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Eve of Leinster

Female - Aft 1194

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  • Name Eve of Leinster 
    Gender Female 
    Died Aft 1194 
    Buried Tintern Abbey, Tintern, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6693  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 27 May 2021 

    Father Dermot MacMurrough,   b. 1110, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1171, Ferns, County Wexford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Mother Mór ingen Muirchertaig 
    Family ID F2945  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Richard "Strongbow" Fitz Gilbert (de Clare),   b. Abt 1130,   d. Abt 20 Apr 1176  (Age ~ 46 years) 
    Married 26 Aug 1170  County Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Gilbert Fitz Richard,   b. Abt 1173,   d. From 1185 to 1189  (Age ~ 12 years)
     2. Isabel de Clare,   d. 7 Mar 1220
    Last Modified 28 May 2021 
    Family ID F2878  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
      1. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “RICHARD FITZ GILBERT (nicknamed Strongbow), 2nd Earl of Pembroke, Earl of Striguil, of Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Hinxworth, Hertfordshire, etc., seigneur of Bienfaite and Orbec (both in Normandy), Justiciar of Ireland, son and heir, born about 1130. On the accession of King Henry II in 1154, he refused to acknowledged Richard as earl and took the lordship of Pembroke into his own hands. In Autumn 1167 he came to an agreement with Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster; for the earl's assistance with an army, he could have Eve, Dermot's eldest daughter in marriage and the succession to Leinster. An army was assembled led by Raymond Fitz Gerald (also known as Raymond le Gros) that included Welsh archers; it captured the towns of Wexford, Waterford, and Dublin in 1169-70. Richard married at Waterford, Ireland about 26 August 1170 EVE OF LEINSTER daughter of Dermot MacMurrough (also called Diarmait MacMurchada), King of Leinster, by Mor, daughter of Muirchertach Ua Tuathail From 1172 onwards, he was styled Earl of Striguil. They had one son, Gilbert [Earl of Pembroke], and one daughter, Isabel. In 1173 he played a critical role in Normandy in defending the castle of Gisors and recapturing Verneuil for the king. RICHARD FITZ GILBERT, 2nd Earl of Pembroke died about 20 April 1176, and was buried in the Church of the Holy Trinity [Christ Church], Dublin. His widow, Eve, was living in 1187. Sometime in the period, 1185-94, his widow, Eve, as "heres Regis Deremicii,"confirmed to John Comyn, Archbishop of Dublin, and his successors all of her earlier gifts. At her death, she was buried in Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire.
      Lipscomb Hist. & Antiqs. of Buckingham 1 (1847): 200-201 (Clare ped.). Jour. British Arch. Assoc. 10 (1855): 261-263 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Earl Gilbert to the monks of Usk; charter witnessed by Countess Isabel and Isabel her daughter, Ralph Bloet, and Walter Bloet). Eyton Court, Household, & Itinerary of King Henry 11 (1878): 16, 109, 118, 165-166, 172, 176, 196, 202. Gilbert Acct. of Facsimiles of National MSS of Ireland (1879): 72 (charter of Richard Fitz Gislebert dated c.1172). Gilbert Chartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey, Dublin 1 (Rolls Ser. 80) (1884): 78-79 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Earl Gilbert to St. Mary's Abbey; charter witnessed by Hervé de Montmorency and Walter Bluet), 79-81, 83-84 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Earl Gilbert to St. Mary's Abbey; charter witnessed by Walter Bluet and Richard Bluet); 2 (Rolls Ser. 80) (1884): 12, 274 (Annals sub A.D. 1177: "Comes Ricardus circa kal. julii apud Dubliniam obiit, et in ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis."), 304 (Annals of Ireland sub A.D. 1177: "Comes Ricardus, circa kalendas Maii, apud Dubliniam obiit; in ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis Dublinie sepelitur."). Owen Desc. of Penbrokshire (Cymmrodorion Rec. Ser. 1) (1892): 16-25. Arch. Jour. 2nd Ser. 6 (1899): 221-231. C.Ch.R. 2 (1906): 361 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Gilbert to Goldcliff Priory; charter witnessed by Isabel the earl's mother and Isabel his sister); 3 (1908): 96-97 (undated charter of Richard, Earl of Pembroke to Tintern Abbey, charter granted with the consent of his mother, Countess Isabel, and names his father, Earl Gilbert). VCH Hertford 3 (1912): 232-240. C.P. 10 (1945): Appendix H, 100-104 (sub Families of the First and Second Earls of Pembroke). Sanders English Baronies (1960): 110-111. TG 1 (1980): 4-27. Coat of Arms n.s. 10(1994): 322-328. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 161, 477. Tyerman Who's Who in Early Medieval England 1066-1272 (2001): 206-208 (biog. of Richard of Clare). Duffy Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia (2005): 733-737 (biog. of Richard Fitz Gilbert).
