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  • Name Margaret  
    Gender Female 
    Person ID I3806  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 12 Sep 2015 

    Family Edward Adair,   b. Abt 1756, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 3 Nov 1800, of, Oconee, South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Married 7 Apr 1784  Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F1086  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
      1. The following genealogical summary of the family of James Adair was provided to me from Shawn Potter Aug 2015. Shawn and his wife Lois are the authors of a book to be published sometime in the future entitiled "Chickasaw Wife and Family of James Adair, Author of the History of the American Indians." The book uses extensive historical documentation and modern DNA analysis to assemble the following family. I provide only a summary of the family and the book should be consulted for the footnotes, more detail, and evidence which all support the following conclusions. (If you are a descendent of this family, Shawn would appreciate your contacting him if you are willing to submit your DNA test results as part of the study upon which the book will be based.) The summary:
      "James Adair was born probably in Ireland say about 1714. He immigrated to America before 1735. James married Eleanor of the Chickasaw Nation in about 1744. Eleanor was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1726. She was a member of the Panther clan. James died probably in Laurens County, South Carolina, after 25 Feb 1784 and before 12 Feb 1796. Eleanor died probably in Laurens County after 3 Jan 1803. James and Eleanor were the parents of the following children:
      1. James Adair, Jr., was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1748. He married Hannah probably in Laurens County say about 1772. Hannah was born probably in Laurens County on 28 Sep 1750. James died in Laurens County on 18 Aug 1818. Hannah died in Laurens County on 10 Nov 1826.
      2. Joseph Adair was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1750. He married Sarah probably in Laurens County say about 1776. Joseph died perhaps in Laurens County after 5 Feb 1804.
      3. John Adair was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1754. He married first Ga-Ho-Ga of the Cherokee Nation probably in Laurens County say about 1780. Ga-Ho-Ga was born in the Cherokee Nation say about 1760. Ga-Ho-Ga died perhaps in Laurens County after 7 Feb 1789. John married second Jane Kilgore probably in Laurens County say about 1790. Jane was born probably in Laurens County say about 1773. John died in present-day Oconee County, South Carolina, after 4 Nov 1815 and before 4 Dec 1815. Jane died perhaps in present-day Oconee County after 4 Dec 1815.
      4. Edward Adair was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1756. He married first Margaret in Philadelphia on 7 Apr 1784. Edward married second Elizabeth Martin of the Cherokee Nation probably in the Cherokee Nation say about 1789. Elizabeth was born probably in the Cherokee Nation say about 1769. Edward died probably in present-day Oconee County after 3 Nov 1800. Elizabeth died probably in the Cherokee Nation after 13 Jul 1816.
      N.B. James and Eleanor had “children” in 1748; and a daughter lived in Georgia between 1788 and 1791."

