Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

John Wesley Adair

Male 1820 - 1903  (83 years)

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  • Name John Wesley Adair 
    Born 18 Feb 1820  , Greene, Alabama, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 5 May 1903  Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Nutrioso Cemetery, Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1447  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 14 Jan 2015 

    Father Thomas Adair,   b. 25 Oct 1771/1777, , Laurens, South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1858, , , Mississippi, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Rebecca Brown,   b. 3 Nov 1784, , Laurens, South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1846, Mount Pisgah, Union, Iowa, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Married Abt 1803  of Laurens, South Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F769  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Harriet Cordelia Williams,   b. 10 Nov 1829, Ridgeway, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1907, Burlington, Des Moines, Iowa, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Married 8 Feb 1849  Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Francis William Brooks,   b. 9 Feb 1850, , , California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Jun 1851, At Sea Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F226  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Rebecca Frances Mangum,   b. 10 Aug 1814, , Giles, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1894, of Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married Sep 1858  Washington, Washington, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F840  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
      1. Censuses:
      1830 US: Pickens Co., Alabama, pages 111-112. The first three related families are all on the same page, the next four related families are on the next page, and James Adair (with son Joseph) is on p. 129:
      Thos. Peeks, males 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
      John Mangum, males 5-10:1; 10-15:2; 15-20:1; 60-70:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
      Cyrus Mangum, males 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 15-20:1.
      Saml. Carson, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1; 80-90:1.
      Saml. Adair, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1.
      Thos. Adair, males 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 15-20:1; 50-60:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 40-50:1.
      Daniel Clark (next door), males 0-5:1; 30-40:1; females 0-5:1; 20-30:1.
      James Adair, males 0-5:2; 15-20:1; 20-30:2 (Joseph b. 1806); 60-70:1; females 15-20:1; 20-30:2; 60-7-:1; no slaves.

      1860 US: Washington, Washington, Utah, enumerated 27 Jul 1860, page 1035 indicates house #1285 and family #1110 (Samuel Adair, Thomas Adair, Wesley Adair, James Richey, Geo. W. Adair, James Mangum, John Mangum, Valentine Carson, John Price, William Mangum, Cyrus Mangum, Samuel N. Adair are all listed as neighbors):
      Wesley Adair, 39, farmer, $150 real estate, $175 personal property, AL.
      Rebecca, 44, TN.
      Frances, 8, UT.

      1870 US: Washington, Washington, Utah, 6 Jul 1870, Roll 1613 Book 1, p. 412a, household 45, family 45 (related neighbors out of a total of 108 homes include the following heads of households: John Wesley Adair, Charles Searles, John Milton Adair, Valentine Carson, William Mangum, Jeremiah Stayner, and Samuel J. Adair):
      John W. Adair, 47, farmer, $500 real estate, $300 personal property, Alabama.
      Rebecca, 55, keeping house, TN.

      1880 US: National Archives film T9-0036, p. 28D for St. Johns Village, Apache, Arizona (note: several Adairs listed as neighbors in Apache county):
      Wesley Adair, farmer, self, 59, AL Unk MO.
      Rebeca Adair, house keeping, wife, 65, TN VA PA.

      1900 US: Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, Roll 45, Book 1, page 28 (Note: Living with Winnie Martin family and he is listed as Grand Uncle. Winnie is a widow and dau. of Frances Mangum (mother). Frances was born Oct 1843 in Mississippi of parents who were both born in Alabama.):
      Wesley Adair, b. Feb 1820, age 80, single, b. AL, fa. b. TN, mo. b. TN.

      2. Norma Ricketts in her book on the Mormon Battalion lists name as G. Wesley Adair. Is the G. a misinterpretion of a J? I have seen some renditions as George Wesley Adair. The official website lists his name as Wesley Adair. Mexican War pension records show Wesley Adair. 1870 census has John W. Adair.

      3. From Don and Carolyn Smith, one part of three writings of Samuel Newton Adair. [As to source, Carolyn referred me to Becky Hamblin [] to try to locate the original of this; Becky in turn believes Collins Chapman in Mesa may have it since Collins' mother is the granddaughter who hand wrote it for Samuel]: "Luna, New Mexico, January 22, 1920. I, Samuel Newton Adair, will write what I know about my father's folks. My grandfather on father's side was named Thomas Adair. He married Rebecca Brown. He lived at Lawrence County, South Carolina in 1806. My father was the oldest son of Samuel Jefferson Adair. Thomas Adair was the next oldest son. George Adair was next oldest son. John Wesley Adair was the youngest son and went with the Mormon Battalion in 1846. The girls names were Eliza Adair Price, Sally Adair Mangum, died on the plains in 1852. Mary Ann Adair Mangum married John Mangum."