      Children of Richard Fitz Gilbert, by unknown wife or mistress,
      i. ___ DE CLARE, married ROBERT DE QUINCY, Constable of Leinster [see PRENDERGAST 5],
      ii. ALINE DE CLARE, married in 1174 WILLIAM FITZ MAURICE, Baron of Naas, co. Kildare. They had one son, William Fitz Maurice [Baron of Naas]. WILLIAM FITZ MAURICE died before c.September 1199. Jour. Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 5th Ser. 2 (1892): 194 ("William, the son of Maurice, is stated in the table to have married `Ala, daughter of Strongbow'; but the 'Conquest of Ireland' (Cal. Car. MSS., 296) has it - 'Also the Erie yawe Ellyn his sustir to Wyllam Moryces yldist sone."), chart facing pg. 358. Wright Hist. Works of Giraldus Cambrensis (1905): 183 (ped.), 259 (sub Conquest of Ireland: "Raymond also, to consolidate the union among the English, induced the earl to give his daughter Alina in marriage to William, the eldest son of Maurice Fitzgerald."). English Hist. Rev. 31 (1916): 489 ("William, son of Maurice, who according to Giraldus, married in 1174 Alina, daughter of Strongbow, seems to have died before 1199, when 'William de Naas' fined for an inquisition of mort d'ancestor against the abbot of Baltinglass. This was his son and successor, the third baron, who married Mahaut de Pont de l'Arche and died in 1227, when he was succeeded by his son David, the fourth baron."). Orpen Ireland under the Normans 4 (1920): 307-308 ("Addenda et Corrigenda to Volume I and II - Vol. p. 18; vol. ii, pp. 165, 246. William, son of William, Baron of Naas': - It was William, third Baron of Naas, son of William, the second baron, who married Matilda of Pont de l'Arche. She was widow of Philip de Braose. Close Roll, 11 Hen. III, pg. 199. This William Fitz William has been hitherto omitted in the received pedigrees, but in a review of the Gormanston Register (English Hist. Review, vol. xxxi (1916), pp. 488-9) I have established his position. His father, William, son of Maurice, who married Alma, daughter of Strongbow, was dead before c. September 1199 (Rot. de Obtalis, 1 John, m. 15, p. 26). The third baron is often called simply 'William, Baron of Nass', hence the confusion, but his patronymic appears in several documents, e.g. Cal. Germanston Register, pp. 154, 200, 204; and Cal. Docs. Ireland, vol. i, p. 448. David Fitz William, fourth Baron of Naas, was his son and heir by `Mahaut de Pontearch' (Matilda de Pont de l'Arche): Cal. Gormanston Register, p. 163."). C.P. 10 (1945): Appendix H, 100-104 (sub Families of the First and Second Earls of Pembroke). Duffy Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia (2005): 733-735 (biog. of Richard Fitz Gilbert).
      Child of Aline de Clare, by William Fitz Maurice:
      a. WILLIAM FITZ WILLIAM, Baron of Naas, married MAUD PONTE DE L'ARCHE [see MARSHAL 2.v.c].