      1. "Augusta Chronicle and Gazette" (Augusta, GA), 26 Mar 1791, page 3, column 2. “Whereas my wife, Margaret Adair, without my consent or permission, has left my bed and board, and is at present living with another man; I do hereby forewarn all persons from crediting her on my account, either in this state or in any of the United States, as I am determined to pay no debts of her contracting. Edward Adair, Augusta, March 18, 1791.” See also "Augusta Chronicle and Gazette" (Augusta, GA), 11 Jun 1791, page 2, column 3, and page 3, column 1. “Mr. Printer, Please to insert the following piece in your next paper. Whereas Edward Adair, to whom I was unfortunately married the 7th of April, 1784, has thought proper to advertise me in your paper of the 2d of April last, setting forth, that I had left his bed and board without his knowledge, and had taken to live with another man, he therefore forewarned all persons from crediting me on his account, either in the state of Georgia or in any of the United States: - In justice, therefore, to my injured character, and the base disposition of the said Edward Adair, I must beg leave to inform the public, that, in three months after my marriage to the said Edward Adair, he run off from Philadelphia, where he left me without the smallest means of support; but what I could be favored with by the assistance of my relations, or my own labor, the little property he had left in Philadelphia, being a short time after his departure, taken and sold for the payment of his debts. In that situation I remained among my relations until 1788, when I received two letters from him, begging I would come to him at Augusta, in the state of Georgia; setting forth to my by his said letters, that he had acquired a large property, and wishing to settle at Augusta as a merchant; and where, if I would come, he hoped not only to make me happy, but to make me amends for the past injuries he had done me: Though Mr. Adair did not send a single sixpence to bring me to Augusta, agreeable to his request I came. When I came to Augusta, I was informed he was only an Indian trader, from Colonel Le Roy Hammond’s at Snow Hill, and possessed of very little property or credit. I went to Col. Hammond’s where I remained three or four months, during which time I was very kindly treated by all that good family; but Mr. Adair not coming to me in the course of that time, though he knew I was there, induced me to go and stay with Mr. Adair’s sister, in Georgia, where I remained two months, when Mr. Adair came, and then he only stayed with me two days, till he hurried off to the Indian country, leaving me an order on a store for goods to the amount of forty shillings, and pretending he had considerable property in the Indian country, whither it was necessary for him to return without delay, in order to bring down his property and settle with me: But so little was he in a hurry, that I did not see him again for eight months; then he came and said it had not been in his power to bring away his property, but he should be able in a very short time to do it, in order (as he said) to do which, it was necessary to return in a few days, as he could not think himself happy till he had brought his property together, so as to be able to provide for and take care of me. He did return in a few days, leaving me another order on a store for forty shillings in goods, and that is all the support I have had from Mr. Adair since I arrived in Georgia; nor has he ever returned to me. Being much distressed under these circumstances, I must beg leave to inform the public, it was impossible for me to leave the bed and board of Mr. Adair, as I don’t believe he has ever had either, but a bear skin and hut in the Indian country, since he run off from me and mine in Philadelphia; and I am confident, the ungrateful man had very little cause to forewarn all persons from crediting me on his account, either in Georgia or in any of the United States, as I firmly believe a lone woman would starve upon a general and unlimited letter of credit from under his hand, in any or all the states, unless she had some other means of support. Margaret Adair. May 31, 1791.”

      2. From Shawn Potter 6 Sep 2015 -- I asked him the source of the maiden name Elizabeth Walker. He responded with the following:
      Source 1: "Annie Walker Burns, "Military and Genealogical Records of the Famous Indian Woman: Nancy Ward," (Washington, D.C.: Published by the Author, P.O. Box 6183, Apex Station, 1957), 1-40. Edward Adair married a maternal-line granddaughter of ᎾᏅᏰᎯ (A-Gi-Gau) Nancy Ward (c. 1722-1822), Beloved Woman of the Cherokee Nation. Nancy’s mother was a sister of Attakullakulla (c.1708-1778), First Beloved Man - Principal Chief - of the Cherokee Nation from about 1761 to 1777. When Nancy’s first husband, Kingfisher, was killed in battle at Taliwa in 1755, she picked up his weapon and fought in his place. The Cherokee named her Beloved Woman in recognition of her courage and devotion to her people. After her husband’s death, Nancy married Irish deerskin trader Bryan Ward. Their daughter, ᎪᏌᎢᏍᎦ (Go-Sa-I-S-Ga) Betty Ward, married Irish deerskin trader Joseph Martin. Their daughter, Elizabeth Martin, married Edward Adair."
      Source 2: "Emmett Starr, "History of the Cherokee Indians," (Oklahoma City, OK: Warden Co., 1922), 419. Elizabeth previously married James Vann, William Sparingston, and John Shepherd.
      Shawn comments on these two sources as follows:
      "Starr is consider to be a reliable source, but not as complete as one would like sometimes. From memory, I don't think Starr lists Elizabeth's parents, for example. But it seems to be accepted among Cherokee historians that Elizabeth was descended from Nancy Ward. Burns lists Elizabeth's descent from Nancy Ward. Burns is not so well known, so I can't speak about her reliability for certain, but her information seems to make sense.
      In regards to her later surname of Scott, Shawn responds as follows:
      "Edward was administrator of Walter Scott's estate. So some have speculated that Elizabeth either was Walter's daughter or widow. After Edward's death, Elizabeth applied for the pension of her son James Adair, who was killed in the war of 1812. She called herself in that pension Elizabeth Scott. This is all very confusing. Since we know Edward was married to Margaret during the time frame when Walter Scott Adair, son of Elizabeth, was born, we suspect Edward didn't divorce Margaret and did not marry Elizabeth in a church wedding. If Elizabeth had yet another husband, Walter Scott, and she kept his surname, at least after Edward died, this all makes sense. But we are not sure about Elizabeth's other marriages before or after Edward.