David Frederick

Male 1801 - 1888  (86 years)


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  • Name David Frederick 
    Born 15 Sep 1801  Minden, Montgomery, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 Feb 1888  Huntington, Emery, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 9 Feb 1888  Huntington City Cemetery, Huntington, Emery, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1225  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 4 Sep 2015 

    Father Philip Frederick,   b. 1778, Warrensbush (now Florida), Tryon (now Montgomery), New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1830, of Clarendon, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 53 years) 
    Mother Catherine Germon or Germont,   b. Abt 1780, of Mohawk, Tryon (now Herkimer), New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1830, of Clarendon, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Married Abt 1800  , Montgomery, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F177  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Mary or Polly Evarts,   b. 21 Sep 1801, New Lebanon, Columbia, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Oct 1837, Farmington, Oakland, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 16 Jan 1825  of Clarendon, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Nancy Frederick,   b. 16 Dec 1825, Barre, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1892, Ridgeway, Lenawee, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     2. Mary Elizabeth Frederick,   b. 21 Aug 1830, Barre, Orleans, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jan 1907, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
     3. Sarah Jane Frederick,   b. 2 Oct 1837, Farmington, Oakland, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Oct 1837, Farmington, Oakland, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F641  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Martha Ingersoll,   b. 2 Apr 1810, , Ontario, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Apr 1844, , , Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 12 Aug 1838  , Monroe, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Helen Louisa Frederick,   b. 19 Jun 1839, , Livingston, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov 1918, North Powder, Union, Oregon, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     2. Sarah Ann Frederick,   b. 3 Nov 1841, Handy Township, Livingston, Michigan, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1849  (Age < 7 years)
     3. Joseph Frederick,   b. 2 Apr 1844, , , Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Apr 1844, , , Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F725  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Mary Ann Winner,   b. 24 Sep 1828, Dover Township, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Feb 1859, Parowan, Iron, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years) 
    Married 16 Oct 1853  San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Georgiana Frederick,   b. 3 Dec 1852, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1853, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  [Adopted]
    +2. David Ira Frederick,   b. 21 Dec 1854, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Mar 1923, Burbank, Millard, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     3. Cynthia Julia Frederick,   b. 25 Apr 1856, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jan 1941, Mount Emmons, Duchesne, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
    +4. Martha Catherine Frederick,   b. 9 Mar 1858, San Bernardino, San Bernardino, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1896, Marysvale, Piute, Utah, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F714  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. Reviewed Rootsweb.com Worldconnect 16 Jul 2003.

      2. Censuses:
      1810 US: German Flatts, Herkimer, New York:
      Philip Frederick, males: 2@0-9 (David and Abraham), 1@26-44 (Philip)1@45+ (Francis?); females: 2@0-9 (Susanna and Mary Ann), 1@26-45 (Catherine).
      [Could the male that is 45+ possibly be Francis since he does not show up in the 1810 census?]

      1830 US: David Frederick, New York, Orleans County, Barre Township, p.19, FHL film 17175: Male 1@20-30, Females 1@5-10, 1@20-30.

      1840 US: No records found. Should be in Michigan.

      1850 US: Utah County, Utah, (No township listed):
      David Frederik, age 42, Male, Laborer, from Ohio. Probably the same individual but with errors; he should have been about 49 and from New York. Perhaps ages and locations were approximated by neighbor if individual wasn't home.

      1850 Illinois: FHL film 17175 is an index of all pre-1850 records for Illinois. There is a David Frederick in Hancock Co. in the 1850 census, page 364, line 39, A; Eliza, line 38 A; and Nancy in Monroe Co., pg. 44B, line 7 - none appear to be related nor in the right place.

      1860 US: Parowan Post Office, Iron, Utah, FHL film 805314, p. 184 (Note that the first David should have been in his 50's and the younger about 6 which indicates that maybe they were not home at time of census and a neighbor estimated ages. Note also that this was about a year after Mary Ann died and the family already appears broken up with the daughters living elsewhere.):
      David Frederick, male, age 40, farm laborer, unknown birth state, unlike his neighbors - no dollar amount given for neither personal nor real estate (indication he was not well off).
      David Frederick, male, age 4.

      1870 US: Bountiful, Davis County, Utah. FHL film 553109, p. 207:
      David Frederick, Utah, male, 68, white, farmhand, from New York, living with a younger family with the head of household as Edward E. Egan, age 30. Note: David's age appears more accurate for an 1801 birthdate. No other apparent related family members shown.

      1880 US: Hillsdale, Iron, Utah, FHL film 1255336, National Archives Film T9-1336, p. 340A:
      David Frederic, occupation: gardner[sic], age 78, widower, birthplace: New York, father's birthplace: NJ, mother's birthplace: NY
      David Frederic, occupation: laborer, age 25, widower, birthplace: California, father's birthplace: NY, mother's birthplace: NJ

      3. Reviewed books and manuscripts:
      A. LDS Historical Dept. manuscripts as follows:
      i. Michigan period: MS 1654, Reminiscences and Diary, 1839 Oct to 1881 Mar, of Joseph Curtis. No mentions.
      ii. Michigan period: MS 1079, Reminiscences and Diary, Abraham Hoagland . No mentions.
      B. Howard Egan, "Pioneering the West, 1846 to 1878," (1917, Richmond, Utah: Published by H.R. Egan Estate): No mention but appears this family may have been in Bountiful. The elder Egan was with John D. Lee to come down to Santa Fe to pick up the Mormon Battalion's pay to take back to the pioneer group. He was a major in the Nauvoo Legion, in the first vanguard group of pioneers into SLC, a cattle driver between SLC and No. California, and pony express contractor. Daily journal ends upon 1st arrival into SLC. Rest of book are stories of his son. This is probably the right Egan family with which David was living in 1870 census.
      C. Richard O. Cowan and William E. Homer, "California Saints" (BYU, Provo, Utah) mentions that five of Amasa Lyman's seven wives were in San Bernardino shortly after 22 Sep 1851 [see below for David's involvement with Lyman's family]. Also noted (p. 177) about San Bernardino and its need for lumber: "There was abundant timber in the nearby mountains, so the settlers decided to construct a sawmill there. Building a road up the steep grade to the timber posed a great challenge. Every man in the settlement was called on to put in all his time and use all his teams and equipment in building the road and moving the machinery up to the sawmill. The resulting road was some 12 miles long and required over 1000 man-days of labor to complete. This was accomplished in just 2 1/2 weeks during May 1852. The route was extremely steep, including grades of up to 41%. Unlike most lumber roads, which were private and charged tolls, the LDS road was open for public use." Judging from David's later sawmill involvement and his being in San Bernardino by March 1852, he was probably involved in this project.
      D. Edward Leo Lyman, "San Bernardino, the Rise and Fall of a California Community" (1996, Signature Books, Salt Lake City, UT):
      i. P. 14: "Over the next year and a half Mormons attempted to coexist with their neighbors [in Nauvoo] without success...As many had before, they abandoned their homes, this time in the dead of the winter, Feb. 1846, when the threat of violence compelled them to cross the ice-filled Mississippi River for the muddy Iowa side. [Apostle Amasa M.] Lyman and his recently expanded family received assistance from his Tanner brothers-in-law, Nathan, Myron, Sidney, and Albert. The wives assisted each other as well, and a core of other men, bound to Amasa from this time on, helped them. The 'camps of Israel', as they were called, were organized in groups of at least 400 wagons to travel across Iowa. Among Lyman's faithful friends were J. Henry Rollins, Daniel P. Clark, Starling Driggs, David Frederick, Samuel Shepherd, and Weedon V. Hakes, who would later follow him to California. Lyman relied on these men and others to look after his wives at Winter Quarters, Nebraska, while he left with the vanguard company, comprised almost entirely of men, the Great Salt Lake Valley in the summer of 1847. (Footnote: Lyman, 'Lyman Family History', 23 O-A, 43 O-A.)" [Note, the author is incorrect; even though the comment that David Frederick was part of the patronage of Lyman is correct, he wasn't in Winter Quarters while Lyman was in the vanguard company because when the company reached Wyoming, Lyman was sent south into Colorado by Brigham Young to fetch the Mississippi Saints and the Pueblo detachment of the Mormon Battalion of which Frederick was a part. Frederick is also listed by Bullock per reference below as being in SLC within a week of the Brigham Young group.]
      ii. P. 114: "In June 1853 Amasa Lyman visited another sawmill constructed by his old friend, along with young Mormon Battalion veteran Thomas Bingham, apparently the beginnings of the Salamander Mill in what would later be designated as Huston Flat at present-day Lake Gregory. Lyman purchased a two-fifths share in this lumber and shingle operation from an absent partner, probably Ward, and was later joined in the enterprise by Charles Rich, David Frederick, Norman Taylor, and Bishop William Crosby. This mill was the most extensive water-powered operation on the mountain during the Mormon period. There were at least two houses on the premises, along with corrals, stables, outbuildings, and a shingle mill."
      E. J. Kenneth Davies, "Mormon Gold, the Story of California's Mormon Argonauts" (Olympus Publishing Company, SLC, UT, 1984) pp.110-111 recounts same story given below wherein Frederick is entrusted in SLC with the care of his wives and he receives supplies from Amasa Lyman for him to distribute.
      F. George W. Beattie and Helen Pruitt Beattie, "Heritage of the Valley, San Bernardino's First Century," (1951, Biobooks, Oakland, CA) p.215: "Building activity during the latter half of 1853 led to a scarcity of labor, and Lyman had difficulty in finding men for his various enterprises. At one time he wrote in evident relief that 'Bro. Whitlock agreed to go to work at his trade for $1.50 per day.' What the brother's trade was does not appear. Shortly after, he wrote of offering men $1.60 per day, in vain. He arranged with a skilled miller to run the flouring mill for $100 per month, employed the miller's eldest son at $50 monthly, and the younger son at $30. The following spring he engaged 'Br. Frederick' to saw lumber at the Mill Creek mill for $3 per thousand feet, and his wife to cook for the mill hands at one bit (12 1/2) a day per man, the couple to have their provisions in addition."

