) (1941): 189-190 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated c.1224-31). Tremlett Rolls of Arms Henry Ill (H.S.P., vols. 113-114) (1967): 64 (arms of William Marshal: Party per pale or and vert, a lion rampant gules). Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 477. Curia Regis Rolls 18 (1999): 152, 161. VCH Wiltshire 16 (1999): 3-7, 8-49, 229-236. National Archives, SC 1/1/147 (available at www.catalogue.nationalarchives.gov.uk/search.asp)..."