      4. Email 2 Aug 2006 from Kathy Petersen, a descendant of Joseph and Rebecca : "I know absolutely nothing about his background outside of what you have (and most of it I probably got indirectly from you.) Lucinda had twelve children from several different husbands and my gggrandma was not raised by her, but I've always been interested to find out her story. I have quite a bit of information on her life, but very little on her parents.
      Here's my line (in a nutshell.) Lucinda Jane Adair married Benjamin Brown Crow in 1858 (presumably in Southern Utah.) They had five children but the middle three died in Clover Valley NV in a plague of some type around 1865-1866. My ancestor Lucinda Jane (Jane) Crow was born in 1867 in Hebron, Utah and then Lucinda left BB Crow for a lumber merchant named O.P. Sherwood. He had brothers who, I think, married Adair women later on. BB Crow took the baby from Lucinda and OP and took her to be raised in California by his relatives. She had very little contact with her mother after that, but did visit her in California at least once.
      I know that her sister Rebecca Frances (Frances) married Jeremiah Stayner in 1868 or 1869 in Hebron. They all left Hebron together that spring or summer (against counsel) and headed back towards Clover Valley. Wesley and Becky went too. Lucinda was excommunicated that summer for leaving her husband and BB disfellowshipped for "taking his family to live among the Gentiles and exposing them to temptation." (This info is in the Hebron Ward Records which are handwritten and very hard to read.)
      Lucinda lived in Pioche with OP and had several children with him, then married (?) a guy named William Throp and moved to California around 1879 - first Monterey county then Fresno. They had at least two daughters together.
      I can surmise that Joseph had a good relationship with his daughters because they both named their first sons after him."

      5. The following is a small excerpt of a larger listing (see Samuel Newton Adair's notes for full transcription), which was received in digital form from Don and Caroline Smith, 2003. Regardless of the title - "Family Records of Samuel Newton Adair" - I am not sure if this is really a transcript of records kept by Samuel Newton Adair or not. Some death dates given for some of the individuals are after the date Samuel Newton Adair himself died. I spoke in person with Collins Chapman of Mesa, Arizona, in Feb. of 2006. He did not recognize it. Collins' family is the source of most of the biographical information on Samuel and Collin's mother was responsible for the autobiography of Samuel Newton Adair who dictated it to her. The following came to me as an addendum to a typed copy of that autobiography; however, I have now seen a portion of the original handwritten dictation and find no such attachment. The following therefore has no documented source that I can find thus far and should be used with caution:
      [A.] "Father: Thomas Adair; Mother: Rebeca Brown; Children:
      Samuel Jefferson Adair
      Fairby Adair
      Margaret Adair
      Eliza Adair
      Sally Adair
      Thomas Adair
      George Washington Adair
      Mary Ann Adair
      John Wesley Adair
      Laney Adair"
      [B.] "Thomas Adair – Married Rebeca Brown:
      Samuel Jefferson Adair - Born at Lawrence Co., South Carolina, March 28, 1806. Baptized by Elder John Dowdle, Nov. 27, 1845. Confirmed by Elder John Dowdle, Nov. 30, 1845. Ordained an Elder by Daniel Thomas, a High Priest by John Young in 1855. Married Jamima Mangum. Filled a mission to Southern Utah in 1857. Migrated Mississippi to Nauvoo, Illinois on Jan. 10, 1846. Died at Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona, July 6, 1889.
      Fairby Adair - married Daniel Clark
      Margaret Adair - married William Richey
      Eliza Adair - married John Price
      Sally Adair - married William Mangum. Died of cholera on the Plains in 1852.
      Thomas Adair - married Fanny Rogers. Died at Showlow, Navajo County, Arizona.
      George Washington Adair - married Miriam Billingsley. Died at Orderville, Utah.
      Mary Ann Adair - born at Pickens co., Alabama, July 5, 1824. Baptized by James Richey, 1844. Confirmed by Daniel Thomas in 1844. Married John Mangum. Endowed at Endowment House, Salt Lake City. Died of asthma at Pahreah, Utah.
      John Wesley Adair - born in 1820. Died at Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona. Was a member of the Mormon Battalion.
      Laney Adair - married John Winn."

      6. Mormon Battalion:
      A. Per the book "The Mormon Battalion, US Army of the West," by Norma Ricketts, G. Wesley Adair was a private in the Mormon Battalion, Company C, and as of March 1882 was a farmer in Arizona. He made it to California and was part of the Hancock-Los Angeles company of about 150 men who traveled up California's Central Valley to Sutter's Fort. Many went on to Salt Lake City immediately, but Wesley was one of the 105 who remained behind and worked for Sutter. Wesley contributed $10.00 to the purchase of two small decorated brass parade cannon from Captain John Sutter to take to the leaders of the Mormon Church. The cannon had been left behind in Moscow as the defeated Napoleon fled during the winter of 1812-13. Later the cannon were brought to Fort Ross in northern California, the Russian fur trade outpost. Sutter purchased the cannon from the Russians, along with other supplies, when the Russians closed Fort Ross. The two brass cannon, a four pounder and six pounder, were put on runners and carried in a wagon by the Holmes-Thompson company to Great Salt Lake Valley of which Wesley was a part. The group of 39 veterans and some others arrived between 24 Sep. and 6 Oct. 1848 in Salt Lake. It is not known where the cannon are today. (Possibility of them having being used for pile drivers at the St. George Temple site.) Wesley was one of thirty soldiers who later settled Arizona and contributed greatly to the colonization of Arizona. His nephew Benjamin Richey was also a private in the same company.
      B. LDS Journal of History, 1 May 1848: "May 1848, A number of Battalion brethren and others in Sacramento Valley, California, subscribed $512.00 and bought two brass cannons of Captain John A. Sutter, to be taken to the Great Salt Lake for the benefit of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Following are the names of the donors: [46 names listed including the following:]
      Wilford Hudson $20.00
      Wesley Adair 10.00
      Jacob M. Truman 15.40
      C. FHL film 0471465 "Mexican War Pension Records" for Wesley Adair:
      p. 1: Index card for Wesley Adair, Mormon Batt'n Iowa Vols. (Mexican War.) Co. C. Private. Lists 7 card numbers. Number of personal papers herein: 0.
      p. 2: Muster in at Council Bluffs, July 16, 1846, for one year.
      p. 3: Company Muster Roll, Private Co. C, July 16 to Aug 31, 1846, not stated if present or absent.
      p. 4: Company Muster Roll, Private Co. C, Sept & Oct, 1846, not stated if present or absent.
      p. 5: Company Muster Roll, Private Co. C, Jan & Feb 1847, not stated if present or absent.
      p. 6: Company Muster Roll, Private Co. C, [unreadable] 1847, not stated if present or absent.
      p. 8: Company Muster Roll, Private Co. C, May & Jun 1847, not stated if present or absent.
      p. 9: Company Muster-out Roll, Private Co. C, appears on muster our roll date July 16, 1847 [location unreadable], last paid Feb 28, 1847.

