Chris & Julie Petersen's Genealogy

Mary Ann Winner

Female 1828 - 1859  (30 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Mary Ann Winner 
    Born 24 Sep 1828  Dover Township, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 22 Feb 1859  Parowan, Iron, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Parowan City Cemetery, Parowan, Iron, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1224  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 18 Jan 2015 

    Father George King Winner,   b. Abt 15 Aug 1807, Toms River, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Sep 1877, near LaHonda, San Mateo, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Mother Hanna P.,   b. Abt 1809, of, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1853, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Married Abt 1827  of Dover, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F717  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married Abt 1851  of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Georgiana Frederick,   b. 3 Dec 1852, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1853, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F718  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 David Frederick,   b. 15 Sep 1801, Minden, Montgomery, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1888, Huntington, Emery, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 16 Oct 1853  San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Georgiana Frederick,   b. 3 Dec 1852, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1853, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  [Adopted]
    +2. David Ira Frederick,   b. 21 Dec 1854, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Mar 1923, Burbank, Millard, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     3. Cynthia Julia Frederick,   b. 25 Apr 1856, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jan 1941, Mount Emmons, Duchesne, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
    +4. Martha Catherine Frederick,   b. 9 Mar 1858, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1896, Marysvale, Piute, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F714  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. No listing in 1860 nor 1870 US Censuses for Arizona, New Mex., Utah, Montana, Idaho, California, Oregon, and Washington for a George Oakley [see biography note 2bi below]. Have not yet checked Nevada, Wyoming, nor Colorado.

      2. Possible twin to Elizabeth per Enid Willardson. I have viewed Enid's records after her death and find no documentation for twinship. Ages given at time of both their deaths vary by a year with Mary Ann being oldest.

      BIOGRAPHY:
      1. Age 18 upon arrival with her family via the ship Brooklyn in Yerba Buena (San Francisco) 31 Jul 1846. With her family as 1852 pioneers in San Bernardino, California mormon colony. Died relatively young with her two daughters being adopted by other families and her son living with father thereafter. Under the direction of the LDS Apostle Amasa Lyman, she and her husband were pioneers in the lumbering and sawmill work in the San Bernardino Mountains which funded much of the Mormon colony.

      2. "Passenger List per Brooklyn from New York, Capt. A.W. Richardson, June 22, 1846," found in Hawaii by Mr. John D. Fretwell, 4012 Maywood Dr. S., Fresno, CA 93703-3330. Copy of original which was folded and contained all names on ship: "Manifest of Passengers on board Ship Brooklyn wharf A.C. Richarson is master... [contains a full listing including the following]
      George K. Winner, United States, 39 years, Coasting Captain.
      Hannah Winner, United States, 37 years.
      Six children."

      3. Censuses:
      1830 US: New Jersey, Monmouth County, Dover Township, P.374: George K. Winner, 1 M 20-30, 2 F Under 5, 1 F 15-20. [Probably George, his wife, and Mary Ann and Elizabeth]. Note: Other Winners in NJ census: Abby Winner, Gloucester Co., Egg Harbor Twp., p.198; Isaac Winner, Sussex Co., Green Twp., p.187 [note: there are two Isaacs listed with exactly same info]; Samuel Winner, Burlington Co., Evesham Twp., p.84. Further research needed to reconstruct Winner families in New Jersey. Dover township is now part of Ocean County since 1850.

      1840 US: New Jersey, Monmouth County, Dover Township, FHL film 016518: George K. Winner, Males (Ages: 1@under 5, 3@20-30, 1@30-40), Females (2@Under 5, 1@5-10, 1@10-15, 1@20-30), Four listed as Coastal Sailors. [Supposition: George was one of the "20-30" males and an "Ocean" sailor, the other three were sailing associates or relatives, the boy was Moroni [under 5], George's wife [20-30], Mary or Elizabeth [10-15; but why only 1 listed?], Louisa [5-10], Emmajean and possibly an unknown daughter [2@under 5: this is confusing - was there another unknown girl who died before the Ship Brooklyn sailing thus explaining the large gap of 6 to 7 years in childbirths?].