      Children of Richard Fitz Gilbert, by Eve of Leinster:
      i. GILBERT FITZ RICHARD, son and heir, born about 1173, died 1185-9 s.p., probably a minor. C.P. 10 (1945): Appendix H, 100-104 (sub Families of the First and Second Earls of Pembroke).
      ii. ISABEL DE CLARE, married WILLIAM MARSHAL, Knt., 3rd Earl of Pembroke [see MARSHAL 3]”

      2. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “WILLIAM MARSHAL, Knt., hereditary Marshal of England, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1189-94, 1198-1207, Sheriff of Sussex, 1193-1208, Warden of the Forest of Dean and Constable of St. Briavels Castle, 1194-1206, Constable of Lillebonne, 1202, Protector, Regent of the Kingdom, 1216-19, and, in right of his wife, Earl of Pembroke and Striguil, Lord of Leinster, probably born in 1146. In 1152 his father gave him as a hostage to King Stephen at the Siege of Newbury. At a later date, his father sent him to his cousin, William de Tancarville, Chamberlain of Normandy, with whom he remained for eight years as a squire. In 1167, while riding near the castle of Lusigan in Poitou with his uncle, Patrick, Earl of Salisbury, and Queen Eleanor, two of the Lusignan brothers attacked and killed Earl Patrick who was unarmed; William was wounded and taken prisoner while defending the Queen's retreat into the castle. Eventually he was ransomed by Queen Eleanor and returned to England. During the period, 1170-83, he was a member of the household of Henry "the Young King." In 1173 he supported Henry the Young King in his rebellion against King Henry II. Young Henry chose to knight him, and on his death bed in 1183, Henry charged him to carry his cross to the Holy Sepulchre. When William returned to England c.1187, King Henry II made him a member of his household. He was granted the manor of Cartmel, Lancashire by the king in 1187, where the following year he founded a priory for Regular canons of the order of St. Augustine. He was with King Henry II in France in 1188 and 1189. He was present at King Henry II's deathbed at Chinon in July 1189, and escorted the body to Fontevrault. He married in London in August 1189 ISABEL DE CLARE, daughter of Richard Fitz Gilbert [de Clare], 2nd Earl of Pembroke, by Eve, daughter of Dairmait Macmurchada, King of Leinster [see PEMBROKE 4 for her ancestry]. They had five sons, William, Knt. [Earl of Pembroke], Richard, Knt. [Earl of Pembroke], Gilbert, Knt. [Earl of Pembroke], Walter, Knt. [Earl of Pembroke and Lincoln], and Anselm [Earl of Pembroke], and five daughters, Maud, Isabel, Sibyl, Eve, and Joan. She was heiress in 1185-89 of her brother, Gilbert Fitz Richard (otherwise known as Gilbert de Strigoil). He was present at the Coronation of King Richard I in 1189, where he bore the gold scepter with the cross. Shortly afterwards he was appointed one of the subordinate Justiciars of England, first under Hugh, Bishop of Durham, and then under William de Longchamp. In 1190 he fined for 2,000 marks for a moiety of the lands of Walter Giffard, sometime Earl of Buckingham, including the manors of Chilton, Dorton, Long Crendon, and Loughton, Buckinghamshire, Caversham and Long Wittenham, Berkshire, and Wootton Rivers, Wiltshire, together with the fief of Longueville in Normandy. In 1191, when the Archbishop of Rouen superceded Longchamp, William became his chief assistant. When John, Count of Mortain (later King John) revolted in 1193, William besieged and took Windsor Castle. He was heir in 1194 to his elder brother, John Marshal, whereby he succeeded his brother as hereditary Master Marshal. He took part in the Siege of Nottingham Castle in 1194. From 1194 to 1199, he was almost continually in Normandy with King Richard I. One of Richard's last acts was to appoint him custodian of Rouen and the royal treasure there. He was present at the Coronation of King John in 1199. In 1200 the king confirmed the marshalship