      4. Received 30 Jul 2003 from Frederick descendant and researcher Mary Lou Spaulding, 1502 Haney Dr., Hays, KS 67601, 785-628-6465, a copy of a deed transacted in Livingston County, Michigan. The pertinent information includes the date of 12 Jan 1842 between David Frederick of the first part and Matthew Knowls of the second part of Handy, Livingston, MI for $200 situated in the same place described as NW Qtr. of the NW Qtr. of section 33 in Town 3N of Range 3E in the District of lands subject to sale at Detroit containing 40 acres. It is witnessed by Dennis Conrad, JP. David Frederick signed his name and Martha Frederick signed with a mark. Note that this is half of the land he bought in 1840 per the noted deed shown elsewhere in these notes.

      5. Received 30 Jul 2003 from Frederick descendant and researcher Mary Lou Spaulding, 1502 Haney Dr., Hays, KS 67601, 785-628-6465. The following concerns David Frederick, relations, and possible relations; it is arranged chronologically by state. [I am not sure how Philip, Alex, or John Frederick fit in or even if they do. Philip is old enough to be David's father in the 1830 census; however, we have a Philip already in New York in the 1830 census who is also the right age.]:
      A. "New York:
      1830; Orleans Co., NY Land Records (FHL film 0592259). In the matter of the last will and Testament of Abram G. Frederick Dec. - as witnesses in the presence of the testator Alexander Annis - David Frederick. Will was probated in the Village of Albion 2 March 1830. (MLS: Note - I have tracked this family through to the 1930 Census. If you are interested in having a copy of this information please let me know. I thought it may pay to try and contact some of these people and see what they have in the way of Genealogy Information, especially Abram G.'s brothers and sisters.)
      1830; Letters of Guardianship - Orleans Co., NY, pg. 3 (FHL film 0592788). The People of the State of New York by the grace of God, free and Independant; To Adelia Frederick Greeting. Whereas, you have been legally selected, by the Surrogate of the County of Orleans, to be the guardian of Abram C. Frederick and Olivia Ann Frederick infant children of Abram G. Frederick deceased,...
      1830; Orleans County, NY - Harvey. Frederick David, male 1(20-30), female 1(under 5), 2(20-30).
      1894; Cemeteries of Orleans County, NY - Hillside Cemetery - Clarendon. Palmer, Adelia M., b. 3 Mar 1809 d. 18 Dec 1894, Clarendon, N.Y. Wife of Frederick and Amos. Dau. of Alex Annis and Annie Curtis."
      B. "Michigan:
      1830; Michigan - AIS. Frederick, David, Wayne Co., MI, 174, petitioner.
      1834; Bridgewater, Washtenaw Co., Michigan (FHL film 0955813). Frederick, Philip, male-1(10-15) 1(15-20) 1(20-30) 1(50-60) female-1(15-20) 1 (50-60). (MLS: note [that] unless the Philip who died in 1850 in this County is included as a child in this family, this is not the same Philip who appears in the Land Records, that Philip was a young man and with several very young children when he died. A lot of the records in Washtenaw County were burned when the Court House was destroyed by fire.)
      1828-1851; Washtenaw Co., Michigan - Marriage Records (FHL film 1019064)
      P. 152: April 18, 1833, Washtenaw Co., Michigan. Md. Dennis Lancaster to Hannah Frederick in Bridgewater by Howell B. Norton.
      P. 312: Received for Record the 15th day of March 1847 married April 30, 1846 John Palmer of Lenawee County aged 27 to Nancy Frederick of Bridgewater aged 19 years at the residence of Dennis Lancaster in the town of Bridgewater in presence of John Tyrel and Lady both of Clinton, Lenawee Co. By D.W. Palmer J.P.
      1838-1867; Ingham Co. Michigan Marriages (FHL book 977.426 V 25m):
      P. 63: Ambrose Frederick, 30, Ingham Twp. and Cecilia Northrup, 19, Vevay, 11 Apr 1850, by H. Parker, J.P. Rherben Dermuth (or Demuth) and Choney Converse, Vevay, Witnesses. 2:188.
      P. 63: Ambrose Frederick, 31, Ingham Twp. and Miss Melissa Northrup, 22, Vevay, 7 Aug 1851, at house of Thomas Northup, Vevay, by Hiram Parker, J.P. Thomas Northrup and Emily Northrup, Vevay. Witnesses. 2:207-208.
      (MLS note: I mention Ambrose and Mathew Frederick, marriages and Land Records. These two young men are mentioned in David's Bible Records and have land just across the border from David when he was in Handy Township, Livingston County, Michigan. Whether they are relatives or not will have to be searched and confirmed or not. There are also a number of Fredericks in Washtenaw County who have names similar to some of those found in our Fredericks family. However, there are also several families in both these Counties with the name Frederick who migrated from northern Michigan, and are not related to our Frederick family.)
      1838; Monroe County Marriages - taken from the Internet - I have been unable to obtain the original to confirm this, plus David and Daniel can look much alike in a hand-written state. If someone can get this original record I would like to have copy. - Monroe Co. Marriages 1818-1896, Bk. 977.432 V2m - also Trinity Ep. Church 1831-1924 Marr. 1833 (FHL film 1310192 Item 1:
      Frederich, Daniel R: Sal., Mi.
      Ingersol, Martha R. Lndn., Mroe. Co.
      M'd 30 Sep 1838 by Samuel Center.
      Pg. 136 E.4.
      1840; Census Washtenaw Co., Michigan - doesn't give townships.
      Alex Frederick, male 1(under 5) 1(30-40) 1(60-70) female 1(20-30).
      Orrin Jefferds, male 1(30-40) female 1(30-40) 1(20-30).
      1840 Early Land Owners and Settlers of Livingston County, Michigan, 1828-1870. FHL book US/CAN 977.436 R2ca:
      Frederick, David, wife Martha, buy land in Sec. 33, Handy, Wp-NW, Feb. 1, 1840, of Ypsilantie, Washtenaw Col, Mich. Sell in 1840, & 1842, of Handy.
