Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

Maud of England

Female


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Maud of England 
    Gender Female 
    Person ID I6401  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 27 May 2021 

    Father Henry I "Beauclerc",   b. From 1068 to 1069,   d. 1 Dec 1135, Lyons-la-Forêt, Eure, Upper Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Married Unmarried 
    Family ID F2791  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Conan III,   d. 1148 
    Children 
     1. Bertha of Brittany,   b. 1119,   d. From 1162 to 1167  (Age 43 years)
    Last Modified 28 May 2021 
    Family ID F2813  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “MAUD (or MATHILDE) OF ENGLAND, illegitimate daughter, married CONAN III le Gros, Duke of Brittany, son and heir of Alain IV Fergant, Duke of Brittany [see ENGLAND 1.vi], by his 2nd wife, Ermengarde, daughter of Fulk IV "le Rechin," Count of Anjou. They had one son, Hoel [II] [Count of Nantes], and two daughters, Bertha and Constance. In 1139 he confirmed the rights of the Abbey of Saint-Melaine of Rennes regarding the tithe of moneying. CONAN III, Duke of Brittany, died in 1148.
      Morice Méms. pour Servir de Preuves a l'Hist. de Bretagne 1 (1742): 37, 579 (charter of Conan, Duke of Brittany dated 1139; charter witnessed by his mother, Ermengarde). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Bull. & Mémoires de la Société Archéologique du Département d'Ille-et-Vilaine 17 (1885): 70-72 (charter dated 1129-36 of Conan III, Duke of Brittany to the Abbey of Saint Nicholas of Angers; charter names his mother, Countess Ermengarde), 72-73 (charter dated 1136 of Conan III, Count of Brittany to Livre Priory), 74-75 (charter dated 1120-42 of Conan, Duke of Brittany to monks of Marmoutier), 75-76 (charter dated 1132-46 of Conan III, Duke of Brittany, and Ermengarde his mother to Tiron Abbey; charter witnessed by Aimery son of the Count)), 76-78 (charter dated 1143-46 of Conan, Duke of Brittany to the monks of Marmoutier), 78-81 (charter dated 1146 of Conan, Duke of Brittany, son of Alan Fergant to Quimperle Abbey), 81-82 (charter dated 1146 of Conan III, Count of Brittany to the monks of Saint-Florence of Saumur), 82-83 (charter dated 1147 of Conan III, Duke of Brittany to Savigny Abbey), 83-84 (charter dated 1112-48 of Conan III, Duke of Brittany, son of Count Alan to Machecoul Priory), 84-87, 341-343 (charter dated 1112-40 of Conan III, Duke of Brittany to Mont Saint-Michel Abbey; charter witnessed by Countess Mathilde his wife and Hawise sister of Count Conan), 344 346 (charter dated 1128 Conan III, Duke of Brittany to the monks of Saint-Melaine of Rennes; charter witnessed by his mother, Ermengarde, and his wife, Mathilde). C.P. 10 (1945): 780 (chart) (sub Richmond); 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Schwennicke Europäische Stanmtaf eln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.40, XII.661, XIII.1006-XIII.1008. Everard Brittany & the Angevins: Province & Empire, 1158-1203 (2000). Hollister Henry 1(2003). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      Children of Maud (or Mathilde) of England, by Conan III of Brittany:
      i. BERTHA OF BRITTANY [see next].
      ii. CONSTANCE OF BRITTANY, married GEOFFROI II DE MAYENNE, seigneur of Mayenne [see MAYENNE 4].”

      2. “Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial & Medieval Families,” Douglas Richardson (2013):
      “HENRY nicknamed “Beauclerc,” King of England, Duke of Normandy, Count of Cotentin, 4th son, born in 1068 or 1069. He married (1st) 11 Nov. 1100 MAUD OF SCOTLAND, daughter of Malcolm III (CeannMor), King of Scots, by his 2nd wife, [Saint] Margaret, daughter of Edward Ætheling [see SCOTLAND 1 for her parentage]. She was born in 1079. They had one son, William, and one daughter, Maud. His wife, Maud, died at Westminster 1 May 1118. He married (2nd) at Windsor, Berkshire 29 Jan. 1121 ALICE (or AELIZ, ALEIDE, ALEYDA, AELIDIS, ADELIDE, ADELIDIS, ADELAIDIS, ADELIZA, ADELIZE, ATHELICE) OF LOUVAIN, daughter of Gottfried (or Godefroy) I, Duke of Lower Lorraine, Count of Louvain, by his 1st wife, Ida, daughter of Otto II, Count of Chiny. She was born about 1103. They had no issue. By various mistresses, he had eight illegitimate sons, Robert [Earl of Gloucester], Richard, Fulk, Reynold [Earl of Cornwall], Robert, Gilbert, William de Tracy, and Henry, and nine illegitimate daughters, Maud (or Mathilde) (wife of Rotrou II, Count of Perche), Alice, Maud (or Mathilde) (wife of Conan III, Duke of Brittany), Juliane (wife of Eustache de Pacy, seigneur of Breteuil and Pacy), Mabel (wife of Guillaume Gouet, seigneur of Montmirail), Constance (wife of Roscelin de Beaumont), Aline (wife of Mathieu de Montmorency), Sibyl (wife of Alexander I, King of Scots), and Isabel.* HENRY I, King of England died at Lyons-la-Forêt (near Rouen), Normandy 1 Dec. 1135, and was buried at Reading Abbey, Berkshire. His widow, Alice, married (2nd) after Dec. 1136 but later than summer 1139 WILLIAM D'AUBENEY, Earl of Lincoln, afterwards 1st Earl of Arundel (or Sussex), hereditary Chief Butler of England, Privy Councillor to King Henry I [see CLIFTON 3]. They had four sons, William [2nd Earl of Arundel or Sussex], Reiner, Henry, and Godfrey, and two daughters, Alice (wife of Jean I, Count of Eu and Alvred de Saint Martin) and Olive. He was a witness to King Stephen's 2nd Charter of Liberties in 1136. He was created Earl of Lincoln c.1138. He gave shelter to Empress Maud at Arundel Castle in 1139, but afterwards adhered to King Stephen. His earldom was transferred from Lincoln to Sussex before Christmas 1141. In his own later charters he is styled Earl of Chichester. About 1145 he witnessed a charter of Henry Hussey as "Consul Willelmo de Cicesterr." His wife, Alice, presented to the prebend of West Dean in 1150. Alice, dowager Queen of England, died as a nun at Affligem Abbey in Brabant 25 (or 26) March 1151, and was buried at Reading Abbey, Berkshire. He was influential in arranging the treaty of 1153, whereby the Crown continued with King Stephen for life, though the inheritance thereof was secured to Henry II. He subscribed his name to this instrument as "Comes Cicestrie." By grant dated c.1155, King Henry II confirmed to him as "William, Earl of Arundel" the Castle of Arundel, with the whole honour of Arundel and all its appurtenances. He served as Joint Ambassador to France and to the Pope in 1163/4. He served as Chief Ambassador with Princess Maud to Germany in 1168. He was appointed joint Commander of the royal army in Normandy in 1173. In Sept. 1173 he assisted in the defeat near Bury St. Edmunds of the Earl of Leicester. He founded Buckenham Abbey, Norfolk and Pynharn Priory, Sussex. WILLIAM D'AUBENEY, 1st Earl of Arundel (or Sussex), died at Waverley Abbey, Surrey 4 (or 12) October 1176, and was buried at Wymondham Priory, Norfolk.
