John Austen

Male 1560 - 1621  (~ 60 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name John Austen 
    Christened 26 Apr 1560  Goudhurst, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Buried 5 Mar 1620/1621  Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4938  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2015 

    Father Robert Austen,   b. Bef 1538, , Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 27 May 1603, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth,   b. Bef 1540, , Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 24 Jul 1608, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Married Bef 1560  , Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2106  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joane Berry,   b. 14 Feb 1565, Midley, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Dec 1604, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 14 Sep 1584  Lydd, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John Austen,   c. 1 Aug 1585, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Jeffery Austen,   c. 2 Jun 1588, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 19 Mar 1636/1637, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)
    +3. Benjamin Austen,   c. 16 May 1591, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 27 Aug 1638, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 47 years)
     4. Robert Austen,   c. 27 Oct 1594, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Joane Austen,   c. 10 Jul 1597, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Francis Austen,   c. 11 May 1600, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 15 Mar 1687/1688, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 87 years)
     7. Peter Austen,   c. 3 Oct 1602, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 19 Dec 1638, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 36 years)
     8. Thomas Austen,   c. 9 Dec 1604, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 7 Jan 1630/1631, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 26 years)
     9. Richard Austen,   c. 9 Dec 1604, Horsmonden, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F2099  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. Here is a link to a photo of the famous brass effigy of Joane Berry: https://www.flickr.com/photos/52219527@N00/1771794916/ -- verified in person by myself 9 Sep 2015 (sits in the center aisle just back of the crossing of aisles under a rug):
      The effigy reads: Beneath her effigy is a larger brass plate stating: "Here vnderlyeth the body of Ioane Berry daughter of Ieffry Berry sometime of the parish of Midley and wyfe to Iohn Austen of this pish [parish] of Horsmonden beinge of the age of 36 yeares who depted the 9th of Decemb: 1604 and left behind her 8 sones and one davghter. Vidz: Iohn Ieffry Benjamin Robt Ioane Francis Peter Thomas & Robid [sic - i.e. Richard] of wch two last she died in childbed often vtteringe these speaches let nether husband nor chidren nor land nor goods separate me from tie [thy] my God."
      From the Internet accessed 19 Aug 2015: "John Austen of Goudhurst, Kent, married Joan Berry in 1584. Among their many descendants was was one of England's finest writers, Jane Austen and two brothers who became Rear Admirals of the British Fleet. Although John has usually been regarded as the ancestor of the family it is now thought that his great grandfather was William Astyn of Yalding. Descendants may have migrated to Ramsgate and Loose in Kent. The West Kent branch became wealthy through wool and cloth, purchasing Broadford and Grovehurst at Horsmonden."
      To see these estates, look at this link: http://austenfamilies.weebly.com/john-austen-of-goudhurst-m-joan-berry-1584.html