      John, found in census of Handy, 1840.
      1840; Land Records of Livingston County, Michigan (FHL film 1005378). This indenture made the first day of February in the year of 1840. Between Joseph S. Schofield and Clarrisa his wife of Farmington, Oakland County, Michigan of the first part and David Frederick of Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, State aforesaid of the second part... (MSL note: The sale of the land should be found on the same film.) [Kerry's note: I have a copy of this document on file. It is hard to read but it seems to indicate: $225... W half of the NW Qtr of Sect 33 in Township 3N of Range 3E in the District of Lands? subject to Sale at Detroit Michigan containing 80 acres...]
      1843; Poll List, Bridgewater Twp., pg. 71 do not appear in the 1845 twp. census:
      Alexander Frederick
      Mathew Frederick
      1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850; Washtenaw Co., MI Tax List - Bridgewater Township:
      Frederick, Philip. All the land on the N. side of the road running far enough West to make 15 ae on N end NE 1/4 5 ace on, Send W 1/2 of NW 1/4 Personal Sec. 35, 15 acres 75 value of each - Sec. 36 5 acres 15.
      Value of Personal Estate 45
      State Co. & Township Tax = 48, 8, 30
      School Tax = 8, 2, 5 Total 101.
      1851; Frederick, Elizabeth Ann is listed as owner of the land. Husband Philip died in 1850. He is shown to own land in Washtenaw County from 1844 until 1850.
      1850; 1850 Census Washtenaw Co., MI, pg. 411. Persons who died year ending 1st June 1850: Frederick, Philip 36, m., Mar., NY, d. May, Farmer Fever, no. of days ill: 11.
      1850 & 1854; AIS Michigan:
      Ambrose Frederick, Ingham Co., MI, 068, Ingham.
      Mathew D. Frederic, Ingham Co., MI, 069, Ingham 1850.
      1850; Ingham Co., Marriage, Michigan, (FHL film 0976571):
      P. 188: Ambrose Frederick to Cecelia Northrup. State of Michigan, County of Ingham, 394, I hereby certify that, Ambrose Frederick of Ingham age 30 years and Ceclia Northrup of Vevoy age 19 years were by me this day joined in marriage according to law in Vevoy in presence of Rheuben Demuth and Chaucy Converse of Vevay. Vevoy April 11th 1850. H. Toiben, J. of Peace. A true copy of the original recorded this 6th day of May 1850. H.P. Atwood, Clerk.
      P. 207-208: Ambrose Frederick to Melissa Northrup, 463. I hereby certify that Mr. Ambrose Frederick of the township of Ingham in the County of Inghamn and State of Michigan of the age of 31 years and Miss Melissa Northrup of Vevoy in the county and state aforesaid of the age of twenty two years on the seventh day of August A.D. 1851 at the residence of Thomas Northrup in the township of Vevoy in said county of Ingham were by me joined in marriage agreeably to law and that there were present at the time of such marriage and witnessed the same. Thomas Northrup and Emily Northrup both of Vevoy in said county of Ingham. Thiam Parker Justice of the Peace. A true copy of the original Recorded this 11th Day of Sept 1851 P. Law Clerk.
      1850; Ingham Co., Michigan Census;
      305 - Ing.
      Ambrose Frederick, 32, Farmer 80 acres, NY.
      Cecelia Frederick, 19, PA.
      John Torrey, 43, farmer 800 acres, not known.
      Isabelle Torrey, 15, PA.
      John Torrey, Jr., 11, PA.
      312 - Ing.
      Mathew D. Frederick, 39, Farmer 150, NY.
      Harriet Frederick, 28, PA.
      Ira J. Frederick, 3, MI.
      Andrew S. Frederick, 7 mo., MI.
      1852 Ingham Co., Michigan Land Records (FHL film 1010409):
      Grantor: Ambrose Frederick. Grantee: Matthew D. Frederick, pg. 519, 1852.
      1860 Ingham Co., Michigan Census, pg. 78 (FHL film 0803545), Ingham Twp., 6 Jul 1860:
      M.D. Frederick, 42, m, farmer, 1300, 500, NY.
      H.A. Frederick, 38, f, Den.
      A. Frederick, 10, m, MI, school.
      C.E. Frederick, 8, m, b. MI, school.
      1860 Washtenaw Co., MI Census, pg. 56 (FHL film 0803563), Bridgewater Twp.:
      Family:
      Lancaster, Franklin, 26, m. farmer, 200, MI.
      Lancaster, Mary, 22, m, MI.
      Family:
      Lancaster, Dennis, 60, m, farmer, 5000, 2500, b. Ireland.
      Lancaster, Harriet, 48, f, NY.
      Lancaster, William, 18, m, MI, school.
      Lancaster, Dorinda, 13, f, MI, school.
      Lancaster, Degarmo, 10, m, MI, school.
      1867; Abstracts of the Early Probate, (FHL book US/Com 977.426) pg. 2a, Record of Ingham Co. 1838-1869:
      #281, Thomas Northrup, dcd. PA. __ Aug 1863 by Emily Northrop. Thomas Northrop of Vevay of there 11 Mar 1863 intest. Heirs: petitioner (widow), children Malissa Frederick (wid. of Ambrose Frederick of Montcalm, Co.) and V. Harcourt Northrop of Ingham Co., Admi. to self Adm. bd. 21 Sep 1863 to James Fuller - Inventory Mentions land in Vevay. Disch. of Admin. 22 Jan 1867 to James Fuller.
      #118, Demuth, Jonathan, dcd. PA 22 Apr 1856 by John W. Phelps, creditor. Jonathan Demuth of Vevay of there 16 Jan 1856 intest. Heirs: dau. Emma Demuth in Lenawee Co., Reuben Demuth in California, nephew Mattias Fredericks, one daughter, George Demuth in Ingham Co., widow in Ingham Twp. Repair of estate to Benjamin Demuth 18 Mar 1857. Final acct Petition 12 Nov 1860 by John W. Phelps Adm."
      C. Illinois: [Mentions items I already have including (1) Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register and (2) Excerpts from the journal of Orin Jefferds (received from Annie Conley) about the Jefferds adoption of Helen Louisa. Does mention that Orin Jefferds was living in Nauvoo, Illinois as the time Helen Louisa Fredrick was given to him (Dec 1844) and his wife, Zerena Rogers Noland Jefferds, his first wife, but had traveled back to Michigan to settle business 20 Dec 1844-20 Apr 1845.]