      [Footnote *: In 1824 the Scottish historian Chalmers stated that King Henry I of England had an illegitimate daughter, Elizabeth, who married Fergus, lord of Galloway (died 1161). [see Chalmers Caledonia 3 (1824): 250, footnote k ("Fergus [lord of Galloway] ... was a prince of some note, even at the court of Henry I. of England, is certain : as he took to wife, according to the heralds, genealogists, and chroniclers, Elizabeth, the natural daughter of Henry I.")]. Scots Peerage 4 (1907): 135-136 (sub Galloway), however, debunked Chalmers' statement, noting that the authorities quoted by Chalmers "do not bear out his assertion." Even so, other secondary sources have continued to repeat Chalmers' unfounded claim: See, for example, Mackenzie History of Galloway (1841): 167-172 ("Fergus ... married Elizabeth, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. of England"); Anderson Scottish Nation 2 (1862): 195 ("Fergus, lord of Galloway ... married Elizabeth, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. of England ..."); M'Kerlie Galloway in Ancient & Modern Times (1891): 155 ("It is necessary to repeat here that Fergus married Elizabeth, the natural daughter of King Henry I. of England."); Maxwell Hist. of Dumfries & Galloway (1896): 47-48 ("Fergus ... married Elizabeth, natural daughter of Henry I., and sister of Sibilla, who married Alexander I., brother of David."); Ramsay Angevin Empire (1903): 90, footnote 7 ("Gunfrith [i.e., Godred] was son of Olaf, by Afreca, daughter of Fergus of Galloway, by 'Elisabeth,' reputed natural daughter of Henry I."); Oram Lordship of Galloway (2000): 60; Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart). Barrow Robert Bruce (1965): 36, footnote 2 notes that "Roger Howden calls Uchtred son of Fergus of Galloway a cousin of King Henry II (Gesta Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis, ed. Stubbs, Rolls Ser., i, 80)," a relationship which Professor Barrow states "is best explained on the supposition that Fergus married a bastard daughter of Henry I." However, given that King Henry II of England had a Scottish grandmother, a more likely explanation of the kinship between the Galloway and English royal families is that the wife of Fergus was near related to the Scottish royal family, possibly being a sister of William Fitz Duncan, whose grandfather was Malcolm Canmore, King of Scots [died 1093]. This arrangement would make Uchtred son of Fergus and King Henry II of England related in the 3rd degree of kindred (or second cousins).]
      D'Achery Spicilegium 10 (1671): 612-613 (Continuatio Chronici Afflegemiensis: "Filia præfati Ducis Aleidis juncta matrimonio Regi Angliæ, post obitum secundi con jugis Afflegemiensis Claustri solitudinem ad reliquum vitæ ad humandum corpus elegit in domo turti Ecclesiæ contigua, cum una aut akera ancilla in Fratrum Afflegemiensiurn quieta taciturna multitudine solitaria habitavit, & beato fine quievit, de qua epitaphium: Aleidis Regina Anglim, filia Ducis Godefridi cum barba, Regnum suscepit in Anglia an MCXXI. obiit 9 Kal. Maii [23 April], sepulta è regione horologii nostri."). Rawlinson Hist. & Antiqs. of the City, and Cathedral-Church of Hereford (1717): Addenda, 30 (Kalendar of Obits: "IIII Non. December [2 December]. Obitus Henrici Regis."). Brooke Discoverie of Certaine Errours (1724): 32-34. Morice Mémoires pour servir de Preuves à l'Histoire ecclésiastique et civile de Bretagne 1 (1742): 130 (Extract of Cronicle of Robert, Abbot of Mont Saint Michel: "Anno 1135. Obiit Henricus I. Rex Anglorum in prima die Decembris, cum regnasset annis 35. & 4 mensibus."). Brequigny & Mouchet Table Chronologique des Diplômes, Chartes, Titres ... concernant l’Histoire de France 3 (1783): 236 (charter dated c.1155 of Alice Queen of the English [Adelaidis reginæ Anglorum]). Rud Codicum Manuscriptorum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Dunelmensis (1825): 216 (Monachi & alii Quorum in Margine Matyrologii: Kal. Maii [25 April]. Ob. Alexander Rex Scottorum et Soror ejus Matildis Regina Anglorum."), 218 (Monachi & alii Quorum in Margine Matyrologii: "IV. Non. Dec. [2 December] Ob Henricus Rex Anglorum."). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Norrnands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXI)). Tierney Hist. & Antiqs. of the Castle & Town of Arundel 1 (1834): 169-179. Michel Histoire des Ducs de Normandie et des Rois D'Angleterre (1840): 69 ("Li rois Henrie, quant la roine Mehaus fu morte, prist à feme Aalis, la fille Godefroi le duc de Louvaing, la cousine Wistasse [Eustace] de Bouloigne; mais n'en ot nul enfant. Si ot-il de bas .vj. Ills et .vij. fines"). Strickland Lives of the Queens of England 1 (1840): 135-211 (biog. of Matilda of Scotland), 212-256 (biog. of Adelicia of Louvaine). Barrett Memorials of the parochial Church ... in the Parish of Attleborough (1848): 12-41. Thorpe Florentii Wigorniensis Monachi Chronicon ex Chronicis 2 (1849): 74 (Maud [of Blois], Countess of Chester, styled "niece" to King Henry I of England [neptis regis1). Ordericus Vitalis Ecclesiastical Hist. of England & Normandy 3 (1854): 482 (Roger Fitz Roger and Walter d'Aufay [Aufai] styled "cousins" to King Henry I at Battle of Bremule in 1119 by Ordericus Vitalis). Arch. Journal 20 (1863): 283 ("Adeliza appears to have used the identical matrux of the seal which had belonged to the first queen of Henry I., the name-Aalidis-having been substituted for Matli[Idis), 287-288 (charter of Queen Alice [Aelidis regina] ... There is appended ... a pointed oval seal of white wax .... device, a female figure standing ... The legend is + SIGILLVM • AALIDIS • SECVND[AE • DE]I • GRACIA • REGINAE • ANGLIE.), 288-289 (charter of Queen Alice [A. Dei gracia Regina]); 22 (1865): 152-153 (charter of William [d'Aubeney], Earl of Lincoln; charter names Queen Alice his wife [regina Adelidis]). Sussex Arch. Colls. 15 (1863): 112-113. Luard Annales Monastici 1 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1864): 14 (Margam Annals sub 1151: "Obiit Adelidis, regina secunda Henrici regis."); 3 (Rolls Ser. 36) (1866): 433 (Bermondsey Annals sub A.D. 1121: "Hoc anno rex Henricus primus duxit Adelizam, filiam ducis Lovaniae, in uxorem, tertio nonas Februarii [3 February]."). Burke Gen. Hist, of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited & Extinct Peerages (1866): 2-3 (sub Albini, Earls of Arundel). Jour. British Arch. Assoc. (1867): 21-33 ("In the Register of the Priory of Bromhale, we find the record of his death under the date of the 4th day of October, 22nd of Henry II (A.D. 1176), in the following words, `obiit Willielmus Comes Arundel' (no mention of Sussex or Chichester), et `sepultus est in prioratus de Wymondham.’"). Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptorum 20 (1868): 67 (Orderic Vitalis, Historia Ecclesiastica, Liber X: Roger Fitz Richard [de Clare) styled "kinsman" [cognatus) of King Henry I of England). Somménil Chronicon Valassense (1868): 20, 104-108 (discusses evidence that King Henry I had an illegitimate daughter, Maud (or Mathilde)/Almodis, who was Abbess of Montivilliers). Ellis Antiqs. of Heraldry (1869): 206-207 (Aubigny ped.). Lower Compendious Hist. of Sussex 1 (1870): 70 (Robert de Haia, founder of Boxgrove Priory, styled "king's kinsman" [consanguineus] of King Henry I). Delisle Delisle Chronique de Robert de Tongni 1 (1872): 215 (sub A.D. 1139: "Invitarerat enim eos Willermus de Albinneio, qui duxerat Aeliz quondam reginam, quæ habebat castellum et comitatum Hardundel, quod rex Henricus dederat ei in dote."); 2 (1873): 63-64 ("Cessit etiam in fata Willermus de Albineio, quem vocabant comitem d'Arundel, relinquens filios quatuor, scilicet Guillermum de Albineio pritnogenitum, et alios tres natos ex Aeliza regina, uxore primi Henrici regis Anglorum."). Matthew of Paris Chronica Majora 2 (Rolls Ser. 57) (1874): 298 (sub 1176: "comes etiam Willelmus de Arundel obiit quarto idus Octobris [12 October] apud Waverle, et sepultus eat apud Wimundham, cellam scilicet ecclesiæ Sancti Albani, cujus cellæ patronus