      1850 US: No record; San Francisco's portion of US Census was lost due to earthquake or fire.

      1852 US: California Statehood Census, Los Angeles County (pre-San Bernardino), p. 143; note this census began June 1852 in this county with county wide results of 7831 total residents of which 2494 were white males and 1597 were white females. It's preface to the state compilation says that only about 5 in every 6 were counted due to the frontier and mobile nature of the population. Note that the second location is last residence.
      George K. Winneo, 46, N.J., Utah, Farmer
      Hanna, 46, N.J., Utah
      Mary Ann, 23, N.J., Utah
      Emojine, 15, N.J., Utah
      Moroni, 10, N.J., Utah
      Israel, 8, N.J., Utah
      Adalade, 7, Cal., Cal.
      This census is important and invites several interesting comments as follows:
      i. No David Frederick [Mary Ann's future husband] even though he had moved to S.B. at least by 22 Mar 1852 where the colony clerk notes him making a payment to the colony. Mary Ann living at home unmarried, yet her daughter Georgiana will be born within 6 months or less. This lends credence to Daisy Van Wagoner's grandfather's [Mary Ann's great grandson] handwritten note that Georgiana's father was not David Frederick but a possible "George Oakley" [or a variation thereof since he slightly misspells other names on the note]. There is no such individual yet found in my research for either San Bern. or San Fran. or from 1860/70 censuses of adjoining states; however, there is a merchant George Oakes in 1851 in S.Fran. just a couple of blocks from where Winner's property was in 1846 in Bancroft's History - could he have fathered the child out of wedlock or a quickly annulled marriage in early March 1852 perhaps leading to George's removal of his family 3 Mar 1852 from San Fran. to San Bern. She was married to David Frederick by 1 May 1854 since she is mentioned in Amasa Lyman's journal as the wife of David; he was twice her age which may be explained perhaps by marriage to a woman with an out-of-wedlock child. This is merely conjecture on my part at this point and Georgiana may just have been a premature baby who did in fact die six months after birth and the marriage of David and Mary Ann may have in fact preceded conception.
      If the name George Oakley is correct, there is another one reported in the book "Gleanings from Alta California," by Mary Dean Alsworth. It is a compilation of vital records reported in the first newspapers published in California 1846-1850. Judging from dates, he would have died too early to have fathered Georgiana:
      "Tuesday, 29 January 1850. Died - in this city, on the 26th of January, George M. Oakley, Esq., late of Montgomery, Orange county, New York, aged 35 years."
      ii. Some of the info seems close but suspect and may have been given by a neighbor; they had not lived in Utah, the WINNEO misspelling of WINNER, and the ages vary: Adalades' age would mean she was born in 1845 before arriving in CA in 1846, Moroni's age is at variance to the 1870 census, etc.
      iii. Mother's name listed as "Hanna" which coincides with P.P. Pratt's diary entry of "Hanna P. Winner".

      4. John H. Brown, "Reminiscences and Incidents of Early Days of San Francisco," p.127: "I will here give list of all the women who were residents in the city [San Francisco] in January, 1846 [16 names listed]. On the arrival of the ship Brooklyn, in July, 1846, many women came to the city, whose names I will now mention...Mrs. Winner and two daughters {evidently he was counting small children so these two daughters were Mary Ann and Elizabeth]..."

      5. Mary Ann is mentioned in family letters written by David Frederick to his daughter Mary Elizabeth who was living in Salt Lake City while David was in San Bernardino. Dave Fry, a cousin of mine living in Texas, who is descended through Gideon and Mary Elizabeth (Frederick) Gibbs was visiting his sister in 2003 in Salt Lake City. He went through an old valise of records left by their parents where they found a photo of David Frederick, and six handwritten original letters - three of which refer to Mary Ann:

      [Transcription of letter from David living in San Bernardino, to daughter Mary in Utah, Jan 20,1855. Original with David Fry.] "Mar E my belove Daughter I again take my pen in hand to write again to you. I am well and I hopee that you ar injoying the same blessing. I have received two letters from you besides the one you sent from Nancy but I have not answerd neither of them. I wish you to receive this in answer to all. I mite apoligeze for not writing but sufice it to say I did not write. I and tending sawmill about twenty miles from the city for Bro. Lyman and Rich own in Canion Call Mill Crick, a health place and pure water but rather lonsome plase but that matters not so that we are fuing the will of him that has sent us. You have often requested me to come and see you but the probility is you will not see me untill I am call or sent back for I feel that I am on a mishon just as much as if I had ben sent to preach to the nations of the earth, tharefore I desiere to do as I am told. I would be glad to see you tharefour I would wish you to come and see us but not withconcel as your health is rather delicate it may be to your benifite so if you sould or will come I will do as well as I can for you. I was glad to hear from Loiza that she was well and the respect the family has for hir that she has concected hirself with tharefor I would have you say to hir in my behalf that she remain with them as a dutiful Childe and as she groes older she may learn the duty of a companion, that she may be some wise in the principls of hir salvation and exaltation unto eternal lives. Bro. Lyman people are all well and would be hapy for you. Mary Ann your stepmother wishes to see you and wants you come hear and live in San Barnideno wheare she may injoy yur society. We have a fine young son thirteen days, he waide nine pounds when he was born, he is well and Mary Ann is smart and up aboout the house. Give our respects and good wishes to you uncle and aunt and all enquiring friends. May our Father in heavn bless us with life and health and with every blessing untill we shall meete againe and save us in his kindom is my prare. Perhapps you would like to knowe his name, is David Junior. When you receve this write againe, yors as ever. /signed/David Frederick"

      [Transcription of letter from David living in California, to daughter Mary in Utah, Oct. 24 undated (about 1855). Transcribed as written, without spelling corrections. Original with David Fry.] "I have tking my pen this evning in haste to rapidly to fulfil a promise that I would write, by President Lyman. We all had sore eyes sinse I wrote last. Mary Ann was neary blinded for a weak but we all well at present except the babe, (probably David Ira) he is a teathing prether woresom. We may move into Dionitia room yesterday. I expect to stay in it untill the president returns if we behave ourselves. Money still remains scarse and harde to be got hlde of. It is a genriel time of health we all trying do well as we can. Mary we saaid be verry to see you or we would be like to have a viset from you. Mary I wish you to take the council of Pres. Lyman for he is a good man and will give such council and avice as will be for the good of any person that will take it tharefore it is my wish and dsire that you will be harking to him. Mary I wish to excuse the few linse pen. I am tierd and it is bedtime so I bide you adue imporing the blessing of our hevenly that he will preserve out lives and health that we may meat againe.
      Maryann sendes hir best wish with a small parcol wich thay will give you. We all so give our best wishes to Lise and hir husband. If you wish any more pertickeles Aunt Donitia will be willing to give you. Oct 24th /signed/ David Frederick"

      [Transcription of letter from David living in San Bernardino, to daughter Mary in Utah, undated. Original with David Fry.] "My daughter Mary I take my pen to write a few lines to you. We ar all well and ar living in the city again. I am at work on Elder Lymans new house while he is in uper Calafornia. He will probley return the first of next month at wich time he will probley make all posble haste to go to the Lake, tharefore I shall omit writin the pen ticklers at this time. I shall write again and scend by him for - - all be better posted up in mater and things in jinrel for we expect the wranch will be paid for and the peopole will be more able to do more good in building the house of the Lord for I am in hopes that mony may be more plenty with us than it now is for I can scarsley get enough to redeam my letters that comes to hand. Within this weake the folks will be living in the new house and it will be more plesant thin within the old walls wich hav stood for seventy years or more. I received you kinde leter by Elder Rich wich was a joy to me. The boy David you gnose finley is a bining to creape about the house. Mary Ann sendes hir ist wishes to you. I wish you to write as soon as may be when you receive this. Give my Love and best wishes to all inquring friends.
      I remain as ever your Father and friend in the gospel of Christe
      /signed/ David Frederick"

      BIRTH:
      1. Endowment per Ordinance index FHL film 170545, p.238, ord. 5326; [relative listed is daughter: Cynthia Frederick Hardy]: "Birth 25 Sep 1828." All three deceased wives of David Frederick were all sealed with sequential ordinance numbers on same day of 13 Jun 1883 at the St. George Temple. All three as was David were sealed to William Gant Perkins at same time. The following is the transcriptions extracted by myself from FHL film 170598: "Mary Ann Winner": FHL film 170598, ord. 3564, dead, b. 24 Sep 1828, Montmouth co., N.J., d. 22 Feby 1859.

      2. Most family group sheets prepared by descendants, perhaps all based on Enid Willardson's original sheet, show 24 Sep 1828. No independent confirmation except the note above has yet been found by me including reviewing records in 2001 of Enid Willardson after her death. Using Mary Ann's burial record, a calculated birth date of 14 Sep 1828 should be used until proven otherwise.