      6. From Leslie Wood 18 Jul 2003 :
      "After Helen Louisa Frederick's mother died Dec 1844, David Frederick gave his daughter Helen to Orin Jefferds and his wife Zerena Rogers Jefferds [Noland] to raise. Orin Jefferds was living in Nauvoo, Illinois at the time but had traveled back to Michigan (where Helen was born] to settle business 20 Dec 1844 to 20 Apr 1845. Orin's journal states that Helen came to live with them in Dec 1844 and lived there until she was married [as 3rd wife] in Salt Lake City, 27 Nov 1853 to Seely (Seley) Owen, a polygamist. Seely Owen's first wife abused Helen, so with Bishop Richards' permission she left him, got a "bill" 25 March 1857 & went with William Winter to Carson Valley, NV. Orin Jefferds journal states that Helen married Wm. Winter June 1858 but in his affidavit of 1891 [see his scrapbook], William states that he & Helen were never married and as late as 1866 she had not divorced Seely Owen. Excerpts from the Journal of Orin Jefferds concerning Helen Louisa Fredrick:
      P. 43 - "I would here say David Fredrick lost his wife and gave us his daughter Helen Louisa who was born June 19 1839. She came to our house in December 1844, lived with us until she was married in Salt Lake City."
      P. 55 - "I should say here that our girl Helen Louisa lived with us until November 27, 1853. She was sealed to Seley [Seely] Owen, his first wife abusing her, pounding with clubs and chairs. She left and came home from time to time. Bishop Richards, finding she could not live with them advised her to leave for good. She got a bill March 25th 1857 and was married June 1858 to Wm. Winter and moved to Carson Valley. She has had four girls now - June 1862 and the second one died when about 10 months old."
      "Anna Jane born March 30, 1859; Zerena Elizabeth born Aug 30, 1860; Catherine H. born October 25, 1861; Sarah Bell born December 2, 1862; George Snider born September 17, 1863."

      7. Albert R. Lyman, "Biography of Francis Marion Lyman, 1840-1916, Apostle 1880-1916" (Privately published in Delta, Utah, 1958; copy at LDS Archives; page 7). Francis was the son of Amasa Lyman and also lived in San Bernardino where he later credits Ebenezer Hanks with straightening him out morally as a young man. This portion of his biography is from 1846 in Nauvoo: "Maria Lyman waited with her four children through the months of spring in Nauvoo while the enemies of the Saints, muttering and threatening, made their days and nights a matter of uneasiness and fear. It was in June, by the aid of Francis Marions's grandfather, John Tanner, that they left the defenseless city barely in time to escape another impending attack, and began following the tracks of the Saints through Iowa. F.M.'s account relates: 'Uncle David Frederic was our teamster, he drove our one yoke of oxen and we overtook Father at Mt. Pisgah." The timing of this later than the main exodus coincides with the enlistment of the Mormon Battalion. "Army of Israel, Mormon Battalion Narratives," David Bigler and Will Bagley, editors, pg. 47 (The Arthur H. Clark Co., Spokane, WA, 2000) indicates: "With the Mormon emigration scattered across 300 miles from Nauvoo to the Missouri River, there was only one way to meet Captain [James] Allen's July 6 [1846] deadline for mustering the [Mormon Battalion's] new command at Council Bluffs. This was to recruit teamsters from wagons then on the road or at Iowa emigration camps at Mount Pisgah and Garden Grove, regardless of age, and call forward replacements from Nauvoo and other points." The book on page 49 quotes from a letter of Brigham Young from Mt. Pisgah, 7 Jul 1846, to the Saints at Garden Grove: "We must take these 500 men from among the teamsters, and send them without delay. If there is any one among you over eighteen and under forty five that wants to and can go, let him be at Council Bluffs forthwith. Drummers and fifers are wanted. Where is bro. Hales and the rest of the band? (Footnote: Brothers Charles and Stephen Hales were members of Captain Pitt's Brass Band, but neither joined the battalion.) [A granddaughter of David Frederick later married the grandson of Charles Hales.]

      8. FHL book 921.73 L989la "Biography, Francis Marion Lyman, 1840-1916, Apostle 1880-1916," by Melvin A. Lyman (Delta, UT, 1958) pp. 6, 7, 13-17, and 21. This quote talks about "Uncle David Frederick" helping move the family during the Exodus from Nauvoo. We also know that he accompanied the Lyman family from Utah to San Bernardino. David was also involved in Amasa's lumber milling operations in San Bernardino. David had been adopted in the Nauvoo temple as a son of Amasa Lyman, the father of Francis Marion Lyman:
      "In January, 1846, when they had been in their blessed new home less than four months, the ugly cloud over Nauvoo became so black and threatening that the people prepared to leave without delay. Early in February, in spite of deep snow and bitter cold, they headed off in long processions towards the Mississippi River, a-float with huge, masses of ice.
      Francis M's mother was too sick and helpless to go with them; for the present she would have to wait, and the children would wait with her. They watched wonder­ingly from the window as teams, wagons, loose stock, and people with all kinds of hurriedly-improvised outfits plodded their way through the snow from all parts of the city, a scene which grew in significance as Childish un­derstanding expanded.
      "On the twenty-second of February," says F. M's account, "my brother Amasa M. Jr. was born only a short time after Father had crossed the river and start­ed west.
      That was a most trying time; the little boy held its phases carefully in mind for important conclusions he was to draw in later years when, speaking of his mother he said, "I presume not one woman in ten thou­sand would have done as well as she. Our family was always poor and pinched, and I hardly remember a time when Mother had any hired help.
      His father returned for a little while next day after the baby was born, and he came again a week later before traveling on with the exiled Saints to the remote bound­aries of Western Iowa. Maria Lyman waited with her four children through the months of spring in Nauvoo while the enemies of the Saints, muttering and threatening, made their days and nights a matter of uneasiness and fear.
      It was in June, by the aid of F. M.'s grandfather, John Tanner, that they left the defenseless city barely in time to escape another impending attack, and began following the tracks of the Saints through Iowa. F. M.'s account relates, "Uncle David Frederic was our teamster, he drove our one yoke of oxen and we overtook Father at Mt. Pisgah."
      Referring to their arrival at the Missouri River, he goes on to say, "Father built some temporary log houses for his family, "and then he relates as a matter fact, and as something for which he had an inherent sympathy, that his father brought from Nauvoo, six wives besides his mother. He gives the names of each one, calling them then, as he did without once faltering in all the long years to follow, by the endearing title, "Aunt." There was "Aunt" Caroline, "Aunt" Eliza, Cornelia, Dionetia, Paulina and Priscilla. His references to them are always full of tenderness and respect. He loved them none the less because his father had gone with them while his mother had to wait in Nauvoo, and he kept them thoughtfully in mind through all the troubled years which followed…
      [In Salt Lake City in 1849-50] Amasa Lyman was called to leave his families, with their two log cabins, and fill a mission to California. When he was released from that labor in the fall of 1850, another call awaited him to return with a company of settlers to the coast and establish a colony. It was intended he take his folks, since the colony was to continue indefinitely.
      Parting with their home-foundations on South Cottonwood, most of the family prepared to toil on again towards the distant west, and on the 5th of May, 1851, they started on a journey longer in point of time and filled with more dangers and hardships than the trip from Winter Quarters to the valley of The Great Salt Lake. F. M. was a big husky youth eleven years old, able to drive teams, to ride or handle horses, oxen, or mules, and do almost any kind of work necessary to be done in a camp or on the frontier.
      But he was not to be one of the "bullwhackers" on this eventful journey, he had a more important assign­ment. Before their start for the west his father had given him a mule, a trim-limbed, spirited creature with nippy action and metal to keep going a long time. He was exactly the kind of an animal to captivate a boy with spirit to sing and dance, and F. M. relates that, "he was as pretty as a picture of a mule."
      The little mule's name was Jimmy, which is worth remembering, since he was to be one of F. M's constant companions, and perhaps a more potent teacher than any of his instructors in school. Being the owner of a mule like Jimmy, it would have been distressingly unexpected for F. M. to be made responsible only for the motion of two or more sleepy steers instead of being assigned the care of the loose stock, at which business he was an expert. He could hunt, he could follow tracks and he could meet new situations which he had to do at every turn in the road.
      This colony to California, headed by Amasa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich, included five of the Lyman wives and a similar number of the Rich women. At Springville, they joined with the main body of the company and moved in a long train through the settlements, and then out into the perilous desert to the southwest. They followed dim trails, they dragged their heavy loads over steep and rocky mountains, suffering heat, thirst and terrible weariness. Sometimes three yoke of cattle and the driver sank in their tracks and fell sound asleep. Elder Parley P. Pratt, one of the company, describes the country through which they passed as "a most horr­ible desert", and declares it was "certainly the worst time" he ever had in his life. Prowling Indians gave them frequent trouble and much concern. Twice when they found Indians in the afternoon they kept them under guard till morning, "lest they stray away."
      In the company were 150 wagons, 588 oxen, 336 cows, 107 horses and fifty mules besides the loose stock. With an outfit like this the boy scout and his mule, Jimmy were always in big demand - lost stock, animals that had to be guarded or taken to water, messages from one part "of the long company to another. Feed was scarce and hard to find, the water-holes far apart and insufficient, and they had to divide into small companies in order to get enough water to keep their animals alive.
      Progress was slow and the end of April found them not much more than started. May came and went leaving them still toiling across the solitude, and in June, nearly three months from the time they started, they made camp in Cajon Pass at a place called Sycamore Grove…
      In September the company bought the big ranch at San Bernardino down in the valley, and moved into the adobe huts that had been occupied by the Mexican employees. F. M. relates that two of the rooms into which his father's families moved had tile floors, but the other floors were earth. They had not only to renovate and rebuild old houses, but to make new houses as well and it became a busy hive, teaching more impress­ive lessons than are to be learned from school-masters and books.
      However, a building program more urgent and more impressive still was suddenly thrust upon them. The savage Indian chief, Antonio Garra, and his terrible followers went on the war path, terrifying all of Southern California. The colony at San Bernardino watched to­wards the mountains from whose wooded foothills the old warrior and his braves might appear at any moment with scalping knives in their hands. The colony with its five hundred souls had but one hundred and fifty, able to bear arms, and it would be in a desperate state of defenselessness if the wild band should come upon them.
      They decided therefore to build a stockade fort, and they lost no time in getting started. They marked off an area 700 feet long and 300 feet wide, which included most of their houses, and along this 2,000 foot line they began in a hurry to dig a deep trench, to prepare the necessary number of logs to stand upright in it making a wall twelve to fifteen feet high. When night came on they felt too insecure to sleep, so they went right on with the work, while the rain came down in torrents and a stiff wind slanted it against them with angry spatter. Often through the night hours they peered apprehensively into the darkness and listened for sounds in the roar of the storm, and when morning came they toiled right on all day, nor dared to rest even though it was the Sabbath.
      They found that the building of that fort was a tremendous undertaking, and they had to take turns in sleeping. It took twenty days to finish the stockade with its port holes, its inset gates at each end and its bastions at the corners. Then they all crowded into it, making bedrooms out of their wagon-boxes in order to have a place to sleep, and they had to live in close proximity, and reconcile to their cramped quarters for more than a year.
      In the northeast corner of that stockade, faithful to the Mormon ideal of education, they stretched a can­vass as a shelter from rain and sun and it became a place of learning where William Stout taught "the three Rs." F. M. was in attendance to glean from his books and from his youthful associates the substance out of which he was building his philosophy of life…
      It was a busy year [1853] for: F. M. in the colony. His father's grist mill, his shingle mill and saw mill were either running full blast or occupied with strenuous re­pairs to meet the demand. Besides their mills and their farming operations, Amasa Lyman and C. C. Rich were rushing a building to be used as a merchandising estab­lishment."