      2. FHL book 942.23/H3 K2c "St. Margaret's Church Horsmonden, An Historical and Descriptive Acccount," by Anthony Cronk, 3rd ed., by the Friends of Hrosmonden Church, Horsmonden, Kent, 1995, pp. 38-40, 50-51:
      "Other significant changes were now taking place in Horsmonden, which are commemorated in the memorials and registers of the parish church. From being engaged almost exclusively in food production and forestry the inhabitants suddenly found their lives transformed by the advent of two important industries which had sprung up in their midst, clothworking and ironfounding. Both were destined to fourish here for a century before departing, in obedience respectively to powerful economic forces, into other regions of the realm.
      Woollen manufacture, like brickmaking and hop-growing, had received considerable impetus in Kent through the influx of Flemish refugee victims of religious persecutions in their own country. Cranbrook was rivalling Canterbury as a centre for the newly imported technical improvements in the esoteric arts of fulling, weaving and dyeing. Wool had become the 'staple' or most important rural commodity.
      We know that Walter Sycotte, a fuller of Cranbrook, leased two mills, called Broadford Mills, in Horsmonden, which were the property of Henry VIII, but it was not until the time of John Austen of Broadford, who died in 1620, that the place became famed for the manufacture of Kentish broadcloth. It was mainly a cottage industry, and several of the weavers' timbered houses still survive around Capel Cross. Broadford house itself is one of those lovely clothmasters' residences with which this part of the Weald abounds. They were termed 'halls' and served a twofold purpose, combining the funcitons of private house with office and warehouse.
      Side by side in the name of St. Margaret's are the graves of John Austen ad his wife. The brass of the latter consists of a charmng effigy of the lady in hat, ruff, and gown, 18 in. X 7 in., with a foot inscription 20-3/4 in. X 9-1/2 in., as follows:
      "Here vnderlyeth the body of Joane Berry davghter of Ieffery Berry sometime of the parish of Midley and wyfe of Iohn Avsten of this pish of Horsmonden beinge of the age of 36 yeares who depted the 9th of Decemb: 1604 and left behind her 8 sones and one davghter vidz: Iohn Ieffry Beniamin Robt Ioane Francis Peter Thomas & Robid of wch two last she died in childbed often vtteringe these speaches let nether hvsband nor children nor lands nor goods separate me from the my God."
      Above the effigy, the widower's engagingly oblique ascription:
      Amice si quaeris tvmvlvm quis convecit ipsum
      Fvit Iohannes mevs maritus nomine Austen."
      John Austen's own brass on the adjoining grave has suffered from the traffic of many feet, but is still legible:
      "Here lyeth the body of John Avsten bvryed the 5 day of March Ano Dni 1620 and left behind him 8 sonns and one davghter."
      To the stone ledger a further inscription has been incised for his son Francis:
      "Here lyeth interred the body of Francis Avsten of Grofehurst in the parish gent one of the sonnes of John Avsten who was bvried the 15th day of March 1687 and in the 89th year of his age.
      It was under Francis Austen that the Horsmonden cloth industry reached its zenith. He purchased Grovehurst with its apppendant manors from Henry Whetenhall, a lineal descendant of the de Grofhursts... The house adapted as another 'hall' for his trade, in addtion to Braodford.
      This was the family, let it be noted, from which sprang the immortal Jane [Austen, the writer] ...
      Came the dawn of the Hanoverian epoch, and Horsmonden was once more an exclusively agricultural community.
      Kent as a county was never noted for particularly vast estates, but the wide diffusion of rights in the soil which now followed the feudal system was now coalescing. The yeoman freeholders, whose holdings had been uneconomically fragmented by the Kentish system of inheritance, gavelkind, or equal division among male co-heirs, were giving way to the building up of medium-sized estates which could allow a certain rationalization in the size and compactness of agricultural tenancies. The land of Horsmonden, apart from that belonging to certain ecclesiastical and scholastic foundations, was gathered into the hands of three families of minor gentry. The Marriotts in the south were the successors of the City merchant draper Beswicke. The Austens, whose prosperity had originated from the cloth industry, were seated at Broadford. (In the nineteenth century they built a monstous mansion called Capel Manor, now mercifully demolished.) The Courthopes who derived their wealth from interests in the iron industry ...
      This was the squirearchial triumvirate of a social system which was to survive through the eighteenth, nineteenth, and into the beginning of the twentieth century in the same three families. On their ownership of land rested their social prestige. Under them lived a comfortable class of agricultural tenants. An American visitor to Horsmonden in 1850 wrote in some surprise that 'the farmers who occupy and cultivate the land have not a freehold estate in it. They occupy it as tenants under short leases; either from year to year, or for seven, fourteen or twenty-one years. They pay an annual rent ... and often continue to occupy the same land, as tenants, from father to son. There are not fifty acres in Horsmonden the freehold of which is owned by the men who either cultivate or superintend the cultivation.' ...
      Our 1850 chronicler goes on to observe that 'below the farmers there is a much more numerous class -- the farm laborers; of whom some farmers employ five, ten or fifteen. They recieve for wages 10s a week. Whether married or single, their food is not furnished by their employers but they board themselves. With the ten shillings the laborer must support himself and his wife, and six children if he has them and that in a county where provisons are dear. They seldom rate meat oftener than once a week, and many not once a month'."

      CHRISTENING:
      1. Online Goudhurst Chruch record:
      Christening entry says: April 1560 - baptized the 26 daie ___ sone of Robert Austen." Apparently the priest forgot to enter the name. It can only be for John considering the other children are accounted for and 1560 was the estimated date based on the marriage record.. The parish records begin 1558.

      BURIAL:
      1. See notes above from the book "St. Margaret's Church Horsmonden, An Historical and Descriptive Acccount," by Anthony Cronk.