      MARRIAGE:
      1. Marriage of David and Mary Ann is not noted in David Frederick's 18 Apr 1853 nor 20 May 1853 letters (see notes above for transcriptions) to his daughter Mary E. Frederick; however, he does sign for himself and her in letters beginning 20 Jan 1855 (in which letter he also announces the birth of his son David, Jr. This would put a marriage between mid-1853 and Dec 1854 when David is born. Actual date is per David Frederick's family bible currently in the possession of David Fry in which he notes Mary Ann was married to David Frederick 16 Oct 1853.

      2. It is apparent that Mary Ann had a marriage or other relationship with a person unknown in San Francisco just before coming to San Bernardino. Consider this note from my files on her daughter Georgianna: "David Frederick does not appear to be the birth father. Per the family bible, Mary Ann was married to David Frederick 16 Oct 1853. Mary Ann arrives from San Francisco with her family in mid-March 1852. Georgiana was born Dec 1852 and dies Jun 1853. 1852 California Census taken around Jun 1852 for San Bernardino lists no David Frederick [Mary Ann's future husband] even though he had moved to S.B. at several months earlier and lists Mary Ann as living at home unmarried [yet her daughter Georgiana will be born within 6 months or less]. Marriage to Mary Ann is not noted in David Frederick's 18 Apr 1853 nor 20 May 1853 letters (see his notes for transcriptions) to his daughter Mary E. Frederick; however, he does sign for himself and her in letters begining 20 Jan 1855 (in which letter he also announces the birth of his son David, Jr. This all lends credence to Daisy Van Wagoner's grandfather's [Mary Ann's great grandson] handwritten note that Georgiana's father was not David Frederick but a possible "George Oakley" [or a variation thereof since he slightly misspells other names on the note]. There is no such individual yet found in my research for either San Bern. or San Fran. or from 1860/70 censuses of adjoining states; however, there is a merchant George Oakes in 1851 in S.Fran. just a couple of blocks from where Winner's property was in 1846 in Bancroft's History. Was Mary Ann previously married in San Francisco or was the child conceived out of wedlock in early March 1852 perhaps leading to George Winner's removal of his family in mid-March from San Fran. to San Bernardino? Regardless, it should be noted that David Frederick had Georgiana sealed to himself as father and to his deceased wife Mary Ann in the LDS St. George temple 13 Jun 1883 as cited below."

      DEATH:
      1. Note: All three deceased wives of David Frederick were all sealed with sequential ordinance numbers on same day of 13 Jun 1883 at the St. George Temple. All three as was David were sealed to William Gant Perkins at same time. The following is the transcriptions extracted by myself from FHL film 170598:
      "David Frederick," b. 15 Sep 1801, Montgomery co., NY. David Frederick was still living at the time of these proxy ordinances.
      "Polly Evarts": FHL film 170598, ord. 3562, dead, b. 21 Sep 1801 of N.Y, d. 2 Oct 1837.
      "Martha Ingersoll": FHL film 170598, ord. 3563, dead, b. 2 Apl 1810, Ontario co., NY, d. 16 Apl 1844.
      "Mary Ann Winner": FHL film 170598, ord. 3564, dead, b. 24 Sep 1828, Montmouth co., N.J., d. 22 Feby 1859. Archival family group sheets indicate 28 Mar 1879 SGEOR but no such record is found in the St. George Temple records; the 1883 date was with David Frederick was in person and same date as he was sealed to his two other deceased wives.

      BURIAL:
      1. Per cemetery records maintained by the office of the City of Parowan includes the record: "Marion Frederick, time of death: Feb. 12, 1859, age: 30 years, 4 months, and 28 days, father: George Winner, maiden name of mother: Hannah, cause of death: consumption."

      2. A tombstone procured in 2000 at grave 1, block 9, lot 17. In near proximity are many members of Mormon Battalion and pioneers. Gravestone bought located on site Aug. 2000. Text: Mary Ann Winner Frederick, Sept. 24, 1828 - Feb. 22, 1859. Wife of David Frederick, Pvt. Mormon Battalion." Photo of tombstone on file. Tombstone includes bronze medallion plaque of the Ship Brooklyn Association. In close proximity is gravesite for Cornelia Eliza Leavitt Lyman, one of the wives of the close friend of David Frederick, Apostle Amasa Lyman.

