Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

Rebecca Canida

Female 1785 - 1847  (61 years)


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  • Name Rebecca Canida 
    Born 10 Oct 1785  , , Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 23 Feb 1847  Winter Quarters (now Florence), Douglas, Nebraska, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Mormon Pioneer Cemetery, Winter Quarters (now Florence), Douglas, Nebraska, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1846  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2015 

    Father James Canida,   b. Abt 1759 
    Mother Abigail S.,   b. Abt 1761, of, , England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1784  of, , England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F996  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 James Knowles,   b. Abt 1781, of Boydton, Mecklenburg, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1807  (Age ~ 26 years) 
    Married Abt 1804  of, , South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Jesse Knowles,   b. 8 Feb 1805, , , South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1814/1815  (Age 9 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F418  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 John Mangum, IV (Patriot),   b. 19 Jan 1763, , Lunenburg, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Mar 1843, Fulton, Itawamba, Mississippi, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 19 Jan 1809  Eaton Township, Warren, Ohio, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Jemima Catherine Mangum,   b. 14 Sep 1809, , Warren, Ohio, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Apr 1848, Mount Pisgah, Union, Iowa, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
    +2. William Mangum,   b. 25 Dec 1811, , Maury, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Feb 1888, Circleville, Piute, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
     3. Rebecca Frances Mangum,   b. 10 Aug 1814, , Giles, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1894, of Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
    +4. John Mangum, V,   b. 10 Jun 1817, Springville, Saint Clair, Alabama, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Apr 1881, Alpine, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     5. James Mitchell Mangum,   b. 6 Jan 1820, Springville, Saint Clair, Alabama, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Feb 1888, Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +6. Joseph Eastland Mangum,   b. Abt 1822, , Pickens, Alabama, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1848, , , Iowa, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 26 years)
     7. Virginia Jane Mangum,   b. 14 Jul 1824, , Maury, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Nov 1904, Beardon, Okfuskee, Oklahoma, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     8. Lucinda Mangum,   b. 20 Jul 1826, near Pickensville, Pickens, Alabama, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1903, Saint Johns, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F755  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. Per "California DAR Ancestry Guide" by the California State Society of the National Society of the DAR, 1976: John Mangum, Revolutionary War private from South Carolina: "b. Jan 19, 1763, Mecklenburg Co. VA; m (1) Betsy Murdock (2) Gurnine Coughlin (3) Rebecca Knowles." [Knowles surname is from Rebecca's first marriage.]

      2. Major autobiography with lots of references to Mangums, Richeys, and Adairs and their history by James Richey [see his notes for transcription] speaks of his wife and her family:
      a. "Lucinda Mangum Richey Born: July 20, 1826, Carrollton, Pickens County, Alabama; Died: February 23, 1903, St Johns, Arizona; Her father: John Mangum Sr.; Her Mother: Rebecca Canada Knoll [Note: Canida Knowles]. John Mangum was a Revolution War soldier, fought under Gen. Morgan and wounded at the Battle of Cow Pens."
      b. "We started and my wife missed (?) the chills, the very next day. When we arrived at Winter Quarters it was late in season. We built a log cabin and then my brother-in-law and myself went to Missouri for supplies. We got a load of corn meal and pork. I was taken sick and had to be hauled home. After we got home Joseph Mangum took the cattle to the mouth of the Soldier to winter on the rushes. Sometime afterwards I went there on a visit and while there, there came a heavy snow and I started for home the next morning on foot and was two days and one night on the road. When I got home, my feet were badly frozen so that I was laid up in bed for quite awhile. While I was in this situation, my mother in law, (Rebecca Canida Knowles) who was living with us was taken sick and died from exposure in travelling so long a journey. She was buried in the graveyard at Winter Quarters."

      3. Reviewed Rootsweb.com Worldconnect 8 Dec 2002.

      4. Canida was often a variation of Cannady or Kennedy.

      5. Censuses:
      1830 US: Pickens Co., Alabama, pages 111-112. The first three related families are all on the same page, the next four related families are on the next page, and James Adair (with son Joseph) is on p. 129:
      Thos. Peeks, males 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
      John Mangum, males 5-10:1; 10-15:2; 15-20:1; 60-70:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
      Cyrus Mangum, males 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 15-20:1.
      Saml. Carson, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1; 80-90:1.
      Saml. Adair, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1.
      Thos. Adair, males 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 15-20:1; 50-60:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 40-50:1.
      Daniel Clark (next door), males 0-5:1; 30-40:1; females 0-5:1; 20-30:1.
      James Adair, males 0-5:2; 15-20:1; 20-30:2 (Joseph b. 1806); 60-70:1; females 15-20:1; 20-30:2; 60-7-:1; no slaves.