fuisse dinoscitur."). Stubbs Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury 1 (Rolls Ser.) (1879): 92 ("Obiit autem Matildis regina Anglia anno regni sui xviiio, kalendis Maii [1 May], et apud Radingas sepulta est."). Merlet Cartulaire de l’Abbaye de la Sainte-Trinite de Tiron 1 (1883): cvii-cviii (arms of Henry I, King of England, Duke of Normandy dated 1115: D'argent au cavalier d'azur). D.N.B. 1 (1885): 137-138 (biog. of Adeliza of Louvain). Doyle Official Baronage of England 1(1886): 66 (sub Arundel). Raine Historians of the Church of York and its Archbishops 2 (Rolls Ser.) (1886): 169 (History of the Four Archbishops by Hugh the Chantor - King Henry I and Pope Calixtus II were kinsmen: "Nam præter spiritualem patris et filii relationem, carnali consanguinitate propinqui erant, quorum avus et avia frater et soror fuerunt." (Note: Pope Calixtus II was a younger son of William I, Count of Burgundy, whose mother Alice was daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy]). Birch Cat. Seals in the British Museum 1 (1887): 5-8 (seal of King Henry I - Obverse. King, seated in majesty, in an undercoat with sleeves tight at wrists, and loose skirts reaching below knees; and long flowing cloak fastened at throat and spreading out behind, which has a border, with indications of a fur of symmetrical pattern. On the head a cap-shaped crown, with three fleurs-de-lis, one at top and one at either side, and two chin-straps hanging loosely at sides, the ends having buckles in shape of trefoils. In right hand, extended outwards from elbow, a sword is held almost perpendicularly. In left hand, similarly extended, an orb, ensigned with a long cross pattee pommettee. Throne, apparently square, and closely resembling that of William II.; the centre curves with a bold cusp inwards, with a string-course, and is the narrowest part. In lower of two compartments thus made, is a footboard, not enough remaining to show original size. On throne a flat cushion with square edge, carrying at each end a hemispherical ornament, intended for pillow. Reverse. King, hauberk of chain-mail; conical helmet, having a blunt point at crown of head, and perhaps armed with projecting nose-piece; single pointed spur of goad form; long lance to which is attached a banner, charged with cross moline, and three pairs of waving streamers. No indication of sword. In left hand, held by interior strap, a kite-shaped shield, seen from within. The horse is walking to the right hand, caparisoned with breast-band, which is ornamented by five globular pendants equi-distant. Saddle of small dimensions; with stirrups. The loosely gathered reins are held up in left hand, which also sustains shield. Legend: + HENRIC' D... ... ...). Round "An Unknown Mistress of Henry I." in Eng. Hist. Rev. 5 (1890): 745-746. Luard Flores Historiarum 2 ((Rolls Ser.) 1890): 69 ("Anno gratix MCLIo [1151]. Obiit Adelicia regina, uxor regis Stephani;" the editor notes that the name "Stephani" is erased in Ch. and altered to "Henrici I."). Barret Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Perche (Docs. sur la Province du Perche 3rd Ser. 2) (1894): 40-43. Recueil des Historiens des Castles et de la France 23 (1894): 471 (Ex Obituariis Lirensis Monasterii: "25 Mart. Obiit Adelicia regina."), 476 (Ex Necrologio Monasterii Crucis Sancti Leufredi: "25 Mart. [Obiit] Adeliza, regina Anglorum."), 578 (Notæ Monasterii Montis Sancti Michaelis: "1 Mali. [Obiit] Matildis, regina Anglorum."), 580 (Notæ Monasterii Montis Sancti Michaelis: "12 Oct. [Obiit] Guillelmus, comes de Arundel."), 581 (Notæ Monasterii Montis Sancti Michaelis: "1 Dec. [Obiit] Henricus, rex Anglorum et dux Normannorum."). Napier & Stevenson Crawford Coll. of early Charters & Docs. now in the Bodleian library (1895): 31 (William [d'Aubeney], Earl of Chichester dated c.1150; charter names his wife, Queen Alice [regina Adelide]). Bradshaw Statutes of Lincoln Cathedral Pt. 2 (1897): (obits. in the odd volume of the great Latin Bible), ccxxxviii (2 May - "Matildis regina uxor Henrici regis."), ccxlii (2 Dec. - "Henricus, pacificus rex Anglorum."). Trans. East Herts Arch. Soc. 1(1) (1901): 129-135 (charter of Queen Alice widow of King Henry I dated 1136 [Adelidis regina uxor nobillisimi regis Henrici & filia Godefridi ducis lotharingie]. C.C.R. 1227-1231 (1902): 530 (confirmation of gift of Alice, formerly Queen of England). Molinier Obituaires de la Province de Sens 1(1) (Recueil des Historiens de la France, Obituaires 1) (1902): 316 (Abbaye de Saint-Denis: "kal. Maius [1 May] Ob. Matildis, Anglorum regina [1118]."), 523 (Prieure de Longpont: "kaL maii. [1 May] [obit.] Maltidis, Anglorum regina [1118]."). Warner & Ellis Facsimiles of Royal & Other Charters in the British Museum 1 (1903): #14 (charter of William [de Albini], Earl of Lincoln dated c.1139-40; charter names his wife, Queen Adeleidis), #27 (charter of William [de Albini], Earl of Chichester dated 1151-2; charter names his wife, Queen Athelice). Scots Peerage 1 (1904): 1-2 (sub Kings of Scotland). Dunbar Scottish Kings (1906): 25-34. Eng. Hist. Rev. 21(1906): 505-509. Molinier Obituaires de la Province de Sens 2 (1906): 241 (Obituaire of Prieure de Saint-Nicaise de Meulan: "Henricus, rex Anglorum, frater noster, III nonas decembris [3 Dec.] [1135]."), 661 (Nécrologe of Abbaye de Saint-Jean-en-Vallée: 12 Dec.] IIII non. Obiit Henricus, Anglorum rex [1135], ecclesiarum amator praecipuus."). Scots Peerage 4 (1907): 135-136 (sub Galloway) ("[Fergus, lord of Galloway] is said to have married Elizabeth, the youngest daughter of King Henry I. of England, but the authorities quoted by Chalmers, who makes the statement, do not bear out his assertion."). D.N.B. 1 (1908): 137-138 (biog. of Adeliza of Louvain). Urseau Cartulaire Moir de la Cathédrale d'Angers (1908): 167-168 (charter of King Henry I dated c.1111=20). Gomme Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1909): 217 (sub A.D. 1100: Maud of Scotland, 1st wife of King Henry I, styled "kinswoman to king Edward [the Confessor] and of the true royal race of England."), 239-240 (sub A.D. 1127: Henry [de Pouilly-sur-Saone], Abbot of Saint-Jean of Angély (in Poitou), afterwards Abbot of Peterborough styled "kinsman" [mæi] of [Henry I] King of England and [Guillaume] Count of Poitou) [see also Earle and Plummer Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel 1 (1892): 257; English Hist. Rev. 84 (1969): 548-5601. CP. 1 (1910): 233-235, 237 (chart) (sub Arundel); 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Round King's Serjeants & Officers of State (1911): 140-165. English Hist. Rev. 34 (1919): 303-382. Farrer Outline Itinerary of King Henry 1 (1920). Brandenburg Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen (1935) XI 112. Rübel-Blass (1939) 257 (biographical information). G.H. White "Henry I's Illegitimate Children," in C.P. 11 (1949), Appendix D, 105-121. Leys Sandford Cartulary 2 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 22) (1941): 216. Johnson et al. Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1066-1154 2 (1956): 148 (John [son of Eudes, Bishop of Bayeux, Earl of Kent], a royal chaplain, styled "kinsman" [cognatus] of King Henry I of England in charter dated 1117-19). C.R.R. 12 (1957): 157-158 (Sibyl de Falaise, wife of Baldwin de Bolers, styled "kinswoman" [nepte] of King Henry I of England). Stenton First Century of English Feudalism, 1066-1166 (1961). Davis King Stephen (1967): 137 ("[King] Stephen recognized three successive earls of Lincoln ... The first was William d'Aubigny pincerna who married Queen Adeliza, widow of King Henry I, and in her right became lord of the honour and castle of Arundel. He styles himself William Earl of Lincoln in three charters in which his identity is proved by references to his wife. They are in favour of Lewes Priory and the abbeys of Reading and Affligem-and in the case of Affligem there is also a charter of Adeliza referring to her husband as earl of Lincoln (Round, Geoffrey de Mandeville 3245; Warner and Ellis, Facsimiles, no. 14; E. de Marneffe, Cartulaire de l’abbaye de Affligem in Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclesiastique de la Belgique, 2o section, pp. 104,106). In royal charters it is usually impossible to distinguish him from his successor, William de Roumare, since the normal style of both was Willelmus comes de Lincolnia, or (before he was an earl) from his father, William d'Aubignypincerna, who died before June 1139 (Reg. iii. 973). If Robert de Torigny is right (Chronicles iv. 137) William had married Adeliza by September 1139, and it is tempting to assume that it was on his marriage that he was made earl of Lincoln, his connection with that county being that his mother, Maud Bigod, was a grand-daughter, and possible co-heiress, of Robert de Tosny of Belvoir. We do not know precisely when he was transferred from Lincoln to Sussex, but it was certainly by Christmas 1141 when he attested a charter as Comite Willelmo de Sudsexa (Reg. iii. 276)."). Chibnall Ecclesiastical Hist. of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1969-80): 317 (Vol. VI, Book XII - Henry [de Pouilly-sur-Saone] styled "kinsman" [cognato] of King Henry I of England) [see English Hist. Rev. 84 (1969): 548-560]. Albion 10 (1978): 330-340. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 1 (1980): 95 (sub Hainault, Brabant); 2 (1984): 81 (sub England); 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Chibnall Anglo-Norman England, 1066-1166 (1986). Green Government of England under Henry 1(1986). Hollister Monarchy, Magnates, & Institutions in the Anglo-Norman World (1986). Kemp Reading Abbey Cartularies 1 (Camden Soc. 4th Ser. 31) (1986): 301, 369, 476. Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): X.1.423, XII.371, X11.644-X11.645, XIII.207. Meyer Culture of Christendom (1993): 136 (Canterbury Obituary Lists: "7 Kal. [Apr.] [26 March]. Obiit Atheliza regina."), 130 (Canterbury Obituary Lists: "Kal. Dec. [1 December]. Obiit Rex Anglorum Henricus primus."), 146 (Canterbury Obituary Lists: "Kal. Dec. [1 December]. Obiit rex Anglorum Henricus i."). Haskins Soc. Jour. 7 (1995): 101-116. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 35, 57. Scottish Hirt. Rev. 75 (1996): 1-19. Vincent Acta of Henry II and Richard I Pt 2 (List and Index Soc. Special Ser. 27) (1996): 143 (confirmation c. 1172/81 of grant made by Queen Adela) (original published in Jour. of British Architetural Assoc. 17: 312). Scottish Hist. Rev. 75 (1996): 1-19. Harper-Bill Anglo-Norman Studies XXI (1999): 145-168. Bartlett England under the Norman & Angevin Kings 1075-1225 (2000). Hollister Henry 1(2001). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Tanner Fams., Friends, & Allies (2004): 306 (Normandy ped.), 313 (Scotland ped.). Weller Die Heiratspolitik des deutschen Hochadels im 12. Jahrhundert (2004): 464-4.76 (biog. of Königin Adelheid von England) ("On page 476, Weller states: "Seine Gattin Adelheid von Lowen, die ehemalige Konigin von England, war schon 1151 wahrend des Bürgerkrieges verschieden und wurde in Reading beigesetzt ... Der Begräbnisort Kgn. Adelheids geht aus einem Schreiben Jocelins v. Löwen an Bf. Hilarius v. Chichester eindeutig hervor, vgl. Reading Abbey Cartularies 1, No. 551, 416E; s.a. Bartlett, England 596. Nicht stichhaltig ist demgegeniiber die van Sanderus, Chorographia 1, 45, verbreitete Nachricht, wonach Adelheid vor ihrem Tod in ihre Heimat übergesiedelt und im Kloster Afflighem gestoren and begraben sei; heirnach auch John Horace Round in dem Art.: Adeliza of Louvain, in DNB 1(1885): 137f.; Complete Peerage 1, 235. Allerdings ist Kgn. Adelheid als Wohltäterin von Afflighem aufgetreten unde hat dem Kloster einigen Besitz in England gestiftet; vgl. Cart. Afflighem, No. 79, 121-124 (hier 122)."). Verbeke Medieval Narrative Sources (2005): 21-36. Fleming Henry I & the Anglo-Norman World: Studies in Memory of C. Warren Hollister (2006). Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006).
      Children of King Henry I of England, by Maud of Scotland:
      i. WILLIAM OF ENGLAND, son and heir apparent, born in 1103. As his father's destined successor, he received the homage of the Normans barons in 1115, and that of the English witan in 1116. He married at Lisieux in May 1119 MAUD (or MATHILDE) OF ANJOU, daughter of Fulk V, Count of Anjou. He was with his father at the Battle of Bremule in 1119. Early in 1120 King Louis of France invested him with the duchy of Normandy. He was drowned in the wreck of the White Ship 25 Nov. 1120. Wharton Anglia Sacra (1691): 160 (Chronicon Sanctæ Crucis Edinburgensis sub A.D. 1120: "Willelmus filius Henrici Regis, & Ricardus frater ejus & Ricardus Comes de Cestria cum multis Nobilibus naufragio perierunt.”). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. D.N.B. 21(1909): 337 (biog. of William, son of Henry I, King of England). Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 2 (1984): 81 (sub England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.644. Caenegem English Lawsuits from William I to Richard I 1 (Selden Soc. 106) (1990): 180-181, 192-193, 213-214. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 35. Tanner Fams., Friends, & Allies (2004): 306 (Normandy ped.).
      ii. MAUD OF ENGLAND, married (1st) HEINRICH V, King of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor; (2nd) GEOFFREY V Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy [see next].
      Illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, by an unknown mistress, (possibly a member of the Bohun family):
      i. ROBERT FITZ ROY, Earl of Gloucester, married MABEL FITZ ROBERT [see GLOUCESTER 3].
      Illegitimate sons of King Henry I of England, by his mistress, Ansfride, widow of Anskill, a knight who was a tenant of Abingdon Abbey:
      i. RICHARD FITZ ROY, born before 1101. He served against the French in 1119, and was captured at Les Andelys. He was set free with his comrades by King Louis, because they had taken sanctuary in the church of Notre Dame du Grand Andely. Later the same year he was with his father at the Siege of Evreux and the Battle of Brémule. In Sept. 1119 he was sent to raise the Siege at Bréteuil. He was betrothed to Amice de Gael, daughter of Raoul, seigneur of Gael in Brittany and Bréteuil in Normandy. He was drowned immediately afterwards in the wreck of the White Ship 25 Nov. 1120. Amice subsequently married Robert of Meulan, 1st Earl of Leicester [see LEICESTER 6]. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Stevenson Chronicon Monasterii de Abington 2 (Roll Series 2) (1858): 37, 122-123. Stubbs Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury 1 (Rolls Ser.) (1879): 92 ("Alium quoque habuit filium Ricardum, et cessavit parere... Navis enim infausta qun regis gestabat filios Willelrnum et Ricardum, submersa est, periitque in scopulis Barbefluvii."). C.P. 7 (1929): 527-530 (sub Leicester); 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.646. Van Houts Gesta Normannorum Ducum of William of Jumièges, Orderic Vitalis and Robert of Torigni 2 (1992): 248-249 (Robert de Torigny: "Ricardus autem, huius comitis uno de patre frater, cum fratre suo Willelmo in sepedicto naufiagio periit."). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      ii. FULK FITZ ROY. Stevenson Chronicon Monasterii de Abington 2 (Roll Series 2) (1858): 37, 122-123. C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): 1(II.647. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      Illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, by his mistress, Sibyl Corbet:
      i. REYNOLD FITZ ROY, Earl of Cornwall, Sheriff of Devon, 1173-5. He married in 1140 MABEL FITZ WILLIAM, daughter of William Fitz Richard, of Cornwall. They had one son, Nicholas, and four daughters, Denise (wife of Richard de Redvers, Earl of Devon), Maud, Sarah (wife of Ademar, Vicomte of Limoges), and Emme (wife of Guy V de Laval, seigneur of Laval). By a mistress, Beatrice de Valle (or Vaux) (afterwards wife of William Briwerre, Knt.), he had an illegitimate son, Henry Fitz Count. By an unknown mistress, he also had one illegitimate son, William. He was granted the lands of William, Earl of Mortain, amounting to 215-1/2 fees in Devon and Cornwall. He was created Earl of Cornwall about April 1141. He and Robert, Earl of Leicester, were recognized by contemporaries as "the most powerful men in the kingdom." His wife, Mabel, fell into insanity in the 1140s. He witnessed a charter of Henry d'Oilly in the period, 1114-47. In 1153 he witnessed the agreement between King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy [afterwards King Henry II]. He and Robert, Earl of Leicester, acted as intermediary between the king and Thomas Becket at Northampton in 1164. He played a major part in opposing the rebels of 1173-4 in England. REYNOLD FITZ ROY, Earl of Cornwall died 1 July 1175, allegedly at Chertsey, Surrey, and was buried at Reading, Berkshire. Dugdale Baronage (1675): 702 (sub Briwere) ("[William Briwere] having married Beatrix de Valle, a Concubine, as 'tis said, to Reginald Earl of Cornwall (which is probable, for in a Grant made by Henry Son to the same Reginald [Earl of Cornwall], unto this William [Briwere], of the Mannor of Karswell, and Land of Hakford, he calls him his Brother")) [Note: Dugdale evidently intended to say that Henry Fitz Count's brother was William Briwere the younger, as it was William Briwere the elder was the husband of his mother, Beatrice de Valle]. Brooke Discoverie of Certaine Errours (1724): 6, 98 (undated charter of Reynold son of King Henry to William de Botreaux son of Alice Corbet his aunt [matertera]; charter witnessed by his son, Nicholas; his nephews/kinsmen [nepotibus], Ralph and Richard, and his brother, William), 112. Topographer 2 (1790): 288-291. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Baker Hist. & Antiqs. of Northampton 2 (1836 11): 239-240 (Bruere or Briwere ped.). Collectanea Archæologica 1(1862): 263-284. Stubbs Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis (or Chron. of the Reigns of Henry II. & Richard I. A.D. 1169-1192) 1 (Rolls Ser. 49) (1867): 163 ("Deditque ibidem Hereberto filio Hereberti, et Willelmo fratri comitis Reginaldi, et Joelllano de la Pumerai, nepoti eorum, regnum be Limeric pro servitio sexaginta militum"), 172 ("Nam Herbertus, et Willelmus, fratres Reginaldi comitis Cornubiae, et Joellanus de Purnetia nepos eorum, regnum illud havere noluerunt; sed illud reddiderunt domino regi et Johanni filio suo liberum et quietum ab omni calurnnia eorum"). Le Fizelier Mémoire chronologique de Maucourt de Bourjolly sur la Ville de Laval 1 (1886): 136-142. Hall Red Book of the Exchequer 1 (Rolls Ser.) (1896): 251-253 (William brother of Earl Reynold [Willelmus frater Comitis Reginaldi] held 1/2 knight's fee of Robert Fitz Roy in 1166), 261-262 (William brother of the Earl [Willelmus frater Comitis] held four knight's fees Reynold, Earl of Cornwall in 1166). Rpt. & Trans. Devonshire Assoc. 29 (1897): 455-456. List of Sheriffs for England & Wales (PRO Lists and Indexes 9) (1898): 34. Salter Eynsham Cartulary 1 (Oxford Hist. Soc. 49) (1907): 75. C.P. 3 (1913): 429 (sub Cornwall); 11(1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Colls. Hist. Staffs. 1924 (1926): 9, 219. English Hist. Rev. 62 (1947): 352-377 (charter of William de Marsh brother of Reynold Earl of Cornwall [Willelmus de Marisco frater Reginaldi comitis Cornubie]). Kemp Reading Abbey Cartularies (Camden 4th Ser. 33) (1987): 6 (Reynold, Earl of Cornwall, styled "uncle" [avunculo] by Henry [II], later King of England, in charter dated 1147 or 1149). Minor & Butler eds. Letters of John of Salisbury 1 (Oxford Medieval Texts) (1955): 162-163. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Hull Cartulary of Launceston Priory (Devon & Cornwall Rec. Soc. n.s. 30) (1987): 9-10 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1154-65), 10-11 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1146-55), 11 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1155-65), 195-196 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1165-75, witnessed by his son, Nicholas), 196-197 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1155-65), 197-198 (two confirmation charters of King Henry II of England naming his "uncle" [avunculus] Reynold, Earl of Cornwall, one dated c.1174-5, the other dated c.1174-6). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): 1(11.651, X111.996-1000. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 35. Hollister Henry 1(2003). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).Cornwall Rec. Office: Borough of Truro, BTRU/1 (charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall dated c.1161-66) (available at www.a2a.org.uk/search/index.asp).
      Child of Reynold Fitz Roy, Earl of Cornwall, by Mabel Fitz William:
      a. MAUD OF CORNWALL, married ROBERT II, Count of Meulan [see VERMANDOIS 7].
      Illegitimate child of Reynold Fitz Roy, Earl of Cornwall, allegedly by Beatrice de Valle:
      a. HENRY FITZ COUNT, of Liskeard, Cornwall and King's Kerswell, Devon, Constable of Totnes Castle, 1209, Governor of Portchester Castle, 1211, Sheriff of Cornwall, 1215, 1217-20, Constable of Launceston Castle and Warden of the Stanneries, 1215. In 1194 he was granted the manors of Liskeard, Cornwall and Diptford and King's Kerswell, Devon by the king. In 1196 he witnessed the Torre Abbey foundation charter issued by his alleged step-father, Sir William Briwerre. In 1215 he had a grant of the county of Cornwall from King John, to farm until the realm should be at peace. The grant was renewed by King Henry III 7 Feb. 1216/7. He resigned the county to the king in 1220, when he took the cross. HENRY FITZ COUNT died a crusader in 1222. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Hunter Catalogue of the MSS in the library of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn (1838): 13. Dugdale Monasticon Anglicanum 6(2) (1846): 924 (Torre Abbey foundation charter issued by William Briwer). Oliver Monasticon Dioecesis Exoniensis (1846): 174 (charter of Henry son of Reynold Earl of Cornwall; charter granted for the souls of his brothers and his mother), 179, 183. Trans. Exeter Diocesan Architectural & Arch. Soc. 2nd Ser. 1 (1867): 133-134. Annual Rpt. of the Deputy Keeper 31(1870): 5. Rpt. & Trans. Devonshire Assoc. 29 (1897): 456. List of Sheriffs for England & Wales (PRO Lists and Indexes 9) (1898): 21. Notes & Queries 9th Ser. 9 (1902): 295-296 ("But Reginald de Dunstanville [i.e., Reynold Fitz Roy, Earl of Cornwall] had also by Beatrix de Valle (who afterwards became the wife of William Brewer, the judge of Henry II. and one of the regents of Richard I.) an illegitimate son named Henry FitzCount (sometimes FitzHenry), who became in after years also Earl of Cornwall."). Genealogist n.s. 20 (1904): 10-11. C.P. 3 (1913): 430 (sub Cornwall). Painter Reign of King John (1949): 231, 290, 348, 358-359. Hobbs Cartulary of Forde Abbey (Somerset Rec. Soc. 85) (1998): 116 (charter of Henry Fitz Count dated 1200-22; charter witnessed by William Brewer). North Devon Rec. Office: Chichester of Arlington, 50/11/29/3 (confirmation of a gift of land dated early 13th Cent. from Henry son of Earl Reginald to William de Tracy of all his land of Wollecombe [in Mortehoe] and Boklande, Devon, which William and his ancestors held of Henry and his ancestors, lords of Bradneys, as the charter of Hugh Ruffus testifies. To have and to hold to the aforesaid William, his heirs and assigns, of Henry and his heirs for ever, rendering all due and customary services. Seal of Henry son of Earl Reginald - Round, natural wax, armorial, surrounded by legend giving name of owner, chipped. The arms on shield resemble those of Courtenay family, but the Courtenays did not become Earls till 14th Cent.) (available at www.a2a.org.uk/search/index.asp). Henry III Fine Rolls Project (Baldekin styled "kinsman" of H[enry] Fitz Count in a fine roll item dated 1220; by whom he was earlier granted lands in Cornwall formerly held by Robert de Tintagel) (available at www.finerollshenry3.org.uk/content/calendar/roll_015.html).