      7. Per "": Adair, or Adairville, was a Mormon settlement established in 1878 in what was then Apache County of Arizona Territory. It was located about 3 miles NW of Show Low. This area became Navajo County on Mar. 21, 1895. Adair was founded by Wesley Adair and his brother Thomas Jefferson Adair, Jr., and Thomas's wife Mary Vance. The Adair family built a home about one-fourth of a mile from Show Low Creek. Soon, other families came and settled in the valley. It was beautiful country but had a limited water supply. Many of the Adairs and other families left the area to move to Show Low and surrounding regions. All traces of Adair are gone except for Adair Cemetery which ironically has no one with surname of Adair buried there. Contact: Delbert Adair, Jr. at

      8. Two monuments erected in Washington, Washington, Utah:
      A. "Adair Spring, The Birthplace of Utah's Dixie, Washington City, Utah - Erected by the citizens of Washington City & The Washington City Historical Society, 1996. In early 1857 Brigham Young called a group of Southerners on a cotton mission to Southern Utah to raise cotton. Samuel Newton Adair [this is a mistake; should be Samuel Jefferson Adair], the leader of ten families, arrived at this spot April 15, 1857, after leaving Payson, Utah on March 3. They camped here a short time and then moved down near the Virgin River on what became known as the Sand Plot. Apostle Amasa M. Lyman who was passing through the area recommended they move back to the spring area which they did. Robert Dockery Covington arrived here May 5 or 6, 1857, with 28 more Southern families. They left the Salt Lake area shortly after the LDS Spring Conference held around April 6. On May 6 or 7 a two day meeting was held at this site under the direction of Isaac C. Haight, President of the Parowan Stake. They sang songs, prayed and selected Robert D. Covington to be the President of the LDS branch, and Harrison Pearce and James B. Reagan as assistants. Wm. R. Slade and James D. McCullough were appointed Justices of the Peace, John Hawley and James Matthews as constables, G.R. Coley as stray pound keeper and Wm. R. Slade, Geo. Hawley and G.W. Spencer as school trustees. They named their city Washington. It was too late to plant wheat, so they prepared the ground for corn and went right to work making dams and ditches to water their crops. Their homes were their wagon boxes, willow and mud huts and dugouts dug in the bank east of this monument. Their new home soon was called 'Dixie'. Those who came in the spring of 1857 were: [43 names listed "and others; the following names are those related.] Adair, George W.; Adair, John M.; Adair, Joseph; Adair, Newton (L.N.)[Samuel Newton]; Adair, Samuel [Jefferson]; Adair, Thomas; Mangum, John; Mangum, William; Price, John; Rickey [Richey], James."
      B. "'Utah's Dixie' - Washington City Founded 1857. Erected by the Washington City Historical Society, November 1994. This monument is erected in honor and memory of the founders of Washington City. The settlers who arrived in 1857 were sent here by Brigham Young, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, for the purpose of growing cotton to clothe the Mormon pioneers and to colonize the territory. Those early pioneers named their city on May 5 or 6, 1857 in honor of George Washington and also called the area 'Dixie' in remembrance of their former homes in the South. Living in the arid desert proved extremely difficult. Reoccurring challenges such as malaria (ague or chills and fever), the lack of food, poor water, and other diseases disabled and decimated the settlers. The Virgin River, providing water to irrigate fields, was crucial to the settlers. However frequent flash floods, washed out the dams built to divert water from the river to the fields. This resulted in starvation and undue hardship. It took the pioneers thirty-four years to conquer the mighty "Rio Virgin" doing so with the completion of the Washington Fields Dam in 1891. [Pioneer names arranged into three groups; 43 'and others' in 1857, 19 in 1860, and 26 'and others' in 1861-62. The names that follow are only those related.]
      i. 1857: Adair, George W.; Adair, John M.; Adair, Joseph; Adair, Newton (L.N.)[Samuel Newton]; Adair, Samuel [Jefferson]; Adair, Thomas; Mangum, John; Mangum, William; Price, John; Richey, James.
      ii. 1860 US: Adair, Wesley; Mangum, Cyrus; Mangum, Joseph M.
      iii. 1861-62: [none]."