      1840 US: Northern District, Itawamba Co., Mississippi, related families from full survey of county census:
      P. 136a: Samuel Adair, males 0-5:2; 5-10:2; 30-40:1; females 0-5:1; 30-40:1. No slaves listed.
      P. 144a: John Mangum, males 15-20:1; 70-80:1; females 10-15:1; 15-20:1; 50-60:1. No slaves listed.
      P. 150a: Joseph Adair, males 30-40:1; females 20-30:1. No slaves listed.
      P. 156a: Thomas Adair, males 20-30: 1; females 0-5: 1; 15-20:1. No slaves listed.
      P. 157a: William Mangum, Jr., males 5-10:1; 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 20-30:1. No slaves listed.

      6. FHL book 976.185 H2p "Pickens County Alabama, History and Families," by Rose Publishing Co., P.O. Box 806, Humboldt, TN 38343, 1998, p. 102, has references to some of our family as indicated by an asterisk [*} that I have added with comments that follow. The church is between Carrolton and Pickensville:
      "Big Creek Church.
      A group of early settlers came together and requested a church be organized in this area between Carrollton and Pickensville in order to have a place to worship. Rev. Silas Dobbs and Rev. Charles Stewart met with the group to establish rules and regulations to constitute a Baptist church. They agreed to meet once per month, on Saturday, to transact all church business and on Sunday for a day of worship.
      The founding members were Notley Gilmore, John Mangum*, Charles W. Nalls, Samual Adair*, Robert McVey, Mathew Gilmore, Mary Jane Jones, Anna Hiespeth, Rebecca Mangum*, Jermiah Mangum*, Nancy Huggins*, Alcey Johnson, Rebecca Adair* and Pheobe Clark*. They were declared a regular number of members of the church and entitled to all privileges of the gospel church and its to be known as Big Creek Church on January 10, 1829.
      The building was a wood frame with wood shutters. There was no way to heat the church during cold weather. Many times services were not held because of the cold weather and heavy rains.
      Membership grew rapidly for many years until the Baptist church was organized in Carrollton, and other churches in the areas close by. Both black and white members worshiped together through the late 1860s. The church was divided by a partition in half for the black members to worship with their own pastor until they were able to build their own place of worship.
      As time passed, the church membership grew...
      The membership became smaller and smaller. The members were moving away and going to other churches. The final church record was on December 1891...
      The church was located on Highway 86 West about six miles from Carrollton, Alabama. There is not a building there, but the church cemetery is on the right of the highway, very overgrown and unkept, tombstones falling down and scattered. Many of Pickens County early pioneers are buried there."
      *My comments as to relatives:
      John Mangum - the Patriot, 1763-1843.
      Samual Adair - Samuel Jefferson Adair, 1806-1889. Samuel marries John Mangum's daughter Jemima.
      Rebecca Mangum - most likely John Mangum's wife Rebecca Canida, 1785-1847.
      Jermiah Mangum - no idea who this may be; there is no known Jeremiah Mangum to date in the family. May be a bad transcription for Jemima Mangum, but there are none known with this surname at the time since John Mangum's dau. Jemima had married Samuel Jefferson Adair many years before.
      Nancy Huggins - John Mangum's daughter Nancy, 1794-1877, who married Austin Hudgens.
      Rebecca Adair - most likely Rebecca Brown, 1784-1846, who married Thomas Adair and was mother to Samuel and Phoebe on this list.
      Phoebe Clark - Samuel Jefferson Adair's sister, Fairby, 1809-1836, who married Daniel Clark.
      Photos of the Big Creek Missionary Baptist Church are found in another book, FHL 976.185 H2h "The Heritage of Pickens County, Alabama," by Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., PO Box 67, Clanton, AL 35046, 1999, pp. 58-59. The church existed until 1931 and some time after 1942 the old church either fell down or was torn down. Burial date from the early 1830s to 1934.
      FHL book 976.185 V3p "Pickens County, Alabama Cemetery Records 1983," by the Pickens County Genealogical Society, 1984, lists the burials in "Big Creek Cemetery". None with the surnames of the above are shown here except for "Frank F. Hudgins, Co. D. 41st Al. Inf, CSA (no dates)." Frank was most likely Austin and Nancy Hudgen's son.