      Illegitimate children of King Henry I of England, by his mistress, Edith, daughter of Forne son of Sigulf, lord of Greystoke, Cumberland. Edith subsequently married ROBERT D'OILLY, of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire, Constable of Oxford Castle. They had two sons, Henry and Gilbert. He and his wife, Edith, founded Oseney Priory near Oxford in 1129. Robert d'Oilly died in Sept. 1142. Sometime in the period, c.1145-56, his widow, Edith, granted a toft in Huggate and 68-1/2 acres in the fields there to the poor of the Hospital of St. Peter, York. Leys Sandford Cartulary 1 (Oxfordshire Rec. Soc. 19) (1938): 50 (charter of Robert d'Oilly dated c.1139; charter granted with consent of his wife, Edith), 92 (charter of Robert d'Oilly dated before June 1139; charter granted with consent of his wife, Edith, and his son, Henry). Farrer Early Yorkshire Charters 2 (1915): 505-508, 510 (charter of Edith wife of Robert d'Oilly dated c.1145-56), 510-511 (charter of Henry d'Oilly dated c.1145-56; charter witnessed by his wife, Maud), 518-519. Hedley Northumberland Fares. (1968): 233.
      i. ROBERT FITZ ROY. He held land in Devonshire in 1130. He witnessed a charter of his step-father, Robert d'Oilly, in the period, ?1130-35. He supported his half-sister, Empress Maud, in the Civil War. In the period, 1144-7, he witnessed a charter of his half-brother, Henry d'Oilly. In 1146-7 he witnessed a charter of Empress Maud and her son, Henry. About 1150 he granted 10 pounds of land in his manor of Wantage, Berkshire to the church of Oseney, with the counsel of Henry d'Oilly his half-brother. Sometime in the period, 1153-67, he witnessed a charter of Wigan of Wallingford. He married before 1162 MAUD D'AVRANCHES, widow of William de Courcy (or ?Geoffrey de Crimes?), and daughter of Robert d'Avranches, by ___, daughter of Gelduin de Dol. They had one daughter, Maud. His wife, Maud, was heiress of Richard Fitz Baldwin. In 1162 he granted St. Nicholas Priory, Exeter two ferlings of land in his manor of Calvalegie juxta Cobbalegiam, together with a man named Edwium son of Wranhi; charter was granted with with the consent of his wife, Maud d'Avranches. ROBERT FITZ ROY died 31 May 1172. His widow, Maud, died 21 Sept. 1173. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Farms of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Coll. Top. et Gen. 1 (1834): 188 ("C. Rob[er]ti filii Henrici Regis per concessionem Mathildis, filiz Roberti de Avrenchis et heredis Ricardi filii Baldewini, dans totam vincam quam Rob'tus fil. Baldewini et Ricardus fester ejus Eccl. S.N. dederunt."), 382 (charter dated 1162 of Robert son of King Henry, granted with consent of Maud d'Avranches his wife [Robertus filius Regis Henrici, assensu Matillidis de Abrinco uxoris meae to St. Nicholas Priory, Exeter). Dugdale Monasticon Anglican = 5 (1846): 377-382 (Ford Abbey, Fundationis et Fundatorum Historia: "Obijt denique vir ejus secundus, dominus Robertus filius regis Henrici anno Domini M.clxxii. pridie calendas Junii [31 May], et post ipsum vicecomitissa Matildis, itaque de Aubrincis ut prius nuncupata, undecimo calendas Octobris [21 Sept.] anno Domini M.clxxiii. et regni regis Henrici secundi 19."); 6(1) (1830): 253 (charter of Robert son of King Henry [Robertus Henrici regis filius]; charter names his [half-]brother [fratris], Henry d'Oilly). Collectanea Archæologica 1(1862): 263-284. Priory of Hexham 1 (Surtees Soc. 64) (1864): 138 (Chronicle of John, Prior of Hexham: "Emissi sunt autem ducenti milites cum Rodberto, filio Edae et Henrici Regis notho, et Johanne Marascaldo ...."). Freeman Reign of the Norman Conquest of England 4 (1871): 723. Turner Cal. Charters & Rolls: Bodleian Lib. (1878): 374 (charter of Robert son of King Henry dated c.1150). Notes & Queries 6th Ser. 3 (1881): 1-3. Maitland Bracton's Note Book 2 (1887): 137-138 (Robert de Courtenay testified in lawsuit dated 1222 that he was the son of Hawise, the first born daughter of Maud d'Avranches; Hawise's sister, Maud de Courtenay, who was the plaintiff in the lawsuit, in turn testified that the said Hawise was the daughter of Geoffrey de Crimes (or Crunes, Cruues), the 1st husband of Maud d'Avranches), 404-405; 3 (1887): 450-452 (Robert de Courtenay testified in lawsuit dated 1222 that his mother, Hawise, was the daughter of William de Curcy, husband of Maud d'Avranches). Notes & Gleanings 2 (1889): 50-56. Hall Red Book of the Exchequer 1 (Rolls Ser.) (1896): 251-254 (list of knights fees held by Robert Fitz Roy in 1166). Note-book of Tristram Risdon (1897): 53-56. Salter Eynsham Cartulary 1 (Oxford Hist. Soc. 49) (1907): 73, 75, 101-102. C.P. 11(1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Seversmith Colonial Fams. of Long Island New York & Connecticut 5 (1958): 2426-2428. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.650, XIII.995. Reedy Basset Charters c.1120 to 1250 (Pubs. Pipe Roll Soc. n.s. 50) (1995): 25-26 (charter dated 1146-7 of Empress Maud daughter of King Henry I and her son, Henry; charter witnessed by Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and Robert Fitz Roy). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart). Fizzard Plympton Priory (2008): 62, footnote 26.
      Child of Robert Fitz Roy, by Maud d'Avranches:
      a. MAUD FITZ ROBERT, married REYNOLD DE COURTENAY, of Sutton, Berkshire [see COURTENAY 1].
      ii. ALICE FITZ ROY. In the period, ?1130-35, she witnessed a charter of her step-father, Robert d'Oilly, and her mother, Edith. Salter Eynsham Cartulary 1 (Oxford Hist. Soc. 49) (1907): 72-73 (Alice daughter of the king [Adeliza Lila Reg.] witness to charter of Robert d'Oilly, his wife, and son dated ?1130-35). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151.
      Illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, by his mistress, Nest, wife of Gerald of Windsor, Constable of Pembroke, and daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwt, Prince of South Wales:
      i. HENRY FITZ ROY, of Pembrokeshire. He was killed during King Henry II's invasion at Anglesea in 1157 or 1158. He married ___. They had two sons, Meiler Fitz Henry [Justiciar of Ireland] and Robert, and presumably one daughter, Amabilis Fitz Henry (wife of Walter de Ridelisford). Williams ab Ithel Annales Cambriaes (Rolls Ser.) (1860): 47 (sub A.D. 1158: "Henricus filius Geraldi occisus est, velut alii volunt, filius Henrici regis ..."). Dimock Geraldus Cambrensis: Itinerarium Kambrice, et Descriptio Kambriæ (Geraldus Cambrensis Opera 6) (Rolls Ser.) (1868): 130 (Date: A.D. 1157: "Fuerant autem duo nobiles viti, et ejus qui scripsit haec avunculi, cum aliis hue a rege transmissi: Henricus scilicet regis Henrici primi filius, et secundi avunculus, ex nobili Nesta, Resi filii Theodori filia, in australi Kambria Demetiae finibus oriundus; et Robertus Stephani filius, Henrici frater non germanus sed uterinus."), 130, footnote 2 ("The death of Henry, her [Nest's] son by [King] H[enryl I., in this attack on Anglesea, is placed by Brut under 1156, in Ann. Camb. under 1158. By the former he is called Henry son of King Henry; by the latter, Henry son of Girald, or, according to others, son of king Henry. He was the father of the famous Meiler, the great hero of the Irish invasion."). Gilbert Chartularies of St. Mary’s Abbey, Dublin 1 (Rolls Ser. 80) (1884): 30-31 (charter of Walter de Ridelisford to St. Mary's Abbey; charter granted with consent of his wife, Amabilis Fitz Henry and witnessed by Meiler Fitz Henry). Orpen Ireland under the Normans 1 (1911): 18 (ped. chart). Jour. Royal Soc. of Antiqs. Ireland 82 (1952): 46-61. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.656. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Duffy Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia (2005): 298-299 (biog. of Meiler Fitzhenry). Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      Illegitimate daughter of King Henry I of England, by his mistress, Edith:
      i. MAUD (or MATHILDE, MAHAUT) OF ENGLAND, married in 1103 (as his 1st wife) ROTROU II “the Great,” Count of Perche, seigneur of Belleme, son and heir of Geoffroi, Count of Mortagne and Perche, by Beatrix, daughter of Count Hilduin, Count of Montdidier and Roucy. He was born about 1080. Her maritagium likely included the manors of Aldboume and Wanborough, Wiltshire. They had two daughters, Philippe and Felicie. During the 1st Crusade, he fought at the Siege of Nicaea in mid-1097. He commanded a division that broke out of Antioch in June 1098. He crusaded against the Muslims in Spain probably in 1108. In 1114 he aided his father-in-law, King Henry I, at the Siege of Belleme. At the request of his wife, Maud, a hide of land at Wanborough, Wiltshire was given to Lewes Priory. His wife, Maud, was drowned in the shipwreck of the White Ship 25 Dec. 1120. He was Governor of Tudela in Aragon and participated in campaigns in Aragon from 1123 until the mid-1130s. He returned to Perche by 1135. He married (2nd) before 1126 HAWISE OF SALISBURY, daughter of Walter of Salisbury (also known as Walter Fitz Edward), of Chitterne, Wiltshire, Great Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, North Aston, Oxfordshire, etc., hereditary Sheriff of Wiltshire, Constable of Salisbury Castle, by Sibyl, daughter of Patrick de Chaources (or Sourches) [see LONGESPEE 2 for her ancestry]. They had three sons, Geoffroi, Rotrou (III) [Count of Perche], and Etienne [Archbishop-elect of Palermo]. After King Henry I's death in 1135, he and his nephew, Richer de l'Aigle, extorted the castles of Moulins and Bonmoulins as the price for their support for King Stephen. In 1139 he was taken in the English king's pay and defeated the unruly knights of Breteuil. ROTROU II, Count of Perche, died 6 May 1144 at the Siege of the Towe of Rouen, he then being in the service of Empress Maud and her husband, Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. His widow, Hawise, married (2nd) (as his 1st wife) ROBERT I, Count of Dreux and Braille [see DREUX 6], and, in right of his 1st wife, Count of Perche, seigneur of Bellème, younger son of Louis VI, King of France, by Alix, daughter of Humbert II, Count of Savoy and Maurienne [see FRANCE 5 for his ancestry]. They had one daughter, Alix (wife successively of Waleran III, seigneur of Breteuil, Guy II, seigneur of Châtillon-sur-Marne, Jean I, seigneur of Torote, Châtellain de Noyon, and Raoul I de Nesle, Count of Soissons). His wife, Hawise, died in 1152. Robert I, Count of Dreux and Braine, died 11 October 1188. Duchesne Histoire Généalogique de la Maison Royale de Dreux (1631): 13-42. Anselme Hist. de la Maison Royale de France 1 (1726): 74-75 (sub Capetians), 423-425 (sub Comtes de Dreux). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Des Murs Hist. des Comtes du Perche de la Fam. des Rotrou (1856). Herald & Genealogist 3 (1866): 173-176. Monumenta Germania Historica, Scriptores 13 (1881): 255 (Genealogiæ Fusniacensis: "Rotaldus comes, prefati comitis filius, duxit filiam regis Anglie, de qua filiam procreavit. "). Merlet Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de la Sainte-Trinite de Tiron 1 (1883): 3940 (charter of Rotrou, Count of Perche, dated c.1119; charter witnessed by his sister [soror], Juliane, and her son, Richer), 53-55 (confirmation charter of Rotrou, Count of Perche dated c.1120; charter granted with consent of his son-in-law, Hélie, and daughter, Philippe). Money Hist. of the Ancient Town & Borough of Newbury (1887): 62 (Perche ped.). Boulais Receuil des Antiquitéz du Perche (1890). Romanet de Beaune Géographie du Perche, formant le Cartulaire de cette Province (1890-1902): 44 (ped. chart), 48-51. Barret Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Perche (1894): 33-35. Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 23 (1894): 419 (Ex Obituario Gemmeticensi: "6 [Obiit] Rotrodos comes."). Lalizel Abbaye Royal d'Arcisses (Archives du Diocèse de Chartres 10) (1900): 3-10 (charters of Rotrou, Count of Perche). C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. VCH Wiltshire 9 (1970): 174-186; 12 (1983): 67-86. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Traditio 41(1985): 145-179. Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.649. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 35. Thompson Power & Border Lordship in Medieval France (2002). Hollister Henry I (2003). Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Power Norman Frontier in the Twelfth & Early Thirteenth Centuries (2004): 360-361. Tanner Fams., Friends, & Allies (2004): 311 (France ped.). Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart). Geoffrey Grossus Life of Blessed Bernard of Tiron (2009): 71, footnote 1.
      Child of Maud (or Mathilde) of England, by Rotrou II of Perche:
      a. PHILIPPE OF PERCHE, married HELIE OF ANJOU, Count of Maine, younger son of Foulques V le Jeune, Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem, by his 1st wife, Eremburge, daughter and heiress of Hélie, Count of Maine. They had one daughter, Beatrix (wife of Jean I, Count of Alençon). Merlet Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de la Sainte-Trinite de Tiron 1 (1883): 53-55 (confirmation charter of Rotrou, Count of Perche dated c.1120; charter granted with consent of his son-in-law, Hélie, and daughter, Philippe [assensu generis mei Helie filieque mee Romanet de Beaune Geographie du Perche, formant le Cartulaire de cette Province (1890-1902): 44 (ped. chart), 48-51. Vallée Cartulaire de Château-du-Loir (1905): 30-31 ("... Helias vero ...comes Cenomannonun factus est, et xx annis adepto consulatu strenue potitis est. Heres quoque soceri sin Gervasii de Castro Lidi factus est, eujus filiam habuit, ex qua filiam nomine Eremburgem genuit, quam domino suo Fulconi, Andegavorum comiti, in matromonium copulavit … Uxor ejus ei filiam, Eremburgem nomine, peperit, quae, nubilibus annis, Fulconi, Andegavorum tunc comiti, nunc Ierosolymorum regi, nupsit et generosam sobolem genuit: Joffredum et Heliam, Mathildem et Sibyllam, quae filiis regum solemniter nupserunt"). C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121.
      Illegitimate children of King Henry I of England, by various mistresses:
      i. GILBERT FITZ ROY. He was still young and unmarried in 1142. Nothing more is known of him. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumièges (1826): 281 286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.660. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      ii. WILLIAM DE TRACY. He died soon after his father. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams. of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumièges (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121 (author states in error that William de Tracy had a daughter and heiress, Grace, wife of John de Sudeley, of Sudeley Castle and Toddington, Gloucestershire). Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.659. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      iii. MAUD (or MATHILDE) OF ENGLAND, married CONAN III, Duke of Brittany [see BRITTANY 3].