      9. The book "Utah's 'Dixie' Birthplace," by Harold P. Cahoon and Priscilla Cahoon, pp. 272-276, has a map and lists landowners as of the resurvey of 1873. Names are spelled as recorded. Relations included are:
      John M. Adair, blk. 15, lot 3. [SE corner of Main and 1st S.]
      John Price, blk. 34, lot 8. [SW corner of 2nd N and 1st E.]
      Wesley Adair, blk. 34, lot 10. [ 4th lot N on W side of 1st E halfway between 1st and 2nd N.]
      Samuel [J.] Adair, blk. 35, lots 1,11,12. [NW corner of 1st N and 2nd E.]
      Samuel N. Adair, blk. 35, lots 3,4. [2nd and 3rd lot N on E side of 1st E between 1st N and 2nd N.]
      Levi W. Hancock, blk. 41, lots 1,2,3,6. [Southern 2/3 of block between 1st and 2nd W and 2nd and 3rd N.]
      James Richey, blk. 34, lot 2. [NE corner of Main and 1st N.]

      10. Robin Adair indicates he was a member of Major John Wesley Powell's 1871 expedition support.

      11. From the book "Nutrioso and Her Neighbors," by Nina Kelly and Alice Lee [bracketed notes by myself]:
      p. V: "Nutrioso has never been a large town, perhaps no more than 800 at any one time." [Photo of Nutrioso in 1896 is included with article.]
      p. 31: "Alpine is about 8 miles southeast of Nutrioso, elev. 8,000', at the head of the San Francisco River. It is on the SE side of the Continental Divide while Nutrioso is on the NW side of the watershed."
      p. 61: "John Wesley Adair (son of Thomas Jefferson and Rebecca Brown Adair) b. 1820, TN; died May 1903, Nutrioso, AZ. He married Rebecca Mangum, (dau. of John and Rebecca Knowles Mangum) b. 1814, TN. They did not have any Children. Rebecca (Becky) had three children by a previous husband, Joseph Adair (son of James and Rebecca Adair). John Wesley Adair was a member of the Mormon Battalion. He was a brother to Samuel Jefferson Adair. He marched from the Missouri River through Southern Arizona, to Los Angeles. After they came to Nutrioso, he would entertain the children by telling of his experiences in the Battalion and of the mobs in Nauvoo, Illinois." The children were:
      Joseph Newton, d. young.
      Rebecca Frances, m. Jeremiah Staynor.
      Lucinda, m. Orin Sherwood.
      pp. 222-223: "Judge George H. Crosby wrote a column in the St. Johns Observer for a time and among his articles was a lovely one on Nutrioso 40 years before. He called it Nutrioso As It Was." [Some quotes follow:]
      "Then there was George Adair, the best hunter of all those mountain settlements, and incidentally one who always knew all the community news. And Mrs. Lucinda Wilkins and Aunt Francis Mangum, who soon after, became widows and who have spent their lives caring for the sick - both had hearts of gold."
      pp. 251-256: Hand drawn plot and block land map with the following comments:
      "Wesley and Rebecca Adair lived on 9-2, a one-room log house bouth from Lime Hamblin. Wesley had been in the Mormon Battalion. He lived 20 years in Nutrioso and died in 1903."