to him. He served John actively in Gascony, England, and Normandy. William may have paid a brief visit to Ireland in the winter of 1200-1. In 1201 he was granted a yearly fair to be held at the borough of Pembroke in Wales. In 1202 he loaned money to his kinsman, Geoffrey II, Count of Perche, who was preparing to go on crusade. In 1204 he was sent with Robert, Earl of Leicester as ambassadors to negotiate a truce with King Philippe Auguste of France. In 1204 he was granted a weekly market to be held in the vill of Castle Goodrich, Herefordshire. The same year he invaded Wales and captured Kilgerran. In 1206 he gave the Templars the advowson of the church of Speen, Berkshire. He spent most of his time in Ireland from 1207 to 1213. In 1213 he witnessed King John's charter of resignation to the Pope. He was given charge of the Castles of Haverfordwest, Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Gower, and Dunamase in Ireland. He was one of the few English earls to remain loyal to the king through the First Barons' War. He was one of the king's representatives at Runnymede in 1215. Following the death of King John in 1216, he was named by the king's council to serve as Regent of the Kingdom. In 1217 he routed the French and the rebel Barons at Lincoln. In Sept. 1217 he concluded the treaty of Lambeth with Prince Louis. In 1218 he was granted weekly markets to be held at his manors of Toddington, Bedfordshire, Speen, Berkshire, Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire, and Bosham, Sussex, and yearly fairs at Toddington, Bedfordshire and Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. During his lifetime, he founded and endowed monasteries at Voto (or Tintern Minor), Duiske (or Graig-na-Managh), and Kilkenny, in Ireland. He was also a benefactor to the chapter of Lisieux, the abbeys of Foucarmont, Gloucester, Tintern, Nutley, and St. Thomas, Dublin, the priories of Longueville, Bradenstoke, Pembroke, Pill, and Stanley, Holy Trinity and St. Kevin, Dublin, the Templars, and other religious bodies. SIR WILLIAM MARSHAL, Earl of Pembroke, died at Caversham, Berkshire 14 May 1219, and was buried in the Temple Church, London. His widow, Isabel, Countess of Pembroke, died 7 March 1220, and was buried at Tintern Abbey.
      Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum 5 (1825): 266 (Obit. of Tintern Abbey: "Isabella Comitissa Pembroc obiit die nono Martin; 6(2) (1830): 843 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated 1206; charter names his wife, Isabel). Hardy Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi Asservati 1(1) (1837): 46-47. Addison Temple Church (1843): 103-119. Lipscomb Hist. & Antiqs. of Buckingham 1(1847): 200-201 (Clare ped.). East Anglian 3 (1869): 30-32. Demay Inventaire des Sceaux de la Flandre 1 (1873): 44 (seal of William Marshal). Stevenson Radulphi de Coggeshall Chronicon Anglicanum (Rolls Ser.) (1875): 187 (sub A.D. 1219: "Obiit Willelmus Marescallus senior, comes de Penbrock, qui maximum habuit dominium tam in Anglia quam in Hibernia; et in crastino Ascencionis [17 May] sepultus est apud Novum Templum de Londoniis."). Gilbert Chartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey, Dublin 2 (Rolls Ser. 80) (1884): 307-308 Annals of Ireland sub A.D. 1200: "Eodem anno, fundatur monasterium de Voto, id est, Tynteme, per Willelmum Mareschallum, Comitem Mareschallum et Pembrochie, qui fuit Dominus Lagenie, scilicet, quatuor comitatuum, Weysford, Ossorie, Cartelrlachie, et Kyldare, ratione et jure uxoris sue, quia desponsavit filiam Comitis Ricardi Strogulensis et Eve, filie Dermicii Murcardi."), 315 (Annals of Ireland sub A.D. 1219: "Anno eodem, obiit Willelmus Mareshallus senior, Comes Mareshallus et Pembrochie. Generavit ex filia Ricardi Strangbowe, Comitis Strogulensis, quinque filios et quinque filias."). Gilbert Reg. of the Abbey of St. Thomas, Dublin ((Rolls Ser.) (1889): 