      3. Website for Utah State Historical Society Burials Database: "Marion Frederick, birth: 0/0/0, death: 2/22/1859, buried: 0/0/0, cause of death: consumption, comments: 30-04-28, grave location: Parowan Cemetery 09-17-01, source: sexton." [Marion was misspelling evidently for what was misunderstood when "Mary Ann" was reported.]

      4. No obituary found in the Deseret News. Parowan and Iron county newspapers did not start until after 1859.

      ~ORDINANCES: Verified 14 Jan 2006.
      Note: Stamped note on family group sheet archive record: "Endowment reconfirmed and all former sealings ratified for (this child) on 5 Dec. 1967."
      BAPTISM: Online Ordinance Index with endowment work.
      ENDOWMENT: Online Ordinance index FHL film 170545, p.238, ord. 5326. [Relative listed is daughter: Cynthia Frederick Hardy.]
      SEALING TO PARENTS:
      1. Ordinance index 1.02 FHL film 456291; name of parents erroneously given as Joseph King H. Winner and Mrs. Mary Ann Winner. Alt. Ordinance index list sealing to parents as George K.H. Winner and Mary Ann dated 4 Dec 1992 JRIVE per FHL film 1761063. Redone to proper mother "Hanna P." per Submission 34-4864 slip 34-4107514-030.
      2. Note: Per Online Ordinance Index FHL film 170583, p. 436, on 13 June 1883 in St. George temple, David Frederick and his three deceased wives, Polly Evarts Frederick, Martha Ingersoll Frederick, and Mary Ann Winner Frederick were sealed to living adoptive parents William Gant and Hannah Gold Perkins who were the same family that adopted Mary Ann's daughter Cynthia when Mary Ann died. "Cyntha" Frederick Hardy acted as proxy for each of the three deceased wives. The Perkins were prominent in the LDS Church and active temple workers; he may have been a LDS Patriarch for St. George area. This ordinance was done at a time when church members had themselves adopted to prominent church members under the erroneous belief that their non-Mormon parents may not be worthy. This practice was clarified as incorrect by LDS President Wilford Woodruff in the 1890's.
      SEALING TO SPOUSE:
      Note: All three deceased wives of David Frederick were all sealed with sequential ordinance numbers on same day of 13 Jun 1883 at the St. George Temple. All three as was David were sealed to William Gant Perkins at same time. The following is the transcriptions extracted by myself from FHL film 170598:
      "David Frederick," b. 15 Sep 1801, Montgomery co., NY. David Frederick was still living at the time of these proxy ordinances.
      "Polly Evarts": FHL film 170598, ord. 3562, dead, b. 21 Sep 1801 of N.Y, d. 2 Oct 1837.
      "Martha Ingersoll": FHL film 170598, ord. 3563, dead, b. 2 Apl 1810, Ontario co., NY, d. 16 Apl 1844.
      "Mary Ann Winner": FHL film 170598, ord. 3564, dead, b. 24 Sep 1828, Montmouth co., N.J., d. 22 Feby 1859. Archival family group sheets indicate 28 Mar 1879 SGEOR but no such record is found in the St. George Temple records for a sealing; however, it is correct for her endowment. The 1883 date was with David Frederick who was in person and same date as he was sealed to his two other deceased wives.
      ADDITIONAL_NOTES:
      The following was extracted by myself from St. George Temple early temple records:
      "Adoption. #1 David Frederick, b. 15 Sep 1801 at Montgomery Co., NY; Polly Evarts Frederick, dead, b. 21 Sep 1801 at NY; #3 Martha Ingersoll Frederick, dead, b. 17 Apr 1816 at Ontario, NY, d. 16 Apr 1844; #4 Mary Ann Winner Frederick, dead, b. 24 Sep 1828 at Monmouth, NJ, d. 22 Feb 1859. Adoption to William Gant Perkins and family, Hannah Gold Perkins, female. Cyntha Frederick Hardy acting for #2, #3, and #4. Jas. G. Black, Recorder." (Per FHL film 170583, St. George Temple Adoption Records, book B, p. 436, 13 Jun 1883.) [See notes on LDS Adoption policies below.]
      "#1 Sarah Ann Frederick, dead, b. 3 Nov 1841 at Handy, Livingston, Michigan; #2 Joseph Frederick, dead, b. 2 Apr 1844 at IL, d. 7 Apr 1844. Sealed to parents David Frederick, b. 15 Sep 1801 at Montgomery Co., NY, and Martha Ingersoll Frederick, dead, b. 17 Apr 1816 at NY, d. 16 Apr 1844, with Hannah Gold Perkins acting for the mother and Cyntha Frederick acting for #1; David Frederick, Jr. acting for #2. Jas. G. Black, Recorder." (Per FHL film 170583, St. George Temple Adoption Records, book B, p. 436, 13 Jun 1883.)