      12. Mexican War Veteran files from FHL film 0480629 for "The National Archives, Mexican SC 7562, Wesley Adair, Private, Service: Battln. Iowa Mormon Vols., Can No. 102, Bundle No. 27." File is 38 pages long. I summarize and keynote the pages as follows:
      1. Pension case 7562. Pension results of the "Acts of Jan. 29, 1887 and Jan. 5, 1893" for survivors of the Mexican War. Name listed is Wesley Adair, Private, of Company C. of the Iowa Mormon Vols. Battalion. Administering agency originally was at Topeka than transferred to San Francisco May 7, 1877. Rate per month was $12 commencing Aug. 27, 1896. Certificate issued Sept. 5, 1896.
      2. Bureau of Pensions Affidavit dated 21 Aug 1896 concerning consideration as to waiving transcript from assessment record. Notes also that based on the testimonies of claimant and two credible and disinterested witnesses that claimant has no real or personal property.
      3. Affidavit of U.S. Pension Agency in San Francisco date 30 Jun 1903 to the Commissioner of Pensions advising that Wesley Adair is to be dropped due to death, May 5, 1903. Last payment of $12 was 4 Mar 1903.
      4. Case summary page noting rate per month of $8 commencing 29 Jan 1887 with certificate issued 5 Jul 1887 in Topeka pursuant to the Act of Jan. 29, 1887.
      5. Survivor's Service Pension no. 12199 showing Wesley Adair living at Luna, Socorro Co., New Mexico, age 66, enlisting 16 Jul 1846 with discharge 16 Jul 1847. Receipted date was 14 May 1887.
      6. Old War Invalid form no. 25373 for Wesley Adair of Springerville, Apache Co., Arizona Territory shows enlisting 16 Jul 1846 with discharge 16 Jul 1847. Application file 23 Aug 1884 and notes "alleges general debility." Filed in Kansas City, MO.
      7. Administrative notes of 10 Sep 1884 and 1 Jul 1886 with no pertinent info.
      8. Affidavit dated 22 Apr 1895 to the Commissioner of Pensions showing Wesley Adair enlisting 16 Jul 1846 at Council Bluffs with discharge 16 Jul 1847 at Los Angeles, Cal. Also listed are stations of the Company service, which included 31 Oct 1846 near Sacora Mex., 28 Feb 1847 at San Louis Rey, 30 Apr 1847 at Pueblo Del Los Angeles, Cal., and 30 June 1847 at Ciudad de los Angeles.
      9. Letter dated 20 Apr 1896 from the Bureau of Pensions to the Chief of Pension Records Office requesting confirmation that "the soldier was in Mexico, on the coast or frontier thereof, or en route thereto; 60 days."
      10. Title page: "Affidavit of Witness."
      11. Affidavit of Witness form by William Swapp dated 30 Apr 1887 at Socorro Co. New Mexico Territory stating that he has known Wesley Adair for 25 years, that he is at least 62 years of age, and that he enlisted in the company of Captain James Brown. He further attests that he served in the Mexican War at least 60 days based on "knowledge obtained… in conversing with Mexican veterans who had served with same Company with Wesley Adair and his general reputation as a Mexican veteran since I have known him." The form further notes by William Swapp that Wesley Adair was born on or about "Eighteth" of Feb. 1821 at Green County, Alabama per facts obtained from Wesley Adair himself and that he believes "him to be a truthful man."
      12. Affidavit of Witness form by Jeremiah Stayner dated 30 Apr 1887 at Socorro Co. New Mexico Territory stating that he has known Wesley Adair for 30 years, that he is at least 62 years of age, and that he enlisted in the company of Captain James Brown. He further attests that he served in the Mexican War at least 60 days based on "knowledge obtained… in conversing with Mexican veterans who had served with same Company with Wesley Adair and his general reputation as a Mexican veteran since I have known him." The form further notes by William Swapp that Wesley Adair was born on or about "Eightenth" of Feb. 1821 at Green County, Alabama per facts obtained from Wesley Adair himself and that he believes "him to be a truthful man."
      13. Affidavit dated 11 Aug 1896 and written in longhand not on a form: "United States of America, Territory of New Mexico, 5th Judicial District. Mex. [?] #7562, Co. C, Reg. Iowa Mormon Vols. Before me, W. S. George, a Commission. of the District Court of the U.S. of the Fifth Judicial District of New Mexico, personally came Wesley Adair - who upon his oath defeases and says: I am a Veteran of the United States born in the State of Alabama. I am seventy five years of age. I am unable to do manual labor of any kind for my living. I do not possess any real estate property. I do not possess any personal property in this World but my own clothing. I make my home at my married daughters house who are not able to support me and furnish actual necessities I need. I am a pensioner of Mexican War - my income which is ($8.00) eight dollars per month and which is my only income from any source whatsoever is not sufficient to provide for me board and clothing. I feel myself failing in strength yearly and since my 75 birthday in February 1896, I have become indeed too feeble to take proper care of myself without watchful assistance. So help me God. And I further swear that in making this my affidavit, the same was written down for me from my oral statements [cont. to p. 14]
      14. [Cont. from p. 13] then and there made and in making the same I did not use, and was not aided or prompted by any written or printed statement or recital prepared or dictated by any person or persons whatever, but from my own words of mouth as stated to the officer before whom this affidavit is made. [Signed] Wesley Adair. P.O. address is Cooney, Socorro Co., N. Mex. [Legal language follows.]
      15. Affidavit dated 11 Aug 1896 and written in longhand not on a form: "United States of America, Territory of New Mexico, 5th Judicial District. Mex. [?] #7562, Co. C, Reg. Iowa Mormon Vols. Before me, W. S. George, a Commissioner of the District Court of the U.S. of the Fifth Judicial District of New Mexico, personally came Jeremiah Stayner of Socorro Co., N. Mex., a citizen of the U.S. born in Utah, is 51 years of age, and Lee Stayner of the County of Socorro, N. Mex., a citizen of the U.S. born in State of California, is 30 years of age, who upon their oaths defease and say: I Jeremiah Stayner have known Wesley Adair for the past forty (40) years and I Lee Stayner have known Wesley Adair for the past twenty (20) years - and we know of his present condition of health and strength - we know he is a very feeble old man living with his married daughter house. He is 75 years of age, helpless as far as making a living is concerned and totally unable to perform manual labor of any kind. We know he has no means of support further than his present pension income. We know he has no real estate property and that he has no personal property but his personal effects such as his clothing. We know that he is a poor man depending upon his [cont. to p. 16]
      16. [Cont. from p. 15] daughter's family for support and we know that hey are poor people and we know he has no income of any kind from any source whatever but his pension of $8.00 per month as Mexican pensioner. We know these facts from a long standing acquaintance as neighbors and [???] with him many years ago. So help us God. And we further state that this our affidavit was written down for us from our oral statements then and there made to the officer who prepared in writing for us and in making the same we did not use or was not aided or prompted by any written or printed statement or recital prepared or dictated by any other person or persons whatever. [Signed] Jeremiah Stayner, Lee Stayner. Our post office address is Cooney, N. Mex., Socorro Co. [Legal language follows and continues next page.]
      17. [Continuation of legal language from p. 16.]
      18. Certificate of quarterly payments to be made on 4 Mar, 4 Jun, 4 Sep, and 4 Dec. Stamped 21 Jan 1888. Later stamped "Cancelled Jan 4 1897."
      19. Certificate from the Bureau of Pensions entitled "Survivor's Pension" certifying Wesley Adair is entitled to a pension of $8.00 per month to commence on 29 Jan 1887.
      20. A second copy of previous Certificate of quarterly payments to be made on 4 Mar, 4 Jun, 4 Sep, and 4 Dec. Stamped 21 Jan 1888. Later stamped "Cancelled Jan 4 1897."
      21. A copy of a typed letter dated 2 Sep 1930 from the W.D. Hill of the "Office of the Town Clerk, Miami, Arizona" to the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington D.C. stating: "I am writing you for information regarding scrip, the number of same being II5027 Issued to Wesley Adair, Of Capt. Brown Co. C Mormon Battalion, Mexican War. Dated Oct 2nd 1888. And Signed by John L Black. Is this scrip still outstanding? And If so is it still good for the amount of land called for, and on what class of land may it be used, Thanking you for an early reply." Stamped received 6 Sep 1930 in the Pension Office.
      22. Reply the previous letter dated 22 Nov 1930: "Receipt is acknowledged of your letter relative to the case of Wesley Adair. The records show that a bounty land warrant No. 115027 for 160 acres as provided under the Act of March 3, 1855, was issued to this soldier. The assignment and location of warrants are under the jurisdiction of the General land Office, and a request for information relative thereto should be addressed to the Commissioner of that office, Washington, D.C…"
      23. A form cover entitled "Invalid Claim for Pension" stamp dated 25 Aug 1884 at the Pension Office. Note the word Invalid is not used not valid but as disabled.
      24. Next page of same form stating Wesley Adair enrolled 16 Jul 1847 in Company C commanded by Capt. Brown and was honorably discharged at Los Angeles Cal. On 16 Jul 1847. He 64 years old, 6 feet 0 inches tall, light complexion, light hair, blue eyes. As far as a disability it states: "That while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and to the line of his duty in Ariz. on or about the 15th day of Feby, 1847 from exposure during the service in the Mexican War [contracted?] general debility and has him in poor health ever since partly able to support his family." His occupation since has been a farmer which he was also before his enlistment. It also states that he is now totally disabled from obtaining his subsistence from manual labor. Residence is noted as Springerville in Apache County of the Arizona Territory. Witnesses who signed 2 Aug 1884 with original signatures are Samuel J. Adair and James Richey. Wesley Adair also signs.
      25. Additional legal language of the previous form again with original signatures of Samuel J. Adair and James Richey.
      26. Form cover for "Application of Service Pension - Mexican War" for Wesley Adair.
      27. Next page is the claim page of the same form. Filed 15 Feb 1887 from Apache Co., Ariz. Territory, which is written over the scratched out Socorro Co. of New Mexico. Wesley Adair appeared in from of Wm. J. Dally, District Court Clerk. Wesley is noted as 67 years old living in Lima in Socorro Co. of New Mexico. His service information is the same as already reported above. It does add that he resided in Arizona 5 years, New Mexico 2 years, and 24 years in Utah. Notes his general debility and that he can't perform manual labor. He has not been in any other military service. Notes that he was married at Washington City, Utah, Sept. 1858 to Rebecca Adair who is living. Notes also that he had previously applied for a pension and land warrant filed 7 Aug 1884. He states he was born in Green County, Alabama, that he is 64 years of age, and 6'-0" tall with light complexion, brown hair, and blue eyes. Current residence is Luna [Lima crossed out], Socorro Co., New Mexico. Original signatures of Wesley Adair and two witnesses, James Richey and William Holgate, are on the form.
      28. Continuation of legal language for the same form. Does note that James Richey is 67 years old and has known Wesley for 60 years. Also states that William Holgate is 40 years old and has known him for 26 years. Both James Richey and William Holgate live in St. Johns, Arizona. They note that they saw him is Salt Lake after his discharge.
      29. Form from the Bureau of Pensions instructing $2 to be witheld for Attorney's fees.
      30. Form "Increase - Mexican War Pension, Acts of Jan. 29, 1887, and Jan. 5, 1893 - Survivor's Brief". Declaration dated April 11, 1896, at Socorro Co., NM. Increases pension to $12 commencing Aug. 27, 1896. Notes that $8 pension started Jan. 29, 1887.
      31. Form "Declaration of Survivor for Pension" noting that Wesley Adair was living in Luna, Socorro Co., NM as of 30 Apr 1887. Same standard information but does add: "marched from Counsel Bluff Iowa to Sandaago [San Diego] California defeated enimy at Tucson."
      32. Form cover sheet "Mexican War Service - Claim for Increase - Act of January 5, 1893." Stamped received 11 Apr 1896.
      33. Declaration for same form dated 14 Mar 1896. Resident of Graham, Socorro, New Mexico. Noted his is wholly disabled due to crippled ankle. He makes claim for $12 per month since he is destitute and $8 per month is insufficient.
      34. Signature of Wesley Adair on previous form attested by Wm. Smith and Harry [Herriman?], both of Mogollon, Socorro Co., NM.
      35. Form "Affidavit of Claimant's Infirmity" dated 30 Apr 1887 at Socorro Co., NM, notes that Wesley Adair because of infirmity is unable to travel to nearest court and that the undersigned Justice of the Peace administered the appropriate oaths.
      36. Form dated 23 Dec 1886 from the Surgeon General's Office, Record and Pension Division, War Department noting that there are no records of Wesley Adair being treated in any hospital.
      37. Letter from Adjutant General's Office of the War Department dated 27 Dec 1886 at Washington D.C. stating that Wesley Adair shows on enlistment and muster out rolls; however, there are not good records for the dates between those dates showing his presence or absence. There are no regimental hospital records on file nor is there any evidence of any disability.
      38. Letter from Pension Office to the Adjutant General of the U.S. Army requesting any records of Wesley Adair being disabled by general disability on 15 Feb 1847 in Arizona.