      9. Volunteered and served in the Mormon Battalion, Company A, Jefferson Hunt, Captain. Of the five companies, this was the first organized. A tribute to the Mormon Battalion by Brigham Young: "The Mormon Battalion will be held in honorable remembrance to the latest generation; and I will prophesy that the children of those who have been in the army, in defense of their country, will grow up and bless their fathers for what they did at that time. And men and nations will rise up and bless the men who went in that Battalion." Per Carl V. Larson, "A Data Base of the Mormon Battalion," 1987, copy at LDS Church Archives. From his data, the author indicates the oldest enlistee was 69 and that there were 11 others born before 1800. Average age death of the entire Battalion is a remarkable 79 which includes accidents and illnesses leading to death. Entry for David Frederick:
      A. U.S. Archives, Film 351-2 and 351-3, Mexican War Service Records 1845-48, Muster In and Payroll Records. See also FHL films 471465, 471517, and 471518. David Frederic on muster in rolls. Annie Conley reports a record in the "Mormon Battalion Records" which may in fact be this same muster records: "Return List of Company A, Mormon Battalion, Council Bluff, July 16, 1846: Frederick, David, Mindon, Montgomery Co., NY, Sept 15, 1801; Number in family...3, Situation of family...on the road, Wishes concerning family...care of [unreadable] parties, Disposal of wages...$5.00 order of Council."
      B. Adjutant General's Office, "Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the Mexican War, Indian Campaigns, War of the Rebellion, and the Philippine Wars," Des Moines, Iowa; Emory H. English state printer, 1908-1910, Vol 5, pages 837-875: This is a muster out record showing David Frederic, Pvt. Co A.
      C. U.S. Archives microfilm TS1196, pts. 1 to 21. See also FHL films 480129 to 480149 inclusive: He applied for his pension from Beaver, Utah on 2 Oct 1880.
      D. 1927 list prepared for Sen. Reed Smoot from the War Dept. files: David Frederick, Private, Co. A.
      E. Daniel Tyler, "A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion," p. 372, lists David Frederick living in Beaver, Utah.
      F. Kate B. Carter, "Our Pioneer Heritage," vol. 11, p. 391: David Frederick, born 15 Sep 1801, Mendon, N.Y. [I looked up this source and no other information is given.]
      G. Nauvoo Temple Endowment Register, FHL film: Endowment date 29 Jan 1846, Seventy, born 15 Sep 1801 Mendon, New York.

      10. From the LDS Journal of History file:
      21 Aug 1846: On this date the Adjutant George P. Dykes arrived in the Mormon Battalion camp from Fort Leavenworth and informed the members of the Battalion that Col. James Allen was still very sick. A separate collection was taken of donations for the benefit of various persons aside from that sent to the men's families. David Frederick is noted as sending $10 for the benefit of Amasa Lyman [this amount was larger than the average of 1 to 5 dollars].
      10 Nov 1846: On this date the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion, under Lieutenant W.W. Willis, was ordered to return from southern New Mexico to Santa Fe with all of the sick. This was the third and last detachment of sick to leave the main body of the Battalion. Through a mistake, the group left with only partial rations to last the men only five days to go a journey of 300 miles in winter conditions. Some authorities give the number of men in the detachment as 56. The parting of these men from their comrades was very affecting. They had become endeared to each other by the ties of the Gospel and the association of the journey, and the chances were strong against their ever meeting again. [The list of individuals included David Frederick as part of Company A. They had a very difficult trip through deep snow in the mountains before eventually arriving in Pueblo, Colorado - a trapper wintering camp - where they wintered rather comfortably with the other two sick detachments and a group of Mississippi LDS Saints that were emigrating to join the main group of Pioneers. See file for details of this winter camp; there was much enmity between the men and their selfish and inept military leaders. Also in this camp was Ebenezer Hanks and his wife Jane who would eventually be in San Bernardino, CA ten years later with David and his wife Mary Ann and adopt one of his daughters in 1859 in Parowan, UT upon Mary Ann's death. Eventually, during the spring of 1847, this camp meets up with the main group of the Brigham Young Pioneer Company at Fort Laramie, WY after Brigham has sent Apostle Amasa Lyman down to Pueblo to help rejoin the groups. The Battalion members and Mississippi Saints are among the very first group into the Salt Lake Valley arriving just a few days behind Brigham Young's vanguard; under Lyman's patronage, they established the second town in Utah: Cottonwood (present day Holladay). This group also became the main part of the San Bernardino colonizers in 1851.]
      27 Apr 1854: James Beck, President, of the 21st Quorum of Seventies reports on this date as published in the Deseret News a list of current information and status of its members. It lists David Frederick as having an unknown residence and status. [He was in San Bernardino by this date.]