      "#1 Georgiana Frederick, dead, b. 3 Dec 1852 in CA, d. 8 Jun 1853; #2 David Frederick, Jr., b. 21 Dec 1854 at San Bernardino, CA; Cyntha Frederick Hardy, b. 25 Apr 1856 at San Bernardino, CA. Sealed to parents David Frederick, b. 15 Sep 1801 at Montgomery Co., NY, and Mary Ann Winner Frederick, dead, b. 24 Sep 1828 at Monmouth Co. NJ, d. 22 Feb 1859, with Hannah Gold Perkins acting for the mother and #3 acting for #1. Jas. G. Black, Recorder. " (Per FHL film 170583, St. George Temple Adoption Records, book B, p. 436, 13 Jun 1883.) [Note: apparently the other living daughter of this marriage, Martha Catherine Frederick, did not participate for some reason in this ceremony even though she was in Utah at the time.]
      Adoption of children by David Frederick, Jr.: "#1 Sarah Ellen Mathis, b. 11 Jun 1871 at Spring Valley, Nye, NV; #2 John Thomas Mathis, b. 21 Feb 1876 at Santaquin, Utah, UT; #3 Sophia Mathis, b. 5 Jun 1878 at Hillsdale, Iron, UT. Sealed to David Frederick, Jr., b. 21 Dec 1854 at San Bernardino, CA, and their mother Ellen Sophia Degraw Frederick, b. 5 Sep 1855 at Lehi, Utah, UT. Jas. G. Black, Recorder. (Per FHL film 170583, St. George Temple Adoption Records, book B, p. 436, 14 Jun 1883.)
      [Note: I stopped looking beyond 1 Jan 1884.]
      Explanation of the LDS concept of the Law of Adoption as practiced by the LDS members prior to April 1894. The Old Testament speaks of the Prophet Elijah coming forth in the last days with the sealing power to bind children to parents and vice versa for the eternities beyond death. It also relates that the Earth would be wasted at the Second Coming if this was not the case. He had the specific priesthood power in his day to seal things on both earth and in heaven. The latter day prophet Joseph Smith testifies that the prophet Elijah appeared to him and others in the Kirtland Temple and restored and bestowed these lost powers upon him and through them upon subsequent latter day prophets. Through this power, sealings take place in temples today between spouses and within families. The full ramifications of the sealing link between generations was not fully known by the early members of the LDS Church until Wilford Woodruff, the prophet of the Church in 1894, received a revelation and clarified the proper procedure of being sealed to one's natural parents (and not adoptive parents nor non-mortally married spouses) back to Adam and Eve. At the pronouncement of this doctrine in General Conference in SLC, it was also announced that the LDS Church would assist in this effort by creating the Genealogical Society (now Family History Libraries and now the world's foremost genealogical repository). Prior to 1894, worthy members going to the temple would often have themselves sealed, by what they called the law of adoption as they then understood it, to other worthy prominent LDS leaders. These members were first generation Mormons who had in many cases joined the Church at the cost of being disavowed by their natural families or spouses. They felt that these parents or spouses would not ultimately prove worthy links in an eternal family, hence the adoption to other worthy individuals. Pres. Woodruff's conference announcement was profound and well developed in its presentation. It was clear that from henceforth one should be sealed only to one's own parents and that the Lord himself would sort out the worthy links from the unworthy in His own time and manner. It was also clear that Gospel teaching and conversion continues beyond the veil of death until every person born to this world hears and ultimately accepts or rejects the Gospel of Jesus Christ which of course necessitates the required mortal ordinances performed vicariously in behalf of our deceased relations. It is also LDS doctrine that this work would continue in the Millenium (until complete) when even lost records would be compensated for by whatever means the Lord provides upon His restored presence on Earth.

      SOURCES_MISC:
      1. LDS History Library in Salt Lake City:
      A. LR 6775 2 "Manuscript History and Historical Reports" of the Parowan Ward, Parowan Stake.

      ACTION:
      1. Look up Parowan Branch Records.

      2. Find out more about Howard Oakley who was on the Brooklyn.