      BIOGRAPHY:
      1. Received from Don and Carolyn Smith, 2003; this seems to be a compilation of various family histories:
      "Rebecca Canida Knowles Mangum, Third Wife of John Mangum." Rebecca Canida was born in England [see research note above showing three children in 1880 show their mother born in Pennsylvania] on the 10th of October. There is some discrepancy as to the year of her birth. One record indicated that the year was 1785, another 1787, and still another in 1790. The location of her birthplace is not known. She was the daughter of James Canida and Abigall (maiden name is unknown). Rebecca had one son from her first marriage, Jesse Knowles. As mentioned in John Mangum's history, she was the mother of eight of John's children. The history of these children appear later in the book. Little is known of the life of Rebecca until her husband, John's death in 1843. Following his death she lived in Fulton, Mississippi until 1846. In the fall of 1844 a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, James Richey, was in Fulton, Mississippi [refer to James autobiography for full account]. Some of Rebecca's children heard his teachings were favorably impressed. Three of the family, Gemima, John and James Mitchell became members. The strong desire of the early members of the Mormon Church to gather at the Central Stake of Zion was felt in Mississippi. Rebecca and all her children except Jane moved to Nauvoo, Illinois. They apparently traveled by land during the winter of 1845 and 1846. Upon her arrival in Nauvoo, her youngest daughter, Lucinda, married the missionary, James Richey [see photo with article], who had brought the gospel to her family. The Illinois mobs were at this time forcing the Latter-day Saints (Mormons) from their homes in Nauvoo. Soon after the marriage, probably in January or February of 1846, Rebecca accompanied her daughter and new son-in-law along with other relatives as they too left Nauvoo. The extreme cold of the winter was hard on the travelers, as their only shelter was their wagons and what wagon covers or tents they were able to carry with them. Rebecca was fortunate that her son-in-law had a team and wagon. Those less fortunate were forced to travel on foot, carrying on their backs their only earthly possessions. That spring and summer were spent at the second camping area of the Mormons, Camp Pisgah. Here they built a log cabin to provide some shelter from the elements. This was beyond the frontier of that day, yet close enough to the frontier settlements that they could return to obtain provisions. Rebecca's son-in-law made such a trip to the settlements of Missouri to obtain food for the next winter. Late in season of 1846 they moved father west to Council Bluffs, Iowa where they again built a log cabin and prepared to spend the winter. The traveling and exposure proved too much for Rebecca and she died Feb. 23, 1847 at the age of 60. Her grave is in the Winter Quarters Cemetery. During this time James Richey was laid up with frozen feet."

      2. From Don and Carolyn Smith, three part writings of Samuel Newton Adair. [Carolyn referred me to Becky Hamblin [bhamblin79@hotmail.com] to try to locate the original of this; Becky in turn believes Collins Chapman in Mesa may have since Collins' mother is the granddaughter who hand wrote it for Samuel]. The following is one of the three parts [see Samuel Newton Adair's notes for full quotation]: "Luna, New Mexico, October 7, 1919. I, Samuel Newton Adair, will write what I know about my mother's folks. My grandfather's name was John Mangum and he married Rebecca Noles, so my grandmother's name was Rebecca Mangrum, my grandfather Mangum was a revolutionary soldier with General Morgan (one of his minute men.) He was taken prisoner with a lot of other men by the british soldiers and they set them on a log and split their heads open, all but my grandfather's and he had some kind of varmint skin cap on and that and the skull stopped the force of the sword and it glanced off and cut his ear nearly off and they turned him lose. He married after the war was over as stated above. Their children are: Cyrus Mangrum, Joseph Mangrum, John Mangrum, William Mangrum and James Mangrum. The daughter's names were: Jeney Mangrum, Gemima Mangrum, Rebecca Mangrum, and Lucinda Mangum. They were all my uncles and aunts. Joseph Mangrum married Emiline Hanner, William married Aunt Sally Adair, John married Aunt Mary Ann Adair, James Mangrum married Jane Clark, my father's niece. I don't know who uncle Cyrus Mangum married. Jeney Mangrum married George Crawford, Gemima Mangrum married Samuel Jefferson Adair, my father. Rebecca Mangrum married Joseph Adair, my father's cousin. Lucinda Mangrum married James Richey, my father's nephew."

      BIRTH:
      1. Cemetery record below indicates age 60 at time of death in 1847 making a birth year of 1787 reasonable. Month and day is traditional among several LDS group sheets; however, it appears to be undocumented. Endowment record information given by her daughter as noted below indicates; "b. 10 Oct 1785, d. Feb 1847, md. John Mangum." I use the latter source.

      2. US census for 1880 for children Lucinda, Rebecca, and William list mother's birthplace at Pennsylvania. Lucinda in 1900 uses Pennsylvania. Traditionally most people have listed undetermined location in England. Some other undocumented family group sheets use alternative birthplace of Boydton, Mecklenberg, Virginia. Daughter Jane in 1880 gives another variant of South Carolina. I use Pennsylvania since the source seems to be the best so far even though it is secondary.

      MARRIAGE:
      1. James Knowles. Some Ordinance Index entries tentatively reference James Knowles abt 1806 of Boydton, Mecklenburg, VA. No documentation of first name or marriage is given. A better source is the temple work done for their son Jesse Knowles in 1877 by William Mangum, his step-brother which states Jesse was born 8 Feb 1805 in South Carolina. William in 1877 probably had better information than we do presently. About 1804 in South Carolina appears to be a more educated guess for the marriage.