      11. David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, editors, "Army of Israel, Mormon Battalion Narratives," vol. 4 of "Kingdom in the West" series, Arthur H. Clark Co., Spokane, WA, 2000, pp.457-460 contains a never before published roster of the Mormon Battalion detachments that wintered at El Pueblo in 1846 and entered the Salt Lake Valley on 29 July 1847. Shortly after their arrival, Thomas Bullock, the "Clerk of the Camp of Israel" compiled the list of 275 names and titled it: "August 1847 Names of Pueblo Soldiers and Mississippi Brethren Arrived in Great Salt Lake City." Under William W. Willis' detachment: "David Frederick, 21 [Quorum of Seventies]" This places David Frederick in SLC among the first 400 or so pioneers and the first week. The soldiers were immediately assigned to help build the Bowery. It was also this group that immediately introduced irrigation which they had learned from the Mexicans in New Mexico.

      12. The newspaper "The Deseret News Weekly," v. 33, p. 241, Wed., May 7, 1884: "A Veteran Gone. Death of a Member of the Mormon Battalion. The news comes from Graves Valley, Piute County, of the death of Brother Ebenezer Hanks... He was one of Captain Brown's company of the Mormon Battalion, which served in the War with Mexico, and was one of the detachment in charge of the sick soldiery, his wife traveling with him in camp life, and attending with him the sick at Pueblo, until relieved to come to Salt Lake Valley. They arrived here July 25th, 1847, only one day behind the company led by President Young..." David Frederick was in this same group. Later when his wife Mary Ann Winner dies in 1859, this same E. Hanks and his wife adopt David's youngest daughter Martha Catherine Frederick.

      13. Bronze memorial plaque in Pueblo, Colorado [photo on file]: "This memorial is the property of the State of Colorado. A detachment of United States soldiers of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War spent the winter of 1846-47 near this site. With their families and Mormon immigrants from Mississippi they formed a settlement of 275 persons. They erected a church and rows of dwellings of cottonwood logs. Here were born the first white children in Colorado. Erected by the State Historical Society of Colorado, from the Mrs. J.N. Hall Foundation and by Colorado members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and by citizens of Pueblo. 1946."

      14. The book "An Intimate Chronicle, the Journals of William Clayton," ed. by George Smith, Signature Books, 1995, Salt Lake City, Utah, includes the account of the meeting up and arrival of the Pueblo detachment of the Mormon Battalion with the original Pioneer Company of the Mormon vanguard just as they have passed Green River and just before Bridger's Fort on their way to the Salt Lake Valley:
      P. 354: "(July 4, 1847, Sunday) ...some of the brethren assembled for meeting in the circle. At half after 2 P.M. the brethren returned from the ferry accompanied by 12 of the Pueblo brethren from the army. They have got their discharge and by riding hard overtaken us. They feel well and on arriving in camp gave three cheers after which President Young moved that we give glory to God which was done by hosannas..."
      Pp. 368-377:
      "(July 27, 1847, Tuesday): [Brigham Young just arrived in the valley a few days before.] At half past 8 Amasa Lyman, Rodney Badger, Roswell Stevens, and Brother (Samuel) Brannan arrived in Camp. They report that the Pueblo company will be in tomorrow of the day after. The brethren are still busy plowing and planting..."
      "(July 29, 1847, Thursday): ...At 3 o'clock the Pueblo brethren came in sight. The soldiers appearing in military order, many of them mounted. They have 29 wagons in the company and one carriage. Presidents Young, Kimball and the Twelve went to meet the brethren and met them in the Kanion. They report that they have very heavy rain there, the water rising in the creek three feet in a very short time, caused by the rush from the mountains. The brethren arrived at the lower camp at half past, and marched in headed by the fifes and side drum. They have camped a little west of the other camp. The brethren are represented as feeling well and cheerful..."
      "(July 30, 1847, Friday): Day warm. Twelve held a council with the officers of the Battalion, then rode up to the hot spring. Evening a general meeting of the camp and addressed by President Young. He told his feeling concerning the soldiers, they have saved the people by going when required &c. He rejoices that they are here. He expressed his feeling warmly towards the brethren, and also told his feeling towards the gentiles. The meeting was opened by Hosannas three times and closed by requesting the Battalion to build a bower(y) tomorrow on the temple lot where we can assemble for meetings &c."
      "(July 31, 1847, Saturday) This morning the brethren commenced making the bower(y) on the Temple lot a little south west from our camp. They will make it about 40 feet long and 28 feet wide. Walked with Presidents Young, Kimball, Richards and others to the mississippi Camp. Brother Thomas Richardson is very sick and several others of the soldiers... There are from 20 to 30 of the Utah Indians here and some squaws trading with the brethren. They are generally of low stature, pleasing countenance but poorly clad... These Indians who are now here are of the Shoshones... There were 4 or 5 of the Utah here this morning... they sat down and made a meal of some of these large crickets. They appear to be crisped over the fire which is all the cooking requires. Many of the brethren have traded muskets and rifles for horses, and ordinary musket will buy a pretty good horse..."
      "(August 1, 1847, Sunday) [We have had another cool, windy night. At 10 A.M. the brethren assembled for meeting under the Bower(y) on the Temple Lot, all members of the quorum of the Twelve being present except President Young who is quite sick ...President Young instructed the Battalion last evening, and councilled them for their comfort, and the counsel is for the brethren to keep their guns, and their powder, and their balls and lead, and not let the Indians have it, for they will shoot down our cattle. 'They stole guns yesterday and had them under their blankets and if you don't attend to this you are heating a kettle of boiling water to scald your own feet. If you listen to council you will let them alone, and let them eat the crickets, there's plenty of them. I understand they offered to sell the land and if we were to buy it of them the Utahs would want pay for it too. The land belongs to our Father in heaven and we calculate to plow and plant it, and no man will have power to sell his inheritance, for he can't remove it belongs to the Lord. I am glad I am come to a place where I feel free... We will have a farm, and cultivate them, and plant vineyards, and if we are faithful five years will not pass away before we are better off than we ever were in Nauvoo. If we had brought our families along, everybody else would have come and we have got to lose another year. We could not bring all the soldiers families for the same reason that we did not bring our own families. I thank the Lord that here are so many of the soldiers here, if they had tarried in winter quarters there would have been many more deaths among them... Elder (Willard) Richards then read an order from Lieut. Cook of the Mormon Battalion on the Pacific, after which Elder (Thomas) Bullock read a letter from Jefferson Hunt to James Brown dated July 6, 1847, after which and a few other remarks, the meeting was dismissed... Colonel (Albert) Rockwood remarked that a Log house 16 by 15 would cost forty dollars and one of adobes half as much. Capt. (James) Brown was in favor of setting men to work building both log and adobie houses to hasten the work. Capt. Lewis said that inasmuch as timber is scarce, and we have spades and shovels and tools enough as many as can be used he is in favor of building adobie houses and save the timber. Lieutenant (Ira) Willis said, you can put up an adobe house before a man could get the Logs for a log house. Adobe house are healthy and are the best for equinoctial gales. Elder (Samuel) Brannan has a man in California who will take 3 men, make adobes for a 30 foot house; build the house and put a family in it in a week. His printing office was put up in 14 days and a paper printed."