      13. A transcription of the letter from Brigham Young calling Samuel J. Adair on his mission to Dixie. The scribe for Brigham Young on this letter was a George Sims - he should have been called to a different job - his handwriting was atrocious. Here is our best shot at it. My guesses are in brackets. I asked several of the Archivists about some of the words and they couldn't come any closer than I did. LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Call Number CR 1234/1, Reel 26, Box 18, Folder 4. Brigham Young outgoing correspondence:
      G. S. L. City Dec. 20, 1856
      B. Young to Saml. Adair and others
      Dear Brethren,
      I am [sending] a note in regard to [receipt] of cotton, raisins and Indigo respectively as received.
      We are desirous of having these articles produced as we may for the use of the people of this Territory.
      We are not aware of any Indigo being harvest[ed] in the Territory or of any of the seed being brought. We should like, if you know of any, that you would inform us of the fact, or if you know where it could be obtained.
      We presume that plants of cotton seed can be purchased by the brethren South, who have been somewhat engaged in the business for the past year or two. In regard to your enterprise in this business it would please me to have you do so, but of course you are aware that it would become necessary for you to form the mission South. [Let] me refer you to Bro. Isaac C. Haight who will instruct you in regard to your starting therein, you may consider yourselves on this mission and make your assignments accordingly.
      I remain as ever your Bro. in the Gospel of Salvation. B.Y.
      Samuel Adair, James Adair, John W. Adair, Thomas Adair, William Mangum, James Mangum, Harrison Pierce, John Norton, Fazsen Waiel
      Utah County, U.T.
      Copied by George Sims – Clerk