337-338 (agreement of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Abbey of St. Thomas, Dublin dated 1205, witnessed by John Marshal), 137 & 356-357 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated pre-1219, witnessed by Anselm nephew of the earl [Ancelmo, nepote comitis], Ralph Bloet, and Ralph son of Walter Bloet). Meyer Histoire de Guillaume le Marechal (1891-1901), 3 vols. Birch Catalogue of Seals in the British Museum 2 (1892): 392 (seal of Isabel [de Clare], Countess of Pembroke, wife of William Marshal dated before 1219 - Pointed oval. Full-face. In tightly-fitting dress, pointed head-dress, long mantle, the right hand laid on the breast, in the left hand a falcon held on the wrist by the jesses. Standing. Legend: ... SIGILL' • ISABEL • COMITISSE • PEMBROC • VXORIS • WILLI MARESCA[L]..). Owen Desc. of Penbrokshire (Cymmrodorion Rec. Ser. 1) (1892): 16-25. List of Sheriffs for England & Wales (PRO Lists and Indexes 9) (1898): 49, 141. Round Commune of London (1899): 305-306. Cal. MSS. Dean & Chapter of Wells 1 (Hist. MSS. Comm., vol. 12B(1) (1907): 6, 13-14, 16, 51, 309-311. Orpen Ireland under the Normans 2 (1911): 199-234. VCH Hampshire 4 (1911): 51-56. Norgate Minority of Henry the Third (1912): 150-151. VCH Hertford 3 (1912): 232-240. C.P. 4 (1916): 197; 5 (1926): 695, 10 (1945): 358-364 (sub Pembroke); 12(1) (1953): 502-503. Procs. Royal Irish Academy 35 (1918-20): 17-22 (undated charters of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke to Duiske Abbey). Jarman William Marshal, First Earl of Pembroke & Regent of England (1920). VCH Berkshire 4 (1924): 178-183, 384-390. VCH Buckingham 4 (1927): 22-27, 45-48, 395-401. Painter William Marshal Knight-Errant, Baron & Regent of England (1933). Leys Sandford Cartulary 1 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 19) (1938): 99-100 (charter of John Fitz Hugh to John Marshal dated c.1217; charter witnessed by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Sir William the earl's son, and Sir Alan Basset); 2 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 22) (1941): 188-189 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated 1206; charter names his wife, Isabel), 192 (charter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke dated 1206), 229 (charter of William Marshal dated c.1180). Sanders English Baronies (1960): 63 (there is no evidence of the exact fractions into which the Giffard estates were divided between the Marshal co-heirs), 110-111 (Chepstow) (the barony of Chepstow, co. Monmouth, formed part of the inheritance of Maud, eldest daughter). Powicke Loss of Normandy (1961): 96, 102, 119, 130-131, 152, 199, 214, 246, 260, 262, 266, 285, 294-296, 302-303, 319-320, 344 (Longueville [Seine-Inferieure, arr. Dieppe] was the caput in Normandy of the honour of Earl Giffard. The division of the lands of Earl Walter in 1191 has already been mentioned. William the Marshal retained possession of Longueville after 1204, and the place was in the hands of his widow and sons in 1219. The honour of Earl Giffard had comprised nearly 100 knights in 1172.), 350. Jenkins Cartulary of Missenden 3 (Bucks Rec. Soc. 12) (1962): 105-106. Sheehy Pontificia Hibernica 2 (1965): 173, footnote 1. Warren King John (1978): 106-107. Painter William Marsha/Knight-Errant, Baron and Regent of England. (1982). VCH Wiltshire 12 (1983): 125-138; 16 (1999): 8-49, 229-236. Duby William Marshal The Flower of Chivalry (1985). Kemp Reading Abbey Cartularies 2 (Camden 4th Ser. 33) (1987): 225-226 (charter of Isabel, Countess of Pembroke dated 1219), 227 (charter of William Marshal dated ?1189-99). Crouch William Marshal (1990). Carpenter Minority of Henry III (1990). Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 477. VCH Gloucester 5 (1996): 413-415. Holden & Gregory Hist. of William Marshal (2002).
      Children of William Marshal, Knt., by Isabel de Clare..."