      15. LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah:
      A. MS9124: Mormon Battalion, W.W. Willis Detached Co. "Descriptive List of the Detachment of Mormon Volunteers Sent Back to Santa Fe Under the Command of Lieut. W.W. Willis, Nov. 10, 1846": David Frederick, mustered in service 16 Jul 1846 at Council Bluff, Co. A.
      B. MS9126-2: Mormon Battalion, James Brown Detached Company - Soldier's Pay Records, 1847 [Note that since Captain Brown's company ended up in Utah from Colorado, Cpt. Brown traveled from Salt Lake City to California to collect his company's pay, he deducted 10% - this was not popular with his men to say the least):
      David Frederick, soldier due: $17.50, Brown's percentage: $1.75.
      Sylvester Hewlett, soldier due: $17.50, Brown's percentage: $1.75.
      E. Hanks, soldier due: $32.50, Brown's percentage: $3.25.

      16. The following is a transcription of David Frederick's application for a pension for his service in the Mexican War as part of the Mormon Battalion. It gives much personal information about him physically and about his life. It is not necessarily in chronological order and transcribed in the same order as it appears on the FHL microfilm: "Pension Application Files Mexican Wars Death or Disability; The National Archives, "Old War" Invalid and widow rejected, File no. 21913, Veteran: David Frederick, Service: Co. "A" Mormon Battalion:
      A. "War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D.C., Oct 15th, 1880. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt from your Office of application for Pension No. Mex. War, and to return it herewith with such information as is furnished by the files of this Office. It appears from the Rolls on file in this Office that David Frederick was enrolled on the 16th day of July, 1846 at Council Bluff in Co. A Mormon Battln. Volunteers, to serve one year mustered into service as Private on the 16th day of July, 1846 at Council Bluff in Co. A, Mormon Battln. Volunteers, to serve one year. On the Muster Roll of Co. A of the Battln. for the months of Nov. and Dec., 1846, he is reported absent on detached service and so reported to June 30, 1847. Mustered out with company July 16, 1847 at Los Angeles, Cal. The records of this office furnish no evidence of wounds or disability. I am, sir, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, [signature], Assistant Adjutant General, The Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, D.C."
      B. Memorandum: "A.G. reports service as above - Nov. and Dec., 1846, absent on detached service and so reported to June 30, 1847 - no record of wounds or disability. Rejected: No record of alleged disabilities and the claimant is unable to furnish satisfactory testimony to establish the origin of said disabilities in the service and line of duty. The claimant in an affidavit filed Nov. 8th, 1880, states that all of the commissioned officers who had a personal knowledge of the incurrence of the alleged disabilities, are dead. That he knows of but one commissioned officer of said Co. now living and he did not have a personal knowledge of the incurrence of alleged disabilities."
      C. Affidavit: "U.S. 2nd Dist. Court, Utah Territory - Territory of Utah, 2d. Judicial District, County of Beaver. On this 31st day of August one thousand eight hundred and eighty appeared before me James R. Wilkins, clerk of the Second Judicial District Court of Utah Territory a Court of record within and for the District and County aforesaid David Frederick, age seventy eight years, a resident of the city and county of Beaver, Territory of Utah, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that his is the identical David Frederick who was enrolled on the 16th day of July, 1846 in Company A Mormon Battalion Ioway Infantry, Lieut. Colonel James Allen, subsequently Lieut. Col. P. St. George Cooke and was informally disbanded with a detachment of invalids in what is now Salt Lake City, Territory of Utah on or about the 27th day of July, 1847; that his personal description is as follows: age seventy eight years, height five feet two inches; complexion fair, hair dark at enlistment, now gray; eyes blue, that while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and line of duty, while at Santa Fe, State of New Mexico on or about the 15th day of October, 1846, through extreme exposure and hardships he was taken sick with cold and fever which subsequently settled in his right eye, which caused him to lose the sight of said eye. Applicant further states upon his oath that in attempting to jump from a wagon after riding across Green River in Utah Territory, between Ft. Bridger and the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains on or about the 20th day of July 1847, he accidentally slipped from the tongue of the wagon, fell backwards on the small rocks and injured the lower extremities of the spine, and ever since his kidney have been affected; that ever since said fall little exertion effects his breathing and faintness is produced. He had no opportunity of treatment in any hospital; that he has not been employed in the Military or Naval Service otherwise than as stated above. That since leaving the Service applicant has resided in San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, State of California, in Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County, Utah Territory and in Beaver City, Beaver County, Utah Territory. That his occupation has been that of a gardener. That prior to entry into the service above named he was a man of good sound physical health being when enrolled a gardener; that he is entirely disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor, by reason of his injuries above described, received in the service of the United States; and he therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of being on the invalids pension roll of the United States. He hereby appoints, with full power and substitution and revocation, Daniel Tyler of the City and County of Beaver, Territory of Utah, his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim. That he has not received or applied for pension; that his Post Office address is Beaver City, Beaver County, Utah Territory, that the reason he has not previously applied for a pension is because he was ignorant of there being any pension law until lately informed of the existence of such laws. [Signed] David Frederick. [Mr. L. Shepherd then swears that David Frederick is who he represents himself to be. Statement is then attested to on Aug. 31, 1880 by the Clerk of the Court.]
      D. Affidavit: "Affiant is informed and believes to be true - and his interests and sympathies have ever been with this Government and Union, and his a temperate man in his habits and has always been such. [Signed] David Frederick. Sworn and subscribed to before me this 2[?] day of October, 1880. William Fotheringham, County Clerk."
      E. Affidavit: "United States of America, Territory of Utah, Beaver County. David Frederick, a citizen of Beaver County, Utah, being first duly sworn, upon his information and belief states: That all of the commissioned officers of his Company, to wit, Company A, Mormon Battalion who had an opportunity of knowing when, where, on the circumstances under which his disabilities were contracted are dead. And upon like information and belief he further states that all the commissioned officers of said Battalion, who had an opportunity of knowing such facts are dead also; and he states of his own knowledge that but very few of the commissioned officers of said Battalion are now living. And that he knows of but one commissioned officer of said Company A, that is now living, and said commissioned officers, had at the time he contracted his alleged disabilities no opportunity of knowing the facts. This affiant upon his oath further states; that on or about the 15th of October 1846, and while in the line of duty at Santa Fe, New Mexico, he was taken ill with a cold and fever which settle in his right eyes, and caused him to lose the sight thereof, and it is got blind. That his eye was examined by the Regimental Surgeon Dr. George B. Sanders, who is now dead, but owing to the Regiment being on the march at the time, he said surgeon was not able to put him under proper treatment therefore, and but little was, or could be done under the circumstances; and that most of the time while on such march he was too remote from any surgeon to receive any aid or treatment. That on or about the month of November 1846, he, in company with a small detachment of other invalids were sent back from the Rio Grande, in New Mexico, owing to inability to perform further duty. That the order for this return was issued by Col. Cooke, commander at the time, to Lieutenant Willis. That he was taken to the town of Puebla, near the head of the Arkansas River, and remained there during the winter, and was taken the following spring to Salt Lake City, Utah, by said Willis, and discharged, on or about the 27th day of July 1847. That