      14. I visited Washington, Utah and in looking at the old land ownership, I found lots for the following related individuals. The streets are located on a typical Mormon grid with Main St. being the starting street north/south and Telegraph being the same east west:
      -Samuel Adair owned the three adjacent southern lots of the six lots on the west side of 2nd E. from 1st N. to 2nd N. This was directly across the street from the Adair Springs. The blocks here are with 12 lots with the dividing line between the six back to back running north south.
      -Wesley Adair, owned the next lot directly north of Samuel Adair's (leaving 2 from his lot to the corner of 2nd N and 2nd E.
      -Samuel N. Adair owned two lots directly behind Samuel Adair. They were the second and third lots going north from 1st N. and 1st E. on the east side of 1st E.
      -James R. Richey owned the first lot of six going north from Main and 1st N. on the east side of Main.
      -Valentine Carson owned a lot on the same side of the same street as James Richey except it was the sixth or last lot north whereas Richey's was the first.
      -John Price owned the lot directly behind Valentine Carson's on the southwest corner lot of 2nd N. and 1st E.
      -John M. Adair owned the southeast corner of Main and 1st S. That particular block is divided into quarters, so he has one quarter of the block. The other blocks described above for his relations were divided into twelve with six back to back (alley between the six and six runs north/south).

      1. Major autobiography with lots of references to Mangums, Richeys, and Adairs and their history by James Richey [see notes of James Richey for a couple of varying versions of his story] mentions his grandmother [appears she was probably baptized in 1844]. The typographical errors are per the original:
      "After staying with my friends a few days Itawamba County I went to Chickasaw Co. to where my Uncle Thomas Adair lived and preached to them the Gospel in that vicinity. I then returned home to my father's house in Noseuher County. After resting a while I started out in company with elder Daniel Thomas on preacjing tour. We went into the northwestern part of the state of Alabama on the Butteharhe River. From there we went to Itawamba in the state of Mississippi and preached to the people in the neighborhood of Where my relatives lived. A number of them belived and was afterwards baptized into the church. We then went to Chickasaw County in the state of Mississippe and preached into the church. The names of those that were baptized are as follows Thomas Adair and wife, John Mangum and wife, my grandmother, Seli Rebecca Adair and John Wesley Adair. After this I returned home and gave my attention to work of preparing to remove with my fathers friends to the city of Nauvoo in the State of Illiois to wich place we removed in the year of 1845. After we arrived in the City we had much sickness in the family. While I was gone up the river to help to bring down a raft for firewood. My oldest sister Rebecca was taken sick and died in my absence, which was a heavy blow to me as well as the rest of the family. In the course of the year my brother Robert and sister Martha Ann also died with malaria. In the course of the summer I returned to the State of alabama for my grandmother Rebecca Richey but her son kept her money from her so I failed in that part of my mission."

      2. Website
      "John Wesley Adair, born at Pickens or Green County Alabama, Feb. 18, 1821. Married Rebecca ___ at Washington City, Washington, Utah, Sep. __, 1858. Enlisted at Council Bluffs, July 16, 1846, to serve one year as Private, Company C, Mormon Battalion; marched across what is now southern Arizona and was honorably discharged at Los Angeles, July 16, 1847. Returned it Arizona in 1880, and resided for a time at Showlow in Navajo County. The settlement of Adair, Navajo County was named for him. Died at Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona, May 5, 1903, aged 82.
      Sources of information:
      Tyler, D. – Concise History of the Mormon Battalion, 1881, pp. 121, 370.
      McClintock, J.H. – Mormon Settlement in Arizona, Phoenix, 1921, pp. 21, 36, 281, (portrait).
      Barnes, W.C. – Arizona Place Names, Tucson, 1935, p. 9.
      The Adjutant General of the Army – Military Service Records.
      The Deseret News, Salt Lake City, May 27, 1903, p. 8, (obituary).
      [Obituary is included but I do not retranscribe since I have an original transcription below under the obituary notes.]
      Probate Court of Apache County; name of deceased: John Wesley Adair; address of deceased: Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona; date and place of death: Nutrioso, Arizona, May 5, 1903; [no location marked under buried at:]; when and where born: Feb. 18, 1821, Pickens Co., Alabama.
      The pension records show Wesley Adair was born Feb. 18, 1821 in Green Co., Ala. Married Sep. 1858, Rebecca ___ at Washington City, Utah. They resided in Arizona five years, New Mexico two years, and Utah twenty-four years. He received a warrant for 160 acres of bounty land, 1855 and a pension of $1.00 per month from August 27, 1896 under the act of Jan. 5, 1893. He died May 5, 1903. Mex. S C 7,582.
      922, Adair, Wesley, not born as George Wesley Adair."