      2. Biographical info per the book "John Mangum, American Revolutionary War Soldier and Descendants," 1986, p. 7-16, by Delta Ivie Mangum Hale: "John's second wife died, and he was again left a widower. Following her death he moved to Warren County, Ohio, later changed to Clinton County. It was here that he met his third wife, Rebecca Knowles. The were married Jan. 19, 1809 at Lebanon, Warren County, Ohio. (Marriage Licenses of Warren County, No. 1 and 2, p. 30.)"

      3. From the following website http://www.co.warren.oh.us/genealogy/Marriages1803-1834-Grooms%20%20M-Z.htm "Warren County Genealogical Society, Warren County, Ohio; Marriage Records, 1803-1834 - Grooms Index, M-Z": MONGRAM, John; KNOWLS, Rebecca, year 1809, p. 30.

      4. Family Search accessed 22 Nov 2011 has an actual image of the marriage record. It reads: "State of Ohio, County of Warren. Maried John Mangram to Rebecca Knowles both of Eaton Township, January the 19th 1809. Gre'y Dakin, Justice of the Peace."

      DEATH:
      1. Deseret News newspaper, Sat., 26 Sep 1936, p. 5, has an article about about the LDS monument at Winter Quarters Cemetery showing Rebecca Mangum, d. 23 Feb 1847. Also same information is in the book by Susan Easton "Inscriptions on Tombstones... LDS Burial Grounds," which gives as its source the article by Andrew Jensen in Deseret News, 26 Sep 1936, p. 5. The actual citation is entitled "The Tragedy at Winter Quarters" and is a chronological account on a daily basis from various sources of events at Winter Quarters. It reads for Feb. 1847: "Tuesday, Feb. 23. Rebecca Mangum (aged 60 years) wife of John Mangum, died." Copy on file.

      2. Http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library: Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868 Source of Trail Excerpt: Richey, James, Autobiography [n.d.], 4-5.
      Trail Excerpt: "...Soon after i was married i crost the missi[ss]ppi river and started west[.] wee stopt on the desmoin [Des Moines] river and waited for some provistions[.] wee also stopt on fore river and workt a while[.] wee then traveled on to pisga[h.] here I was taken down sick and was neare unto death but finally i got beter and my wife was takeen down sick and was very low for a long time but finally recovered[.] i stayed at pisga[h] tel late in the fall when mee and my brother in law Joseph mangum moved to winter quarters on the missouri river whare I stayed tel spring[.] while we ware in ioway [Iowa] my brother benjamin left is [us] and went on to council bluffs[,] whare entered the mormon battallion and went to calafornia [California] whare he died and thus i was deprived of a friend that was neare and deare to mee
      my wifes mother died at winter quarters from being exposed in traveling in an inclemant season of the year[.] i stayed at winter quarters tel spring and then started with the first camp for the vall[e]y of the mountains whare i arrived with my family after a long and tegious [tedious journey]-i arrived in salt lake vally in october in the year 1847[.] i left my fathers family at winter quarters on the missouri river whare they lived tel the spring of forty eight when they started for salt lake vally and joined mee in the fall of the same year[.] when they left my father started on a mishion [mission] to texas leeveing his mother at winter quarters[.] he filled his mishion and returnd to winter quarters and emigrateed to the val[l]ies in the year 50 [gran…] and ther[e] died of colerry [cholera]"

      BURIAL:
      1. Rebecca is in the Mormon Pioneer Cemetery at Winter Quarters next to the LDS temple and visitors' center. Avard Fairbanks, the famous sculptor of the Angel Moroni on LDS temples, created a beautiful bronze-sculpted Honor Roll of many names upon which her name is inscribed. Also in book by Susan Easton Black of Tombstone Inscriptions at LDS Burial Grounds. Confirmed with the Mormon Trail Visitors' Center (402-453-9372). Record states: Rebecca Mangem, wife of John Mangem, died 23 Feb 1847 at the age of 60. They indicate there are no other Adairs nor Mangums in this cemetery. See website www.avardfairbanks.com and www.signaturebooks.com/excerpts/avard.htm for other Fairbanks sculptures including several at this cemetery. The most famous is the "Winter Quarter Grieving Parents over an Infant's Praire Gravesite." I have visited the gravesite 8 May 2007 and found that there is a grandson Beely Mangum on the plaque. There is now also a LDS temple on the burial grounds as well as a Visitor's Center across the street.

      ACTION:
      1. Do early census search for Canidas in Pennsylvania or otherwise look for Canidas in Penn. Try also the name variation of Kennida or Kennedy.

      2. Do marriage search for Knowles and Canida in South Carolina.