      iv. JULIANE OF ENGLAND, married in 1103 EUSTACHE DE PACY (or DE BRETEUIL), seigneur of Bréteuil and Pacy, illegitimate son of Guillaume, seigneur of Bréteuil and Pacy, by an unknown mistress. They had two sons, Guillaume and Roger, and two daughters. In 1119 he took part in the rebellion against King Henry I, who besieged his wife, Juliane, at Breteuil. She fled to Pacy, and in the autumn of 1119 Eustache and Juliane were pardoned by the king. A few years later she became a nun at Fontevrault. EUSTACHE DE PACY died at the beginning of Lent 1136, Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumièges (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Depoin Cartulaire de l’Abbaye de Saint-Martin de Pontoise (1895): 470-476 (Famille d'Ivry). C.P. 8 (1932): 209-210 (sub Lovel); 11(1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): X11.648. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Tanner Fams., Friends, & Allies (2004): 304 (Fitz Osbem ped.). Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Norrnandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      v. MABEL OF ENGLAND, married before c.1125 GUILLAUME GOUET (or GORT), seigneur of Montmirail and Alluyes, son and heir of Guillaume Gouet, seigneur of Montmirail, Alluyes, Authon, la Bazoche-Gouet, Brou, and Château-du-Loir, by his wife, Eustachie Crespon. They had one son, Guillaume [seigneur of Montmirail]. He joined his parents and his brothers, Robert and Matthew, in the foundation of the Priory of St. Giles des Chateigniers as a cell of Tiron. In 1114, as William Gouet junior, he was one of the nobles of Thibaut, Count of Chartres, whom the count called to advise him. In 1116, with his father and mother, he gave judgment in a dispute between the abbey of Marmoutier and Gaston de Brou. As "Guillaume Goët le jeune," he witnessed a charter of Guillaume de Mesmerand to the leproserie of Chateaudun c.1120. He succeeded his father before c.1125. He made an agreement c.1125 with the Prior of Saint-Denis de Nogent regarding the churches of Ceton and Saint-Ulphace. He likewise gave c.1125 to the monks of Saint-Denis the church of Unverre that Gaston de Brou gave them and that his mother Eustachie unjustly retained; for which gift he received 10 livres and his wife, Mabel, 100 sous. About 1127 he witnessed a charter of Ives de Courville, by which he quitclaimed his land in Courville to Thibaut IV, Count of Blois. In 1136 he granted various privileges to Tiron Abbey. In 1140 he confirmed the gift of Bois-Ruffin made by Ursion de Meslay. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumièges (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Guérard Cartulaire de Saint Père de Chartres 2 (1840): 471-476, 483-486, 494-495. Lépinois Histoire de Chartres 1 (1854): /41. Etudes sur le Maine, Noblesse du Maine aux Crusades (1859): 49-50. Charles & Elbenne Cartulaire de Saint-Vincent du Mans (1886-1913): Merlet Cartulaire de l'Abbve de la Sainte-Trinité di Tiron 1 (1883): cvii-cix (arms of Guillaume Goet dated 1139: Mi-parti au 1er d'argent à deux chevrons de sable; au 2e trois chevrons brisés d'or), 24-27, 78-79, 104-106. Merlet Inventaire-sommaire des Archives départementales anterieures (11790: Eure-et-Loir, Archives Ecclésiastiques, Serie H 8 (1897): 161. Souancé & Métais Saint-Denis de Nogent-le-Rotrou 1031-1789: Histoire et Cartulaire (1899): LVII-LIX, 103-104 (charter of Guillaume Gouet junior son of Guillaume Gouet dated c.1125), 104-106 (charter dated c.1125 naming Guillaume [Gouet] junior, son of Eustachie wife of [Guillaume] Gouet, and his wife, Mabel), 164-166. Bulls. de la Societé Dunoise Archeologie, Histoire, Sciences & Arts 10 (1904): 171-188. C.P. 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.663, XIII.1014. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      Child of Mabel of England, by Guillaume Gouet:
      a. GUILLAUME GOUET, seigneur of Montmirail, married ISABELLE (or ELIZABETH) OF BLOIS, Duchess of Apulia [see DONZY 4].
      vi. CONSTANCE OF ENGLAND, married ROSCELIN DE BEAUMONT, Vicomte of Beaumont-en-Maine [see BEAUMONT 3].
      vii. ALINE OF ENGLAND, married MATHIEU DE MONTMORENCY, seigneur of Montmorency [see LEICESTER 3 {sic: MONTMORENCY 3}].
      v. SIBYL OF ENGLAND, married ALEXANDER I, King of Scots [see SCOTLAND 1.v], younger son of Malcolm III (Ceannmor), King of Scots, by his 2nd wife, [Saint] Margaret, daughter of Edward Ætheling [see SCOTLAND 1 for his parentage]. He was born about 1077. They had no issue. By an unknown mistress, he had an illegitimate son, Malcolm. He became King of Scotland in 1107 on the death of his elder brother, Edgar, King of Scots. He and his wife, Sibyl, founded the monastery of Scone in Perthshire in 1113-14. He was also a benefactor to Durham and Dunfermline. He invaded Wales in summer 1114, in cooperation with King Henry I of England. His wife, Sibyl, died suddenly at Loch Tay 12 July 1122. ALEXANDER I, King of Scots, died at Stirling 23 April 1124, and was buried before the great altar at Dunfermline, Fife near his father. Rud Codicum Manuscriptorum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Dunelmensis (1825): 216 (Monachi & alii Quorum in Margine Matyrologii: “VII. Kal. Mali [25 April]. Ob. Alexander Rex Scottorum et Soror ejus Matildis Regina Anglorum."), 216 (Monachi & alii Quorum in Margine Matyrologii: "VI. Id. Jul. [10 July] Ob. Sibilla Regina Scottorum."). Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Turnbull Extracta E Variis Cronicis Scocie (1842): 68 (Extracts ex Cronicis Scocie sub A.D. 1122: "Sibilla, illustris regine Scocie, uxor regis Alexandri, filia Henrici Beuclerk regis Anglie, apud Lochtay cellam canonicorum de Scona obiit anno Domini Moc.xxij"). Thorpe Florentii Wigorniensis monachi Chronicon ex chronicis 2 (1849): 78 (sub A.D. 1123: "Alexander rex Scottorum, VII. kal. Maii [25 April], obiit."). Liber Ecclesie de Scone (1863): 1-3 (charter of Alexander I, King of Scots, and his wife, Queen Sibyl; charter witnessed by his nephew [nepos], Alexander, and by William, brother of the queen [frater regine]). Scots Peerage 1 (1904): 3 (sub Kings of Scotland). Lawrie Early Scottish Charters prior to A.D. 1153 (1905): 28-30 (charter to Scone Priory dated c.1120 issued by Alexander I, King of Scots, and his wife, Queen Sibyl, "filia Henrici Regis Angliae"), 262. Dunbar Scottish Kings (1906): 50-57. C.P. 11(1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (800-1400) (1987): XII.655, XIII.205. Fryde & Greenway Handbook of British Chronology (1996): 57. Duncan Kingship of the Scots 842-1292 (2002). Barrow Kingdom of the Scots (2003): 1541-56. Jour. of Medieval Hist. 29 (2003): 129-151. Oram David I: The King Who Made Scotland (2004). Tanner Fams., Friends, & Allies (2004): 313 (Scotland ped.). Green Henry I, King of England & Duke of Normandy (2006): Appendix I, Chart 2 (chart).
      Illegitimate daughter of King Henry I, by Isabel of Meulan, daughter of Robert of Meulan (or de Beaumont), Count of Meulan, by Isabel (or Elizabeth), daughter of Hugues le Grand Count of Crepy [see VERMANDOIS 5 for her ancestry]. Isabel de Meulan married (1st) Gilbert Fitz Gilbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (died 6 Jan. 1147/8) [see PEMBROKE 3] and (2nd) Ralph Bluet, of Silchester, Hampshire and Lacock, Wiltshire (living 1167) [see PEMBROKE 3]. She was allegedly living in 1172.
      i. ISABEL OF ENGLAND. She and her mother, Countess Isabel, witnessed two undated charters of her half-brother, Richard Fitz Gilbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke. Her subsequent history is unknown. Banks Genealogical Hist. of Divers Fams of the Ancient Peerage of England (1826): 301-305. Guizot Hist. des Ducs de Normandie par Guillaume de Jumiège (1826): 284-286 (Guillaume de Jumièges, Histoire des Normands, Liv. VIII, Chap. XXIX). Jour. British Arch. Assoc. 10 (1855): 261-263 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Earl Gilbert to the monks of Usk; charter witnessed by Countess Isabel and Isabel her daughter, Ralph Bloet, and Walter Bloet). C.Ch.R. 2 (1906): 361 (undated charter of Earl Richard son of Gilbert to Goldcliff Priory; charter witnessed by Isabel the earl's mother and Isabel his sister). C.P. 10 (1945): Appendix H, 100-102 (sub Families of the First and Second Earls of Pembroke) ("Actually there is no reasonable doubt that Isabel [de Meulan]s daughter bore her mother's name, lived with her after the elder Isabel's marriage, and continued to do so after her step-father's death. For the first two witnesses to the 2nd Earl of Pembroke's charter for Usk are the Countess Isabel and Isabel her daughter; and in the charter for Goldcliff Priory the first two witnesses are Isabel the Earl's mother and Isabel the Earl's sister. There is no evidence that she ever married."); 11 (1949): Appendix D, 105-121. Schwennicke Europäische Stammtafeln 3(2) (1983): 354 (illegitimate children of King Henry I of England). Winter Descs. of Charlemagne (