      1. FHL Film 2456: "Early LDS Church Membership Records for Nutrioso, Arizona": Record of the Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Nutrioso Ward, St. Johns Stake of Zion. Page 20 entries: No numbering but this group together:
      John Wesley Adair; father: Thomas Adair; mother Rebecca Brown; b. 18 Feb 1821 at Green Co., Alabama; first baptized Dec 1844 by James Richey; first confirmed Dec 1844 by J. Richey; ordained to 26 Quorum of Seventies Sep 1845 by William McBride; rebaptized Mar 1857 by Bp. Covington; reconfirmed 1857 by Harrison Pierce.
      Rebecca, father: John Mangum; mother: Rebecca Knowles; b. 10 Aug 1814 at Giles Co., Tennessee; first baptized Nov. 1845 by R? Mathews; first confirmed Nov 1845 by Gibson; rebaptized Dec 1847; reconfirmed Dec. 1847.
      James Mitchell Mangum; father: John Mangum; mother: Rebecca Knowles; b. 6 Jan 1820 at Springville, St. Clair, Alabama; first baptized 1844 by A. ?undin; first confirmed by Bryant Knowlin; ordained 3 May 1885 by Joseph Young into 17 Quorum Seventies; rebaptized 1848; reconfirmed 1848 by A. Covington.
      Rebecca Frances Mangum; father: John Mangum; mother: Mary Ann Adair; b. 10 Oct 1843 at Ettawamba, Mississippi; first baptized 14 Feb 1851; first confirmed 14 Feb 1851 by J.J. Bigler; rebaptized Jan 1876 by J. Hamblin; reconfirmed Jan 1876 by L. ?. Nuttall.
      Orson B. Arnold; father: Thomas Arnold; mother Hannah Brewin; b. 10 Feb 1857 at Sheephead,, England; first confirmed 6 Sep 1888 by Hyrum Chapman.

      2. The date of 18 Feb 1821 at Green Co., Alabama is per Nutrioso LDS Ward Record and Mexican War pension applications as quoted above. Temple sealing records of his second marriage have the same date but shows location as Pickens Co. Obituary and 1900 census use 18 Feb 1820. Even though the 1820 date fits in better with his siblings, the application with his signature and the temple sealing would be more prime sources. There is a possibility that even Wesley Adair could have been unsure of the exact year.

      3. FHL film 392631 LDS "Patriarchal Blessings Index": Wesley Adair, b. 18 Feb 1821 at Alabama, parents Thomas and Rebecca Adair. Blessing date 7 Oct 1859 at Washington, Utah. Lineage: Ephraim. Patriarch: Isaac Morley. Vol. 24, p. 123.

      1. Wesley Adair's Mexican War Pension Application quoted above indicates marriage between himself and Rebecca Adair Sept. 1858 in Washington City, Utah.

      1. Per Delbert Adair [] email of 23 Dec 2001: "Wesley Adair died 5 May 1903 in Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona Territory. I do not know where he is buried."

      2. Church Chronology; A Record of Important Events Pertaining to the History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saint," Andrew Jenson, 1914, BYU Library BX8611.J36-1914, p. 16: [April 1903] Tues. 5. – John Wesley Adair, a member of the Mormon Battalion, died in Nutrioso, Apache Co., Ariz. He was born Feb. 18, 1820 in Alabama."

      1. Sent information and my files Jan 2003 to Mark Staker of the Church History Museum. He is the LDS coordinator of the Mormon Battalion museum in San Diego. Also he said he would pass on word to the Mormon Battalion organization for a possible gravesite plaque.

      1. "Nutrioso, Arizona. John Wesley Adair Dead. Pioneer and Veteran of the 'Mormon' Battalion. Special Correspondence. Nutrioso, Apache Co., Arizona, May 20. - On May 5, 1903, John Wesley Adair, died at his home here. He was born Feb. 18, 1820, in Pickings [Pickens] county, Ala.; became a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints about 184[? (blurred)]. Gathered with the Saints about voo [typo for Nauvoo] and acted as one of the minute men, being driven out from that city with the Saints. In 1846 Elder Adair joined the celebrated 'Mormon' battalion at his country's call, to fight against Mexico, marched from Council Bluffs to California on foot, and suffered the terrible hardships incident to that notable journey; joined the Saints in Utah in 1848 and moved to Arizona in 1889. His life has been spent on the frontier; has been a very hard working man; always full of faith in the Gospel and he died at the age of 83. He was the last one of a large family to depart this life." Deseret Evening News, Wed., May 27, 1903, p. 8.

      1. A photo of Wesley can be found in James H. McClintock's book "Mormon Settlement in Arizona," Phoenix, 1921, p. 21. I have made a copy for my files.

      1. Per website < html> 3 Jan 2002.

      1. Encourage Morm. Batt. group to dedicate a plaque. Follow-up: Sent info to Mark Straker at LDS museum Jan 2003.