while on the road to Salt Lake City, Utah, at the crossing of Green River near Fort Bridger, by the permission of Lt. Willis, he got into the baggage Wagon to cross the stream, and in getting out of the wagon at the opposite bank of the river, owing to his feeble condition, he fell and injured the lower part of his back and spine, and ever since that time he has been troubled with a weak back, and weariness of the kidneys, which he thinks has resulted in a chronic rheumatism. That he is a native of the State of New York, born at the town of Mindon, Montgomery County in the year 1801, and was an able backed man prior to his enlistment in the service. That for two years prior to his enlistment, he resided in the State of Illinois, and was by occupation a farmer and gardener. That since his discharge, he has been engaged, where able to labor, in gardening and has resided among his friends and relatives all the time since his discharge. That he has lived in Salt Lake County, Utah Territory, and in San Bernardino County, State of California, and in Beaver County, Utah where his now resides, and a short time in Iron County, Utah since his discharge, and from January 1st, 1861 till May 9th, 1865, he resided in Beaver County, Utah to his best knowledge and belief and recollection and was loyal to the United States Government all of said times aforesaid. That he is usually able to perform some light labor, but at no time is able to do any kind of heavy labor, not to do what is termed a day's work, at any kind of labor, and has to subsist upon the charity of his friends and relatives. That he has had no acute attacks, only of rheumatism of the back and legs, since his discharge, and has had no treatment from any physician since his discharge, not being able to employ any, and has managed to treat himself with such simple remedies as he could procure, and his reason would suggest. That he never voted for Secession, nor served in the Confederate Army, nor held office under, nor paid taxes to, nor in any manner aided or abetted the Confederate Government, or manifested any sympathy therewith. That he knows nothing about secession or the Confederate army, except what he has heard, and never had any sympathy with, or taken any interest in any army or government except that of the United States of America. That his interests and sympathies have ever been, and now are with the U.S. Government. That his grandfather Francis Frederick was a Revolutionary War soldier, and drew a pension from the Government as affiant is informed and believes to be true - and his interests and sympathies have ever been with this Government and Union and he is a temperate man in his habits and has always been such. [Signed:] David Frederick. Sworn and subscribed to before me this 2[?]th day of October, 1880. [Signed:] William Fotheringham, County, Clerk."
      F. Form: "No. 21913. [Stamped:] Rejected. 4858-160-1847. Old War Invalid. David Frederick, Parowan, Iron County, Utah [Crossed out: Beaver City, Beaver Co.]. Service: Co. 'A' Morm. Battl., Mexican War. Enlisted: July 16, 1846. Discharged: July 27, 1847. Application filed: Sept. 10, 1880. ___ges: Loss sight of right eye, ____, ___cts of ___, injury to spine and kidneys. Attorney: David Tyler, Beaver City, Utah."
      G. Memorandum: "War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Dec. 13, 1881. Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Pensions. Lorenzo Clark, 2. Lieut., Company A, Mormon Battalion Volunteers. Aug. 31, 1846. Present. Oct. 31, 1846. Not on file. Dec. 31, 1846. Present and so reported to June 30, 1847 at Los Angeles, Cal. Nelson Higgins was Capt. Co. B. Aug 31, 1846. Present. Dec. 31, 1846. Absent on detached service since Sept. 17, 1846 and so reported to June 30, 1847. Mustered out with company July 16, 1847 at Los Angeles, Cal. [Signed:] Geo. D. Ruggles, Assistant Adjutant General."
      H. Memorandum: "War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Dec. 30, 1882. Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Pensions. Lafayette Shepherd, a Private of Company A, Mormon Battalion Volunteers. Aug. 31, 46 reports him not present. Oct. 31, 46, not on file. Return for Oct. 46 does not report him absent. The Battln. was at Sucoro on the Rio del Note Oct. 31, 46. The records of this office furnish no further information. Name Marcus L. Shepherd not borne. [Signed:] M. Barber."
      I. Affidavit: "In the matter of the application of David Frederick for an Invalid Pension, Territory of Utah, County of Beaver. David Frederick being sworn, upon his oath says: That he is the identical David Frederick whose application re. Old War, for an invalid pension at the Pension Office Department of the Interior. That he cannot furnish the affidavit of the family physician, as to what his physical condition was at the time of his enlistment, or prior thereto. That Dr. Carver of Monroe County, New York was the last physician employed by the family prior to his enlistment, and affiant is informed and believes that said Carver died several years since. That there is no physician now living who has waited upon him or treated him since his discharge. [Signed:] David Frederick. Subscribed and sworn to this 23rd day of February, 1882. F.R. Clayton, Notary Public."
      J. Government form: "Summary by Examiner. From my examination of all the evidence submitted in this case, I am of the opinion that the claim should be rejected. I think that claimant has been disabled from performing manual labor during the years since discharge substantially as follows: Blindness right eye, Ctf. of Ex. Surgeon. [Signed:] Geo. W. Carr, Examiner." [May be dated approx. mid-1882.]
      K. Memorandum: "Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., March 22, 1882. Sir: In the claim of David Frederick to original invalid pension, old war, claimant is required to furnish testimony to show his condition at discharge and continuously from that time to the present. If he cannot furnish medical testimony, lay testimony may be submitted and will be duly considered, but the same must be very specific, setting forth in detail, dates, condition, causes of disability and degree thereof from time to time and should connect the present disability clearly with the service. Return this letter with the reply. Very respectfully, Wm. W. Dudley, Commissioner. [To:] David Frederick, Beaver City, Beaver Co., Utah Ty."
      L. Memorandum: "Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., April 5, 1881. Sir: In the claim of David Frederick to original invalid pension, old war, the records failing to show any evidence of disability while in the service in the line of duty, claimant is required to furnish the testimony of some commissioned officer of his company or regiment to show when, where, and under what circumstances the alleged disability was contracted. Return this letter with the reply. Very respectfully, O.P. Clarke, Acting Commissioner. [To:] David Frederick, c/o David Tyler, Beaver City, Utah."
      M. Letter: "Office of Daniel Tyler, Attorney at Lay, Beaver, Utah, 17 Aug. 1881. The Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, D.C. Sir, The reason of the delay of these papers is the fact that Capt. James Brown and Lieut. ___ W. Willis who were in command and well posted as to David Frederick's disability are both dead and there are so few of the commissioned officers belonging to the Mormon Battalion now living who were personally acquainted with applicant that it has been difficult to learn their address. Mr. Frederick is in all respects reliable and trustworthy and no one acquainted with him questions his veracity or that he is justly entitled to a pension. No officer charges him fees for services and his atty. also prosecuted his claim free of charge. Owing to his disability he lives mainly upon charity. Trusting his case will be viewed favorably, I am most respectfully, Daniel Tyler, Atty. for Applicant."
      N. Affidavit: "David Frederick, Co. A Mormon Bat., appeared before me on Wednesday, Feb. 22, 1882 for examination with regard to physical disability resulting from loss of sight of right eye, scurvy, effects of fever, and injury to spine and kidneys. Age 80 yrs., fair, heart and lungs normal. Loss of sight of right eye. Appendages normal and healthy. Iris reacts under the influence of light. No evidence of adhesions. Cornea, immediately in front of pupil occupied by a large cicaricial opacity probably due to an ulcer of which there are distinct traces at the inner portion of the opacity. Loss of sight complete; patient able to distinguish nothing ___ and absolute light and darkness with that eye. Scurvy: No indications beyond a thickened indurated and discolored lower lip and discoloration of right foot extending an inch above the ankle. The atrophy of the gums due to age and loss of teeth effectually mask any traces of scurvy which might have existed formerly. The patient's history points to a possible scorbutic condition due to a lack of fresh meat and vegetables and manifestin